Medical News Today: Everything you need to know about aspiration pneumonia
Aspiration pneumonia is an infection that may occur if a person breathes something in instead of swallowing it. The germs from food particles, saliva, vomit, or other substances may infect the airways and lead to aspiration pneumonia. In this article, learn more about the treatment and complications.
ConclusionsFrailty, as indicated by frailty index, was associated with major respiratory complications, particularly respiratory failure after tracheobronchoplasty. Preoperative identification of frailty may help guide decision making for patients considering this effective, although arduous procedure.
Publication date: September 2018Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 106, Issue 3Author(s): Tammy Ju, Lisbi Rivas, Babak SaraniPleural space or chest wall infection is a contraindication to surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) because of the risk of hardware infection. However, the exact degree of risk is uncertain. SSRF is associated with a decreased need for mechanical ventilation and pneumonia. This case report describes a patient with polytrauma and Candida colonization of the mediastinum who successfully underwent SSRF.
ConclusionsVPX resulted in improved outcomes and savings that far offset the cost of the device, suggesting that replacing SET with VPX is overall beneficial. Findings were robust to extreme values of key variables.
Conclusion: In patients admitted to non-ICU hospital wards for CAP, there was no difference in clinical outcomes between β-lactam, β-lactam and macrolide combination, and fluoroquinolone regimens. PMID: 30119147 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: It is one of the basic tasks to take appropriate measures to prevent outbreaks of hospital infections. It is possible to prevent an outbreak of hospital infections only by the accurate analysis of data and establishing strict infection control procedures.
AbstractA seven-months-old girl under treatment for pneumonia presented with generalized edema, decreased urinary output and was found to have hypertension, muco-cutaneous fungal infection and pulmonary hypertension. Investigations revealed that she had heavy proteinuria, hypertriglyceridemia, hypoalbuminemia and elevated levels of free T3 and T4 with suppression of TSH levels in the serum. A diagnosis of autoimmune thyroiditis (AT) in thyrotoxic phase was made on the basis of clinical presentation and presence of anti-TPO antibodies and reduced uptake in thyroid (technetium) scintigraphy. The child responded to carbimazol...
Authors: Cao J, Gao S, Chen J, Zhu B, Min R, Wang P Abstract The present study prepared 2 types of DNA diagnostic chips based on 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and 18S-28S rDNA, and evaluated their values in the detection of pathogens in intracranial bacterial/fungal infections. A total of 14 probes of bacteria (Klebsiella pneumonia, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenza, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Neisseria meningitidis, Enterobacter spp., Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumonia and coagulase...
Authors: Dong Y, Lv W, Lin Z Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.3892/etm.2017.4654.]. PMID: 30116356 [PubMed - in process]
We describe another case of delirium associated with levofloxacin in an elderly patient who was hospitalized in our medical ward for pneumonia. The present case and the other cases previously reported should raise the awareness of physicians to this serious, underestimated, and underdiagnosed adverse effect of a commonly used antibiotic, levofloxacin. PMID: 30116444 [PubMed]
Abstract Pneumonia is a common cause of respiratory infection, accounting for more than 800,000 hospitalizations in the United States annually. Presenting symptoms of pneumonia are typically cough, pleuritic chest pain, fever, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Children and the elderly have different presenting features of pneumonia, which include headache, nausea, abdominal pain, and absence of one or more of the prototypical symptoms. Knowledge of local bacterial pathogens and their antibiotic susceptibility and resistance profiles is the key for effective pharmacologic selection and treatment of pneumonia. PMI...