Medical News Today: What is refeeding?

Refeeding is reintroducing food after a period of malnourishment or starvation. If electrolytes become imbalanced as digestion resumes, a person can develop refeeding syndrome. Symptoms include fatigue and weakness, and treatment involves careful monitoring and intravenous electrolyte replacement. Learn more here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nutrition / Diet Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Based on few, small and dated studies, with serious methodological limitations, we found limited evidence for a benefit of perioperative nutrition interventions. We rated the quality of evidence as low or very low, which underscores the urgent need for high-quality research studies to better inform nutritional support interventions for people undergoing surgery for bladder cancer. PMID: 31107970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
This study was to compare the effects of parenteral supplementation of methionyl ‐methionine (Met‐Met) or Met on intestinal barrier function in Met‐deficient pregnant mice. Pregnant mice were randomly divided into three groups. The Control group was provided a diet containing Met and received i.p. injection of saline. The Met group was fed the same diet but without Met and received daily i.p. injection of 35% of the Met contained in the control diet. The Met‐Met group was treated the same as the Met group, except that 25% of the Met injected was replaced with Met‐Met. Met‐Met promoted villus surface area in ile...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is used for the intravenous delivery of nutrients to patients who cannot take food orally. However, it is not clear whether PN also negatively impacts cardiac tissue. The present empirical study investigated the cardiac effects of PN in rabbits.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: de Vasconcellos Santos FA, Torres Júnior LG, Wainstein AJA, Drummond-Lage AP Abstract Patients undergoing esophagectomy for cancer are a difficult to treat group of patients. At diagnosis they will present some degree of malnutrition in up to 80% and the causes are from multifactorial origin: the inability of food ingestion, advanced age, taste disturbances, and morbidity related to neoadjuvant treatment. In order to restaure the nutritional status, enteral nutritional support is preferable to parenteral support because of the risks of septic complications associated with venous catheters. During th...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The nutrition needs of patients requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) have not been established in the literature. The purpose of this study is to investigate if current protein recommendations are adequate to achieve nitrogen equilibrium in patients on venovenous ECMO (VV ECMO). METHODS: Patients aged ≥18 years on VV ECMO admitted November 2016 through January 2018 with a documented nitrogen balance (NB) study were included. Patients were stratified by body mass index (BMI) into obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ) and nonobese (BMI
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe characteristics and management approaches for grade B pancreatic fistula (B-POPF) and investigate whether it segregates into distinct subclasses. Background: The 2016 ISGPS refined definition of B-POPF is predicated on various postoperative management approaches, ranging from prolonged drainage to interventional procedures, but the spectrum of clinical severity within this entity is yet undefined. Methods: Pancreatectomies performed at 2 institutions from 2007 to 2016 were reviewed to identify B-POPFs and their treatment strategies. Subclassification of B-POPFs into ...
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conditions:   Cancer of Stomach;   GastroEsophageal Cancer Interventions:   Other: Nutritional counseling alone;   Other: Early supplemental parenteral nutrition plus nutritional counseling Sponsor:   IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION: Despite the good performance of the four developed equations in predicting ASM, the best results came from the equation constituted only by calf circumference, sex, race, and age. This equation allows satisfactory ASM estimation from a single anthropometric measurement. PMID: 31081126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 May 2019Source: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological MethodsAuthor(s): K. Bujold, J. Pfeiffer, J. Fink, R. Malcolmson, S. Authier, J. TepperAbstractIntroductionFor nonclinical drug development, it is optimal if safety pharmacology and toxicology studies are performed in a model that reasonably represents the patient the drug is intended to treat. To simulate prolonged inhalation therapy in ventilated patients, GLP inhalation toxicology methods, including safety pharmacology endpoints, in anesthetized, intubated and mechanically ventilated dogs were developed. This model required...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) have an increased risk for central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), including candidemia. Recently, 7 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLR1, CD58, LCE4A-Clorf68, and TAGAP have been associated with the development of candidemia. Identification of host-genetic as well as clinical risk factors may help to identify patients who have an increased susceptibility to such infections. The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of the reported SNPs in patients receiving HPN, and to explore clinical risk factors ass...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research
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