Pneumococcal Vaccination (Pneumonia Vaccine)

Title: Pneumococcal Vaccination (Pneumonia Vaccine)Category: Procedures and TestsCreated: 4/12/1999 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 6/11/2018 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet Lungs General - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: news

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Authors: Feldman C, Shaddock E Abstract INTRODUCTION: Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are the leading infectious disease cause of death in the world and the fifth overall cause of death. From an epidemiological point of view, most consider pneumonia, influenza, bronchitis (including acute exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [AECOPD]), and bronchiolitis to be the most important LRTIs. Areas covered: This review will describe the epidemiology of LRTIs in adults focusing on community-acquired pneumonia, influenza, and AECOPD, utilizing data from the more recent literature. Expert commenta...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
(CNN) — Most US adults have not gotten a flu shot this season, according to a new survey from NORC, a research organization at the University of Chicago. As of mid-November, only 43% of surveyed people 18 or older said they had gotten vaccinated against the flu, according to NORC, which has conducted the National Immunization Survey for the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention since 2005. Another 14% who remain unvaccinated claim that they will get the shot, the survey indicates. Even if they do as they intend, that leaves considerably more than a third of adults (41%) who have not — and will not &mdas...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Flu Flu Shot Local TV Source Type: news
Community-acquired pneumonia is a leading infectious cause of hospitalization. A few vaccines exist to prevent pneumococcal disease in adults, including a pneumococcal polysaccharide unconjugated vaccine and a...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Background: The synthetic control model is a powerful tool to quantify the population-level impact of vaccines because it can adjust for trends unrelated to vaccination using a composite of control diseases. Because vaccine impact studies are often conducted using smaller, subnational datasets, we evaluated the performance of synthetic control models with sparse time series data. To obtain more robust estimates of vaccine impacts from noisy time series, we proposed a possible alternative approach, STL+PCA method (seasonal-trend decomposition plus principal component analysis), which first extracts smoothed trends from th...
Source: Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Abstract BACKGROUND: We studied the impact of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) on the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and serotype distribution in a region with intermediate levels of vaccination (around 64% in children aged
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Introduction:Multiple myeloma (MM) is associated with end organ damage that negatively impacts the quality of life (QOL)and supportive care has a potential to improve symptoms.Methods:After detailed search on Pubmed, Cochrane, Embase and Clinical Trials.gov, we finalized total 36 articles on supportive care published after 2004.Results:Management of skeletal events: Mhaskar et al. (2017, n=3257) compared bisphosphonates (BPs) with placebo (PBO) in preventing pathological vertebral fractures, skeletal-related events (SRE), reported risk ratio (RR) of 0.74 in each; 95% CI 0.62-0.89 and 0.63-0.88 respectively. Both zoledronic...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 653. Myeloma: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster I Source Type: research
Conclusions: The intervention program included: The creation of cooperation at several levels, medical, nursing and pharmacological that created cooperation between the medical center and the outpatient community clinics which led to the creation of a system that ensures that the patient will be vaccinated prior to starting immunosuppressive therapy. As a result of the intervention at the Institute and the data that was examined over 3 years, there has been a significant decrease in the rate of hospitalizations of patients due to pneumonia or sepsis.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 904. Outcomes Research-Malignant Conditions Source Type: research
IntroductionThe incidence of invasive pneumococcal infections in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) decreased after introduction of penicillin prophylaxis and pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). However, the decrease in pneumococcal infections alone may not necessarily mean an overall decrease in severe bacterial infections (SBI). In a previous publication, we reported a 0.4 % prevalence of pneumococcal bacteremia following introduction of PCV 13. In the current study, we aimed to define the prevalence of SBI and hospitalization in febrile patients in the same cohort in the later years.MethodsWe performed a retrospe...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 114. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia-Clinical: Poster III Source Type: research
Conclusions: To our knowledge this is the first attempt to aggregate IPD serotype data across West Africa. While the majority of serotypes identified are included in PCV13, two serotypes exclusive to PPSV23 (2 and 12F) together accounted for 8.1% of the total IPD burden. Moreover, in some countries, the proportion of strains included in PPSV23 and not PCV13 is higher. Immunizing persons with SCD in West Africa with PPSV23 therefore may be warranted to optimize protection from IPD. Furthermore, as PCV13 vaccination coverage increases, it is possible that the epidemiology of IPD may shift to more strains exclusively covered ...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 114. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia-Clinical: Poster III Source Type: research
This study found that, in particular, the participants' cultural associations and stereotypes of hospitals and clinics and health care providers' lack of perceived need to vaccinate older adults contributed to low vaccine acceptance among the participants. PMID: 30462212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research
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