Medical News Today: What is refeeding?
Refeeding is reintroducing food after a period of malnourishment or starvation. If electrolytes become imbalanced as digestion resumes, a person can develop refeeding syndrome. Symptoms include fatigue and weakness, and treatment involves careful monitoring and intravenous electrolyte replacement. Learn more here.
Intestinal failure (IF) is defined as “the reduction of gut function below the minimum necessary for the absorption of macronutrients and/or water and electrolytes, such that intravenous supplementation is required to maintain health and/or growth”. Functionally, it may be classified as type I acute intestinal failure (AIF), type II prolonged AIF and type III chronic intestinal failure (CIF) The ESPEN Workshop on IF was held in Bologna, Italy, on 15-16 October 2017 and the aims of this document were to highlight the current state of the art and future directions for research in IF.
Patients with chronic intestinal failure (CIF) are at risk of altered body composition and impaired muscle function, which may negatively affect clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of body composition and muscle strength in relation to clinical outcome in CIF patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN).
Objectives: To evaluate the epidemiology of hyperammonemia unrelated to liver failure in the critical care setting. Design: Retrospective case series. Setting: Critically ill patients admitted to ICUs at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (medical ICU, two mixed medical-surgical ICUs, coronary care unit, or the cardiosurgical ICU) between July 1, 2004, and October 31, 2015. Patients: Adult critically ill patients with hyperammonemia not related to acute or chronic liver failure. We excluded patients with diagnosis of moderate or severe liver disease, hyperbilirubinemia, and patients who denied the use of their medical r...
Extremes of dysglycaemia as well as glycaemic variability are associated with excess mortality in critically ill patients. Glycaemic variability is an increasingly important measure of glucose control in the intensive care unit (ICU) due to this association; however, there is limited data pertaining to the relationship between exogenous glucose from nutrition and glycaemic variability and clinical outcomes. The primary aim of this study was to determine if glycaemic variability is associated with an increase in mortality.
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) are the most common abdominal surgical conditions in preemies. Associated mortality remains high and long periods of parenteral nutrition (PN) may be required. We assessed the developments in the outcomes of surgically treated NEC and SIP in the two largest Finnish neonatal intensive care units (NICU).
We describe our experience of patients with restorative proctocolectomy who have developed intestinal failure requiring parenteral support. Material and methods This was a retrospective analysis using a database of patients referred to our intestinal failure unit from January 1998 to January 2016. We analysed the records of all those patients who had restorative proctocolectomy who developed intestinal failure. Results A total of 807 patient records were analysed; 35 patients were found to have had a restorative proctocolectomy (13 male and 22 female); 35 patients were found to have had a restorative proctocolectomy and 32...
Repeated central venous catheter loss due to complications, including material breakage, compromises the options to obtain adequate vascular access in home parenteral nutrition (HPN) patients. It remains unclear whether repair of damaged catheters is an effective strategy to extend catheter survival, avoid surgical replacement and maintain venous access. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of catheter repair in our cohort of intestinal failure patients.
Mycoses,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.
ConclusionNeonates undergoing gastrointestinal surgery have a higher incidence of non-IgE mediated gastrointestinal food allergies. We recommend that formula milk should not be administered to newborns who underwent neonatal gastrointestinal surgeries with full-layer invasion of the small intestine.
The implantation of totally implantable venous access ports (TIVAPs) is one of the first procedures surgical residents learn. Complications after implantation procedures have a major impact on patient outcomes, as it may lead to a delay of chemotherapy regimens or of parenteral nutrition. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes after totally implantable venous access ports implantations done by resident and attending surgeons.