Otorhinolaryngological Manifestations in Sjogren Syndrome

Conclusion: To date, there is no straight forward and reliable diagnostic test for Sjögren's syndrome. Its diagnosis can be difficult because the signs and symptoms vary widely and sometimes are similar to those caused by other diseases. Hence, it is important to identify conditions with similar patterns in order to make a correct diagnosis, begin the appropriate therapy, determine a proper follow-up and ensure a good quality of life.
Source: Current Immunology Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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Purpose of review Sarcoidosis is a rare, multisystem granulomatous disease of incompletely understood pathogenesis. Clinically, it shares common features with several systemic and organ-specific autoimmune diseases, although known autoantibodies or useful serologic markers for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity are lacking. Sarcoidosis can both coexist with or mimic connective tissue diseases or vasculitis. Here, we review possible common etiologic factors between sarcoidosis and autoimmune disease, comparing clinical, laboratory and imaging features. Recent findings Autoimmune diseases may precede or follow...
Source: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: SARCOIDOSIS: Edited by Peter Korsten and Marjolein Drent Source Type: research
Conclusions: Serum/plasma HMGB1 levels in patients with autoimmune diseases are significantly higher than in healthy controls, and may reflect the disease activity.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
In the past decade, the attention has been focused on the relationship between interstitial lung disease (ILD) and connective tissue diseases (CTDs). The clinical impact, as well as the therapeutic approach, classification and diagnosis have been addressed. These two latter items represent an area of great interest because the underlying conditions leading to ILD and the most appropriate treatment still needs to be defined. Recently, the European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society proposed the interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) criteria which represents the effort of pulmonologists to classif...
Source: European Respiratory Review - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Interstitial and orphan lung disease Editorials Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29920643 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Developmental Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Immunol Source Type: research
​BY ANDRZEJ KIELTYKA, PA; PARDEEP THANDI, MD; &ANUMEHA SINGH, MDA 56-year-old man presented to the emergency department with shortness of breath for one month and pleural effusions on an outpatient chest x-ray. He had been taking adalimumab, methotrexate, and steroids for arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.A right pleural effusion in a patient with nephrotic syndrome.His monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) was monitored annually, but no medical intervention beyond surveillance was required. He had excessive thirst but normal urine output. He noted face and hand swelling in the morning that gave wa...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Abstract Primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands. We investigated whether the tolerogenic peptide, hCDR1, that ameliorates lupus manifestations would have beneficial effects on pSS as well. The in vitro effects of hCDR1 on gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and regulatory molecules were tested in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of 16 pSS patients. hCDR1, but not a control peptide, significantly reduced gene expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, MX-1 and BlyS and up-regulated immunosuppressive (TGF-β, FOXP3) mo...
Source: Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Immunol Source Type: research
Purpose of review Antimalarial drugs including chloroquine, its less toxic quinolone-derivative hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), and quinacrine have become cornerstones in the treatment of autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, sarcoidosis, and Sjogren syndrome; cutaneous disorders, antiphospholipid syndrome, and have recently been employed at higher dioses in oncology. Benefits include anti-inflammatory effects, protection against thrombosis, and improved control of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. In general, both the therapeutic advantages and the toxic effects of the drugs correlate with the do...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: CLINICAL THERAPEUTICS: Edited by William J. McCune Source Type: research
Abstract In the field of inflammation imaging, nuclear medicine techniques can be considered as a non-invasive tool to early detect pathophysiological changes I affected tissues. These changes usually occur before clinical onset of symptoms and before the development of anatomical changes, that are commonly detected by radiological procedures. This is particularly important for prognostic purposes, therapy decision making and for therapy follow-up. Here we review the current state-of-theart of nuclear medicine for diagnostic purposes in different conditions characterized by a chronic inflammation, such as vulnerab...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The risk of PD was significantly higher in the ARD patients. Prospective studies are needed to confirm whether ARDs indeed increase the risk of PD. PMID: 29224375 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research
Authors: Nozawa K, Doe K, Uomori K, Sekigawa I, Takasaki Y, Yamaji K, Tamura N Abstract We previously reported that autoantibodies against the proliferating cell nuclear antigen protein (PCNA)-binding protein chromatin assembly factor-1 (CAF-1) are specifically found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). PCNA and its complex constituents elicit autoimmune responses in patients with SLE, suggesting that autoantibody diversification likely occurs owing to epitope spreading. Therefore, we sought to clarify whether patients with SLE exhibit an autoimmune response to Ribonuclease H2 (RNase H2), another PC...
Source: Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Autoimmunity Source Type: research
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