A cluster randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of SAFE on spousal violence against women and girls in slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh - Naved RT, Mamun MA, Mourin SA, Parvin K.

BACKGROUND: Bangladesh reports one of the highest rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the world. Despite wide recognition of IPV as an important public health and human rights issue, evidence for IPV prevention is still inadequate. Lack of guidance...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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AbstractThe purpose of our commentary is to underscore key take-home points of the 11 articles in this special series on appraisals and trauma. Two important take-home points relate to (i) the question of whether appraisals mediate the relationship between trauma and trauma-relevant symptoms, and (ii) the methodological innovations presented here. Further, we discuss three features characterizing this special issue. First, it includes papers examining the role of negative appraisals as a correlate, predictor, and potential causal risk factor of posttraumatic stress symptoms; second, the studies use a multifaceted approach ...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study examined the relative effectiveness of a compound containing St. John's Wort (SJW), an herb widely prescribed for depression in Europe and sold as a dietary supplement in the United States, compared to sertraline (Zoloft) in a mouse model of PTSD. Thirty-six mice were tested for baseline ASR, then they were exposed to rats in a predator exposure paradigm known to induce PTSD-like symptoms. Mice were randomly divided into three groups for treatment (control, sertraline, SJW), and ASR was retested one week later. One-way ANOVAs found no significant group differences in ASR amplitude at baseline but a significant e...
Source: Journal of Dietary Supplements - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Diet Suppl Source Type: research
(CNN) — Wannabe vampires, beware: The US Food and Drug Administration warned Tuesday against using plasma infusions from young blood donors to ward off the effects of normal aging as well as other more serious conditions. Plasma, the liquid portion of the blood, contains proteins that help clot blood. The infusions are promoted to treat a variety of conditions, including normal aging and memory loss as well as serious conditions such as dementia, multiple sclerosis, heart disease and post-traumatic stress disorder. “There is no proven clinical benefit of infusion of plasma from young donors to cure, mitigate, t...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Offbeat Blood Donations CNN Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics of the patients with past CSA in this study are similar to community-based samples, except for a significant gender difference. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to investigate CSA history during hospital ED psychiatric consultations. A history of CSA should be considered during psychiatric consultations in a general hospital ED admission. PMID: 30772955 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Sarah Schumacher, Helen Niemeyer, Sinha Engel, Jan Christopher Cwik, Sebastian Laufer, Hannah Klusmann, Christine KnaevelsrudAbstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often associated with alterations in the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. Previous findings are inconsistent, possibly due to trauma exposure of controls or different hormone measurement methods. We investigated cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEA-S) in adults with clinical PTSD under basal or chall...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Condition:   PTSD in Family Members of ICU Patients Interventions:   Other: Visiting policies: 24 hours a day, 7 days a week;   Other: Restriction of visiting policies 
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Substance Use Disorders;   PTSD;   Trauma;   Emotional Dysfunction Interventions:   Behavioral: Peer-Led Seeking Safety app;   Behavioral: Control app Sponsors:   Treatment Innovations;   National Institutes of Health (NIH);   National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   PTSD in Family Members of ICU Patients Interventions:   Other: Visiting policies: 24 hours a day, 7 days a week;   Other: Restriction of visiting policies 
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Substance Use Disorders;   PTSD;   Trauma;   Emotional Dysfunction Interventions:   Behavioral: Peer-Led Seeking Safety app;   Behavioral: Control app Sponsors:   Treatment Innovations;   National Institutes of Health (NIH);   National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
A study by the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China found the hypertension drug losartan - also known by its brand name Cozaar - helps people sweat less when faced with a fear.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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