Medical News Today: Single brain 'switch' controls both sleep and wakefulness

Contrary to current scientific theories, our brains do not use several areas to control sleep and wakefulness, suggests a new study.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Sleep / Sleep Disorders / Insomnia Source Type: news

Related Links:

Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a nurse-led, telemedicine-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) in rural breast cancer survivors (BCSs). SAMPLE & SETTING: 18 BCSs diagnosed with stage I-III breast cancer in the rural western United States. METHODS & VARIABLES: In this prospective, pre-/post-test, quasiexperimental feasibility pilot trial, BCSs attended six weekly sessions of CBTI via Internet videoconference. Feasibility was assessed using recruitment and acceptability of the intervention. Primary outcomes were diary-based sleep efficiency (SE), sleep latency (SL), total sle...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research
[Melatonin: Physiological and pharmacological aspects related to sleep: The interest of a prolonged-release formulation (Circadin®) in insomnia]. Encephale. 2018 Aug 11;: Authors: Quera-Salva MA, Claustrat B Abstract Melatonin is a hormone secreted by the pineal gland. It displays a very marked nycthohemeral rhythm, which is entrained to the light dark cycle. The secretion spreads over 8-10 hours, with a maximum around 3-4 a.m. Melatonin plays the role of an endogenous synchronizer which regulates circadian rhythms, especially the sleep/wake and temperature rhythms. Acute melatonin administrat...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Conditions:   Heart Failure;   Cardiac Failure;   Congestive Heart Failure;   Insomnia;   Sleep Disorder;   Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders;   Disorders of Initiating and Maintaining Sleep;   Anxiety;   Depression Interventions:   Behavioral: Brief treatment for Insomnia;   Behavioral: Sleep Monitoring Sponsor:   Ohio State University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Journal of Sleep Research, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo provide an overview of the mechanistic and epidemiologic evidence linking sleep-related exposures, such as short sleep duration, obstructive sleep apnea, shift work, and insomnia, with type 2 diabetes risk in adults.Recent FindingsBoth poor sleep habits and sleep disorders are highly prevalent among adults with type 2 diabetes. In observational studies, short sleep duration, obstructive sleep apnea, shift work, and insomnia are all associated with higher risk of incident type 2 diabetes and may predict worse outcomes in those with existing diabetes. However, interventional studies addressing sle...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Originally described in 1923 by Pierre Robin, Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is a condition characterized by a triad consisting of micrognathia, glossoptosis and breathing problems due to obstruction of the upper airway [1]. The prevalence of PRS is highly variable and reported to be between 1 in 2000 to 1 in 30,000 [2]. PRS can be found as isolated disease or in association with other syndromes such as Stickler sundrome, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Monosomy 22q11 or DiGeorge Syndrome [3]. Although the strong concurrence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and PRS has been known, no previous study has reported other sleep problems and ...
Source: Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
ConclusionsEDS was common among this relatively young and healthy nurse population in south China. There were clear associations between EDS and depression, anxiety, insomnia, rotating shift work, and low work-related interest. Furthermore, EDS was an independent risk factor in the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) in our subjects.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: EDS was common among this relatively young and healthy nurse population in south China. There were clear associations between EDS and depression, anxiety, insomnia, rotating shift work, and low work-related interest. Furthermore, EDS was an independent risk factor in the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) in our subjects. PMID: 30117085 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is not sufficient evidence for any of the reviewed treatment options. Methodological limitations in a majority of the studies rendered their findings preliminary. Of the twelve investigated pharmacological agents, Gabapentin, Lofexidine, Mirtazapine, Quetiapine, and Zolpidem showed some primary benefits for treatment of sleep difficulties associated with cannabis withdrawal; however, future prospective studies are required to confirm such results. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This review examines the current evidence for potential pharmacological options for treatment of cannabis withdrawal and associate...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research
Abstract Both very low and very high levels of regular physical activity have been associated with degraded sleep quality. Cross-national variations in habitual physical activity levels, therefore, may contribute to cross-national differences in insomnia prevalence. The present study assesses and compares the extent to which weekly durations of moderate-intensity physical activity contribute to insomnia risk. Demographic, sleep, physical activity and general health profiles were obtained from a convenience sample of 9,238 adults drawn from five countries (South Africa, Australia, China, South Korea and the UK) usi...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
More News: Brain | Health | Insomnia | Neurology | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Study