Coxsackievirus A24 Variant Associated with Acute Haemorrhagic Conjunctivitis Cases, French Guiana, 2017
We report the full-length genomic sequences of 4 coxsackievirus A24 (CV-A24) isolates collected from AHC patients in French Guiana during this outbreak (May and June 2017). These isolates are very closely related and belong to the genotype IV of CV-A24 variant, which consists of strains sampled worldwide during AHC outbreaks in the 2000s and 2010s. No recombination events were detected within the genomic sequences, indicating that members of this genotype have continuously circulated worldwide for more than 10 years without undergoing recombination with other enteroviruses. This unusual trait could be due to their ocular tropism that could impede genetic exchanges between these viruses and other enteroviruses, which replicate mainly in the gut.Intervirology
Patient Presentation A 3.5-year-old female came to clinic with a 2-day history fever up to 101°F. The evening before she had complained of a sore throat but had no rhinorrhea, cough or rash. She was drinking reasonably well and was urinating frequently. She had been to a birthday party where an older child had had strep throat. The past medical history was positive for Kawasaki Disease diagnosed at 17 months of age and treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) on day 6 of fever. Her echocardiograms had been negative and she was being appropriately monitored by cardiology. The family history was positive for heart...
Authors: Chersich MF, Scorgie F, Rees H, Wright CY PMID: 30004323 [PubMed - in process]
GIDEON what’s new summary: July 12 to July 15, 2018 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (12 updates) 12 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (122 updates) 42 Diseases80 Country notesMap Infectious Diseases – Drugs (22 updates) 1 New Drugs Added20 Drugs1 New Drug Synonyms Added Infectious Diseases – Vaccines (4 updates) 4 Vaccines Microbiology – Bacteria (8 updates) 3 New Bacteria Added3 New Bacteria Synonyms Added2 Microbes – Update The post Update: July 15, 2018 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Due to the clinical significance  and the capability to spread by cross-contamination leading to local outbreaks [2,3]. Hospital Associated-Vancomycin Resistance Enterococcus faecium (HA-VREf) is currently cause of increasing concerns, and was recently included in the seven “ESKAPE” nosocomial bacteria under global surveillance . The HA-VREf originates from a specific Vancomycin Susceptible E. faecium (VSEf) subpopulation, characterized by Ampicillin Resistance (HA-AREf) [2,5] and the carriage of IS16  insertion sequence which allows an enhanced genetic plast icity and an easier acquisition of mobile g...
ConclusionThis report describes cross-transmission ofMycobacterium tuberculosis from non-citizens MOHA to Israeli citizens who were residents of a nursing home, which may be the first sign for an epidemiological shift. Although cross-ethnical transmission is still rare in Israel, medical settings should employ efficient infection control measures to protect both patients and staff fromMycobacterium tuberculosis.
West Nile Virus (WNV) is mosquito-borne virus that is endemic in Israel. In 2015, national disease surveillance demonstrated a sharp increase in disease cases, with 149 cases diagnosed.
Slovakia is well-known for tick-borne encephalitis alimentary (TBE) outbreaks in Europe for a long time. Since the first known and largest TBE alimentary outbreak in 1951 (at territory of Slovakia) until today, none of the European countries report a comparable number of TBE alimentary outbreaks with probable and laboratory confirmed food transmission factor as Slovakia.
Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) is an emerging pathogen causes life-threatening infections in cystic fibrosis patients. This narrative review aims to highlight an update on the epidemiology, the microbiological diagnostic methods, the antimicrobial resistance mechanisms, and the most current as well the promising therapeutic options for Bcc.Although Bcc plays a role in crop growth due to its fungicidal activity and pesticide metabolizer, it has been frequently implicated in outbreaks in the United States and Worldwide due to contaminated medicines or medical devices.
ConclusionsInfection preventionists are well placed to act as major drivers of change based on their expertise and experience in the management of infection risk across facilities and health systems. They, along with clinicians responsible for probe use and reprocessing, should review practices relating to ultrasound in their facilities. Where practice does not comply with guidelines, policy and training should be updated to ensure patient safety.
Oh crab. Contaminated crab meat from Venezuela may be the source of a Vibrio parahaemolyticus outbreak that has so far affected 4 states. This is what to do.