Neural Responsiveness to Reward as an Index of Depressive Symptom Change Following Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and SSRI Treatment.

Neural Responsiveness to Reward as an Index of Depressive Symptom Change Following Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and SSRI Treatment. J Clin Psychiatry. 2018 Jun 12;79(4): Authors: Burkhouse KL, Gorka SM, Klumpp H, Kennedy AE, Karich S, Francis J, Ajilore O, Craske MG, Langenecker SA, Shankman SA, Hajcak G, Phan KL Abstract OBJECTIVE: Reward positivity (RewP), a neurophysiologic index of reward responsivity, is consistently reduced in participants with depression and, to a lesser extent, anxiety. It remains unknown, however, whether RewP can be altered as psychiatric symptoms change with treatment. The current study addressed this question by examining differences in RewP within patients before and after 12 weeks of treatment with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). We also examined the utility of RewP as a predictor of symptom change during CBT and SSRI treatment. METHODS: Participants were recruited between 2014 and 2017 and included adults with a primary DSM-5 anxiety or depressive disorder (n = 63) and healthy controls (n = 25). At baseline and 12 weeks, participants completed a monetary award task while electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded. Between EEG sessions, patients completed CBT or SSRI treatment. RESULTS: At baseline, higher levels of depressive symptoms were associated with a more attenuated RewP. We found no significant differences between patients and healthy controls in the degree...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Depression Nutrition Source Type: blogs
Erratum to "Letter to the Editor about the Article: "Still Regarding Anxiety, Depression and Academic Performance: A Study Amongst Portuguese Medical Students Versus Non-Medical Students", by João Moreira de Sousa, Cátia A. Moreira, Diogo Telles-Correia. Acta Med Port. 2018;31:454-62. ". Acta Med Port. 2018 Nov 30;31(11):702 Authors: Gama Marques J PMID: 30521470 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Given the established evidence that supports its impact on weight variability, early identification of problematic eating behaviours and of patients with a tendency to act impulsively in situations of negative emotionality should be a central concern in the follow-up of the bariatric population. PMID: 30521456 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
People are diagnosed with SAD if they experience these changes during two consecutive winters. → Enjoying these psych studies? Support PsyBlog for just $4 per month (includes ad-free experience and more articles). → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: NEW: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Depression Source Type: blogs
(Natural News) Many people battle with depression and anxiety. However, drugs used to treat these conditions cause serious side effects. Because of this, a team of researchers from China, Iran, and the U.K. attempted to test saffron (Crocus sativus), a herbal medicine, can be used to treat depression and anxiety. And true enough, they found...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The prevalence of elevated depressive symptoms in women was 35.75% at baseline (hospitalization). The Beck Depression Inventory II yielded the highest baseline prevalence (40.3%), slightly higher than the Depression Interview and Structured Hamilton Scale (36%). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Kellner questionnaire yielded much lower prevalence (21.45% and 23%, respectively). Higher prevalence was linked to inclusion of somatic symptoms on measurement instruments except in post-coronary bypass surgery patients. Symptoms trended toward improvement, particularly in the first 6 months, althoug...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Depression Source Type: research
Conclusion: Individuals with CHD who have low perceived and received social support are vulnerable to experiences of psychological distress. Assessments of social support and facilitation of positive coping strategies are integral to nursing care for adults with CHD.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Congenital Heart Disease Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The FAA and LF:HF ratio may be biomarkers that represent the pathological conditions of BFM with suicidal ideation. If researched further, they may shed light on the interaction between bereavement with suicidal ideation and social resources for therapeutic intervention. PMID: 30518171 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
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Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: CLINICAL REPORTS Source Type: research
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