Dietary fat, saturated fatty acid, and monounsaturated fatty acid intakes and risk of bone fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

AbstractTotal dietary fat intake might influence the risk of fracture; however, conflicting findings have been reported to date. Moreover, the type of fatty acids is also of vital importance. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive review of the literature on the association between dietary fat intake, saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), and the risk of fracture. PubMed and Scopus were used to conduct a comprehensive search for articles published up to 7 January 2018. To pool effect sizes, random effects models (the DerSimonian-Laird method) were applied. The CochraneQ test was used to trace the source of between-study heterogeneity. Six studies met inclusion criteria for meta-analysis. We found no significant association between total dietary fat intake and risk of fracture (pooled effect size 1.31, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.95 –1.79,P = 0.09). A significant positive association was observed between SFA intake and the risk of hip fracture (pooled effect size 1.79, 95% CI 1.05–3.03,P = 0.03). There was also a significant positive association between MUFAs derived from animal sources and the risk of fracture (pooled effect size 2.29, 95% CI 1.50–3.50,P 
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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AbstractSummaryWe found that the MRI T2* value is moderately negatively correlated with the bone mineral density assessed with quantitative computed tomography in evaluating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and may have some potential in assessing severity of lumbar osteoporosis for scientific research.PurposeTo investigate the T2* quantitative measurement in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its correlation with the bone mineral density (BMD) values evaluated with quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in women with postmenopausal lumbar vertebrae osteoporosis.Materials and methodsEighty-seven postmenopausal women ...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionOur simulations indicate that up to 50% reduction in radiation dose through sparse sampling can be used for FE-based prediction of femoral failure load. Sparse-sampled MDCT may allow fracture risk prediction and treatment monitoring in osteoporosis with less radiation exposure in the future.
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundOsteoporosis is the most common condition contributing to 95% of fractures in older patients hospitalized for fracture treatment. Despite the significant impact of fragility fractures on patient morbidity and mortality, efforts in optimizing osteoporotic treatment and prevention remain inadequate. In contrast, in patients with limited life expectancy, withholding specific osteoporosis drug treatment appears reasonable. The threshold between under- and overtreatment is still unclear.MethodsIn 2016, we implemented a fracture liaison service (FLS) for 18  months to improve the quality of osteoporosis ca...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review updates readers on recent developments in the assessment of cortical bone fragility in vivo. The review explains the clinical need that motivated the development of Cortical Bone Mechanics Technology ™ (CBMT) as a scientific instrument, its unique capabilities, and its necessary further development as a medical device.Recent FindingsClinical experience with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry has led to calls for new clinical methods for assessing bone health. CBMT is a noninvasive, dynamic 3-point bending test that makes direct, functional measurements of the mechanical properties o...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ABSTRACTVitamin D (VitD) is commonly prescribed to normalise deficiencies and to treat osteoporosis. However, the effect VitD supplements have on skeletal muscle health is equivocal. While VitD is known to play a role in the various processes that maintain muscle integrity and function, recent studies utilising high bolus dose VitD supplementation has demonstrated an increased risk of falls. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of high VitD supplementation on skeletal muscle function with and without exercise enrichment. Four ‐week old C57BL/10 mice (n = 48) were separated into either norm...
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Updated guidance for osteoporosis now includes a recommendation for the use of romosozumab, but only in severe osteoporosis and not in women with a history of myocardial infarction or stroke.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
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