Medical News Today: What is refeeding?
Refeeding is reintroducing food after a period of malnourishment or starvation. If electrolytes become imbalanced as digestion resumes, a person can develop refeeding syndrome. Symptoms include fatigue and weakness, and treatment involves careful monitoring and intravenous electrolyte replacement. Learn more here.
This study compared the effects of a four-oil LE (30% soybean oil, 30% medium-chain triglycerides, 25% olive oil and 15% fish oil (FO)) (SMOFlipid ®) to those of a 100% soybean oil-based LE in critically ill adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients.MethodsIn this double-blind, randomised study, patients (n=75) predicted to need PN for more than 5 days were randomised to receive either a four-oil LE (Study Group (SG)) or a 100% soybean oil LE (Control Group (CG)).
Conclusions: The caloric and protein intakes in Japanese ICUs were 15 kcal/kg/day and 0.4 g/kg/day, respectively. In addition, critically ill patients might benefit from low caloric intake (less than 10 kcal/kg/day) until day 3 and rehabilitation during ICU stay.Ann Nutr Metab 2019;74:35 –43
Conclusionearly effective nutrition positively affect feeding tolerance and weight gain and maturation of higher brain centers brain.
ntonissen G Abstract A clinical case in Belgium demonstrated that feeding a feed concentrate containing considerable levels of deoxynivalenol (DON, 1.13 mg/kg feed) induced severe liver failure in 2- to 3-month-old beef calves. Symptoms disappeared by replacing the highly contaminated corn and by stimulating ruminal development via roughage administration. A multi-mycotoxin contamination was demonstrated in feed samples collected at 15 different veal farms in Belgium. DON was most prevalent, contaminating 80% of the roughage samples (mixed straw and maize silage; average concentration in positives: 637&thinsp...
The NUTrition Risk in the Critically Ill (NUTRIC) scoring system is a tool useful, discriminating critically-ill patients benefiting from optimal nutrition intake (>80% of prescription). Recent recommendations advocate for withholding artificial nutrition among low-NUTRIC patients, however, we hypothesized that some low-NUTRIC patients would show an association between nutrition intake and outcome.
This study aimed to compare the physical and mental states and the clinical effects of parenteral nutrition combined with enteral nutrition (PN+EN), total enteral nutrition (TEN), and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) after surgery in patients with maxillofacial malignant tumors. Methods. A total of 112 patients were divided into three groups, with 58, 33, and 21 patients in the PN+EN, TPN, and TEN groups, respectively. The psychological survey contained the Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FRS-R), visual analog scale (VAS), numerical rating scale (NRS), Hamilton anxiety rating scale (HAMA), and short-form 36 health survey questio...
Improving extrauterine growth: evaluation of an optimized, standardized neonatal parenteral nutrition protocol, Published online: 07 December 2018; doi:10.1038/s41372-018-0279-4Improving extrauterine growth: evaluation of an optimized, standardized neonatal parenteral nutrition protocol
Conditions: Neonatal Death; Prematurity Intervention: Other: Parenteral nutrition Sponsor: Imperial College London Not yet recruiting
Abstract A fish oil (FO)-containing intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE; FO ILE) has been approved for use in the United States; however, similar formulations have been used throughout Europe and China in intensive care units since the 1990s. This literature review evaluates the evidence regarding the effectiveness of FO ILE on clinical outcomes in the critically ill surgical patient population. The review of available evidence demonstrates that ILEs containing FO lower triglyceride concentrations, inflammatory markers, and liver function enzymes, and improve morbidity and mortality outcomes in critically ill surgical...
Conclusion In this study, a high frequency of IF was found; surgical complications and short bowel syndrome were the main mechanisms involved, and D2 was the most frequent clinical category.