Spinal Cord Injury: How Could Acupuncture Help?

Publication date: Available online 30 May 2018 Source:Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies Author(s): Qianqian Fan, Omer Cavus, Lize Xiong, Yun Xia Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, and it can result in both permanent disability and serial complications in patients. Research shows that patients with SCI complications are often interested in acupuncture for symptomatic relief. Therefore, the issue of physicians advising their patients regarding the use of acupuncture to alleviate SCI complications becomes pertinent. We review and summarize two types of relevant publications: (1) literature concerning acupuncture for SCI and its complications and (2) underlying mechanisms of acupuncture therapy for SCI. Clinical trials and reviews have suggested that acupuncture effectively manages a range of post-SCI complications, including motor and sensory dysfunction, pain, neurogenic bowel and bladder, pressure ulcers, spasticity, and osteoporosis. The effect of acupuncture on post-SCI orthostatic hypotension and sexual dysfunction remains unclear. Decreased oxidative stress, inhibition of inflammation and neuronal apoptosis, regulation of the expression and activity of endogenous biological mediators, and increased regenerative stem cell production are the possible mechanisms of acupuncture therapy for SCI. Although many limitations have been reported in previous studies, given the evidence for the efficacy of acupuncture...
Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Related Links:

No abstract available
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Topical Review Source Type: research
Numerous studies have examined how alexithymia (difficulty identifying and describing one's emotions and a preference for externally oriented thinking) relates to chronic pain and associated disability. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize individual studies that either assessed alexithymia in individuals with chronic pain vs controls or related alexithymia to pain intensity, physical interference, depression, and anxiety. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO from inception through June 2017; 77 studies met the criteria (valid assessment of alexithymia in adults or children with any chronic ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is the most common of a group of rare diseases known by the term, “Neurofibromatosis,” affecting 1 in 3000 to 4000 people. NF1 patients present with, among other disease complications, café au lait patches, skin fold freckling, Lisch nodules, orthopedic complications, cutaneous neurofibromas, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, cognitive impairment, and chronic pain. Although NF1 patients inevitably express pain as a debilitating symptom of the disease, not much is known about its manifestation in the NF1 disease, with most current information coming from sporadic cas...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research
Inhibitory pain modulation has been reported to be deficient in adults across different types of chronic pain, including migraine. To determine whether a similar phenomenon occurs in youth, we performed a quantitative sensory testing investigation in adolescents with migraine (N = 19). These patients were compared to healthy adolescents with (Fam-His; N = 20) or without (Healthy; N = 29) a family history of migraine (eg, first-degree relative with migraine). Subjects were first familiarized with the stimuli and visual analogue rating scales using graded noxious stimuli (0°C, 43-49°C range). These data were used to ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Persistent pain after lumbar surgery (failed back surgery syndrome [FBSS]) remains a leading indication for chronic analgesia. However, no analgesics have proven efficacious for this condition. Although trials have evaluated gabapentinoids for chronic low back pain, none of these trials focused solely on FBSS. This randomized, double-blind cross-over trial evaluated the efficacy of gabapentin (1800 mg/day) for FBSS. Eligible patients had a diagnosis of FBBS, an average daily pain score of at least 4 of 10, a neuropathic pain component (indicated by the PainDetect), and reported at least half of their pain radiating in thei...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative autoimmune disease with many known structural and functional changes in the central nervous system. A well-recognized, but poorly understood, complication of MS is chronic pain. Little is known regarding the influence of sex on the development and maintenance of MS-related pain. This is important to consider, as MS is a predominantly female disease. Using the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mouse model of MS, we demonstrate sex differences in measures of spinal cord inflammation and plasticity that accompany tactile hypersensitivity. Although we observed substa...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is one of the most common, debilitating, and difficult symptoms to manage after a traumatic head injury. Although the mechanisms underlying PTH remain elusive, recent studies in rodent models suggest the potential involvement of calcitonin gene–related peptide (CGRP), a mediator of neurogenic inflammation, and the ensuing activation of meningeal mast cells (MCs), proalgesic resident immune cells that can lead to the activation of the headache pain pathway. Here, we investigated the relative contribution of MCs to the development of PTH-like pain behaviors in a model of mild closed-head i...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
The taste of sucrose is commonly used to provide pain relief in newborn humans and is innately analgesic to neonatal rodents. In adulthood, sucrose remains a strong motivator to feed, even in potentially hazardous circumstances (ie, threat of tissue damage). However, the neurobiological mechanisms of this endogenous reward–pain interaction are unclear. We have developed a simple model of sucrose drinking–induced analgesia in Sprague–Dawley rats (6-10 weeks old) and have undertaken a behavioral and pharmacological characterization using the Hargreaves' test of hind-paw thermal sensitivity. Our results reve...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2018Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian StudiesAuthor(s): Qianqian Fan, Omer Cavus, Lize Xiong, Yun XiaAbstractSpinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, and it can result in both permanent disability and serial complications in patients. Research shows that patients with SCI complications are often interested in acupuncture for symptomatic relief. Therefore, the issue of physicians advising their patients regarding the use of acupuncture to alleviate SCI complications becomes pertinent. We review and summarize two types of ...
Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
More News: Acupuncture | Back Pain | Brain | Clinical Trials | Disability | Neurology | Orthopaedics | Osteoporosis | Pain | Pressure Sores | Sexual Dysfunction | Spinal Cord Injury | Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cells | Study