Voxel-based morphometry analysis of structural brain scans in skin-picking disorder

Skin-picking disorder (SPD) is characterized by the excessive and repetitive manipulation of one's own skin resulting in tissue damage and impaired social functioning. There are only a few studies with small sample sizes that examined possible brain abnormalities in SPD, which is classified as a syndrome related to obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD).
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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l M Abstract BACKGROUND.: Compulsivity can be seen across various mental health conditions and refers to a tendency toward repetitive habitual acts that are persistent and functionally impairing. Compulsivity involves dysfunctional reward-related circuitry and is thought to be significantly heritable. Despite this, its measurement from a transdiagnostic perspective has received only scant research attention. Here we examine both the psychometric properties of a recently developed compulsivity scale, as well as its relationship with compulsive symptoms, familial risk, and reward-related attentional capture. ME...
Source: CNS Spectrums - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: CNS Spectr Source Type: research
Limbic cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical functional connectivity in drug-naïve patients of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychol Med. 2019 Oct 23;:1-13 Authors: Zhao Q, Xu T, Wang Y, Chen D, Liu Q, Yang Z, Wang Z Abstract BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) remains unclear despite extensive neuroimaging work on the disorder. Exposure to medication and comorbid mental disorders can confound the results of OCD studies. The goal of this study was to explore differences in brain functional connectivity (FC) within the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) loop of ...
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Wanting Liu, Jun Gan, Jie Fan, Hong Zheng, Sihui Li, Raymond C.K. Chan, Changlian Tan, Xiongzhao ZhuAbstractPoor insight in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with several adverse clinical outcomes. However, the neurobiological basis of this insight deficit is not clearly understood. The present study thus aimed to investigate associations of cortical thickness, cortical surface area and subcortical volumes with insight in a sample of drug-naïve adults with OCD. Forty-seven OCD patients and 42 healthy controls (HCs)...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Gupta A, Khanna S, Jain R Abstract The main objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ventral striatum (VS) of the anterior limb of internal capsule for patients suffering from refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and to compare its result with traditional anterior capsulotomy. The present study consisted of two patients subjected to stimulation of ventral capsule (VC)/VS region of internal capsule for refractory OCD. Leads were implanted on both sides stereotactically using fused images of magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography scan...
Source: Indian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Indian J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Lv D, Ou Y, Chen Y, Yang R, Zhong Z, Jia C, Sun L, Wang Y, Zhang G, Sun Z, Wang W, Wang Y, Wang X, Guo W, Li P Abstract Abnormalities of the cerebellum and default-mode network (DMN) in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been widely reported. However, alterations of reciprocal functional connections between the cerebellum and DMN at rest in OCD remain unclear. Forty patients with OCD and 38 gender-, age-, and education-matched healthy controls (HCs) underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scan. Seed-based functional connectivity (FC) and support vector machine (SVM...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings are important because they identify experiential avoidance as a potential key explanatory construct in accounting for the development of OCD and suicidal experiences. However, future research using longitudinal and/or experimental designs is needed to infer causality. PMID: 31553082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results provide evidence that the impaired cognitive flexibility of OCD may be associated with dysfunctions of the brain network from the dorsal caudate (DC) to important nodes of the salience network. Our results extend the neuropsychological model of OCD by showing intrinsically different associations between OCD and HC in functional network and cognitive flexibility.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: BAC causes hypoactivity in the paraterminal gyri and is the most likely explanation for its tristolytic effect, suggesting that the paraterminal gyrus is the limbic cortical locus for the emotion of sadness. Increased activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortices may be occurring via connectional diaschisis, and suppression by overactive paraterminal gyri during depression may account for some of the neurocognitive deficits observed during depressive episodes. PMID: 31518505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Felipe da Silva RM, Batistuzzo MC, Shavitt RG, Miguel EC, Stern E, Mezger E, Padberg F, D'Urso G, Brunoni AR Abstract INTRODUCTION: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation intervention that has been investigated for several psychiatric disorders, including Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). As there are several candidate brain regions for targeting OCD relevant networks, clinical studies using tDCS have considerably varied in terms of the electrode montages used. Computer modeling of electric field currents induced by tDCS can help guiding the research of relevant ...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study found overlapping higher ReHo values in the right DLPFC of OCD patients and their unaffected siblings. Our results suggest that the higher ReHo in the right DLPFC may be a potential neuroimaging endophenotype, which may reflect an increased genetic risk of OCD.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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