Canonical Wnt pathway gene expression and their clinical correlation in oral squamous cell carcinoma

Conclusion: Wnt3A, β-catenin, and cyclin D1 are recognized as key components of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. However, in this study, there was no significant expression of all the three genes in OSCC. The proto-oncogene c-MYC showed statistically significant upregulation in cancer tissue samples suggesting that the OSCC among South Indian population is primarily not mediated by the canonical Wnt signaling pathway.
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Together, our findings provided the framework of co-expression gene modules of oral squamous cell carcinoma and further understanding of these modules at functional aspect. PMID: 29914011 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cancer Biomarkers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Biomark Source Type: research
Oral cavity cancer is a type of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and contributes to significant morbidity and mortality each year. An epigenetic pathway of transcriptional inactivation for many genes has been described in various cancers, including HNSCC. For our study, we selected genes for which silencing caused by hypermethylation can promote cancer development. In 75 primary HNSCC tumours and paired surgical margins, we investigated the methylation status of the p16, APC, MGMT, TIMP3 and CDH1 gene promoters by methylation-specific PCR after bisulphite treatment. The promoter methylation rates of p16, APC, ...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: Genomic and epigenetic signatures were validated in a larger and geographically separate cohort, from TCGA database, which reinforce their clinical applicability. Noninvasive methodologies for detection of these signatures require further studies before translation in to clinical practice.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Taking into account the previously reported relationship between inflammation and carcinogenesis, and the scant amount of data concerning the role of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in carcinogenesis, we decided to study the process of extracellular trap formation in patients with inflammation as well as in patients with cancer occurring in the same location. For preliminary isolation of neutrophils (PMNs), we used Polymorphprep™, then sorted with Microbeads. The cells were recorded in the incubation chamber with a BD Pathway 855 microscope system. Flow cytometric data (MPO+ neutrophils) were acquired on FACSCa...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: Collectively, our findings outlined a model whereby misregulated miR-31-5p-ACOX1 axis in tumor alters lipid metabolomes, consequently eliciting an intracellular signaling change to enhance cell motility. Our clinical analysis also unveiled PGE2 as a viable salivary biomarker for prognosticating oral cancer progression, further underscoring the importance of lipid metabolism in tumorigenesis.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Contributors : Naohiko Seki ; Takayuki AraiSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensTo identify differentially expressed genes by anti cancer treatments (microRNAs or siRNAs) in human cancer, several cell lines ( pancreatic cancer, renal cell carcinoma, oral squamous cell carcinoma, prostate cancer and bladder cancer) were subjected to Agilent whole genome microarrays.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Cancer Medicine, EarlyView.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present study revealed overexpression of ADAM10 in OSCCs, especially in OSCC with metastasis. These findings suggest that ADAM10 could potentially contribute to metastases of oral cancer. Although, our findings suggest that ADAM10 may be involved in angiogenesis of OSCC, further studies are required to determine the role of ADAM10 in this process. PMID: 29895129 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Polish Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Pol J Pathol Source Type: research
Conclusions Retrograde daily concurrent intra-arterial chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced carcinoma of the mandibular gingiva provided good local control and overall survival rates. This method can become one of the therapeutic options for patients with locally advanced carcinoma of the mandibular gingiva.
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Polymorphic variant XRCC1 HNSCC patients treated with CCRT have significantly increased acute radiation morbidities and may have a trend toward better PFS in comparison with the wild variant. PMID: 29893275 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys Source Type: research
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