Evaluation of XRCC1 Gene Polymorphism as a Biomarker in Head and Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemoradiation Therapy.

CONCLUSIONS: Polymorphic variant XRCC1 HNSCC patients treated with CCRT have significantly increased acute radiation morbidities and may have a trend toward better PFS in comparison with the wild variant. PMID: 29893275 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys Source Type: research

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We report an unusual case of an amelanotic melanoma in a 7 year old hispanic child with subclinical globe perforation. Uveal melanoma rarely occurs in children. Young affected patients are mostly light colored eyes caucasians adolescents. Since they are not common, these tumors are usually not recognized and misdiagnose. Differential diagnoses and therapeutic options are outlined. PMID: 30342820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol Source Type: research
In this study, we further explored the mechanism underlying CD133-mediated cisplatin resistance in glioblastoma stem cells. We sorted human glioblastoma T98G and U87MG cells into CD133+ and CD133− pools and measured apoptosis and CD133 expression levels in response to cisplatin treatment. We predicted candidate microRNAs that might target CD133 and assessed their levels in cisplatin-treated CD133+ cells. Finally, we overexpressed miR-29a in CD133+ cells and tested its effects in cisplatin-mediated apoptosis and survival of CD133+ tumor bearing mice receiving cisplatin treatment. We found that CD133+ glioblastoma stem...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In conclusion, molecular alterations in ependymoma involve miRNAs. In our report, we review the level of evidence for the biomarker candidacy of identified miRNAs. Confirmatory studies are necessary to establish robust biomarkers for the clinical management of ependymoma. Proteins regulated by differentially expressed miRNAs are additional candidate biomarkers and may offer targets for novel therapeutic interventions.
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractIschemic stroke is one of the leading health issues and the major cause of permanent disability in adults worldwide. Energy depletion and hypoxia occurring after ischemic stroke result in cell death, which activates resident glia cells and promotes the peripheral immune cells breaching into brain performing various functions even contradictory effects. The infiltration of immune cells may mediate neuron apoptosis and escalate ischemic damage, while it enhances neuron repair, differentiation, and neuroregeneration. The central nervous system (CNS) is immune-privileged site as it is separated from the peripheral immu...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, our study demonstrated that SCH-527123, a small-molecule antagonist for CXCR1 and CXCR2 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion in melanoma via PI3K/AKT pathway. PMID: 30340844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
Authors: Krishnan M, Thampi A, Baite JP, Arul P PMID: 30341875 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Snehalatha C, Priscilla S, Nanditha A, Arun R, Satheesh K, Ramachandran A Abstract Identification and treatment of individuals with prediabetes is crucial. Effective interventional strategies are key to reducing the diabetes risk at the population level. Lifestyle intervention is found to be more effective but more expensive. Evidence of potential benefits from pharmacotherapy is accumulating. The choice of a pharmacologic intervention to reduce the progression of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in high risk individuals must consider the balance between the benefit to risk ratio. A meta-analysis of the results of t...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Ankit BS, Agrawal R, Gadhwal A, Chahar C, Agrawal RP Abstract Objectives: Diabetes mellitus has been claimed to be a risk factor for the development of pancreatic carcinoma. CA 19-9 has a great sensitivity in detection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Metformin exhibits a strong and consistent antiproliferative action on several cancer cell lines including pancreatic cancer. We aim to determine the influence of metformin on CA 19-9 levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods: Total 193 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were registered for a single centre, cross-sectional study. On the basis ...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
CANCER symptoms vary depending on which part of the body is affected by a tumour. You could be at risk of the deadly condition if you have this painful sign.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
In conclusion, we have focused on the role of B[a]P contamination in food for cancer risk and the possible molecular mechanism of cancer development, which could provide a way to reduce cancer incidence either by regulatory efforts or modifying food processed technology.
Source: Current Opinion in Food Science - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
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