Adherence to thyroid hormone replacement therapy: a retrospective, claims database analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: This large, retrospective real-world study demonstrated that adherence to levothyroxine remains a concern among patients with hypothyroidism and that differences in adherence may exist across levothyroxine formulations. PMID: 29874941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research

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We investigated the risk of thyroid disorders, namely hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis and thyroiditis, in head and neck cancer patients undergoing multimodal treatment.
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn our sample of 11 Caucasian patients with thyroid dysfunction related with anti-PD1, we found low frequency of ATA positive titers, comparable to other recent reports in others ethnicities, which could suggest that silent thyroiditis due to pembrolizumab or nivolumab has a different pathogenesis from the classical autoimmune spontaneous thyroiditis. Further investigations are required to completely understand the immune mechanisms involved.
Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Vargas-Uricoechea H, Pinzón-Fernández MV, Bastidas-Sánchez BE, Jojoa-Tobar E, Ramírez-Bejarano LE, Murillo-Palacios J Abstract Iodine deficiency and iodine excess have severe consequences on human health and have been associated with the presence of goiter, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules and thyroid autoimmunity, poor mental health, and impaired intellectual development. Universal salt iodization programs have been considered one of the most cost-effective interventions for the prevention of iodine deficiency-associated disorders, as evidenced o...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research
Horm Metab Res 2019; 51: 296-301 DOI: 10.1055/a-0856-1044Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) is the most prevalent autoimmune disorder characterized by the destruction of thyroid cells caused by leukocytes and antibody-mediated immune processes accompanied by hypothyroidism. In recent years, evidence has emerged pointing to various roles for vitamin D, including, proliferation and differentiation of normal and cancer cells, cardiovascular function, and immunomodulation. Vitamin D deficiency has been especially demonstrated in HT patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamin D on circulating thyroi...
Source: Hormone and Metabolic Research - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endocrine Care Source Type: research
Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related death. The prevalence of colorectal neoplasm is increasing. Many studies have shown that thyroid dysfunction may be connected with the higher risk of pancreatic and breast cancer, but only a few described the role of thyroid dysfunction and thyroid hormone (TH) replacement in the development and risk of CRC. The aim of this study is to summarise all findings and potentially elucidate the connection between TH imbalance and colorectal cancer. The systematic review was conducted according to PICO and PRISMA guidelines. We searched MEDLINE...
Source: Endokrynologia Polska - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endokrynol Pol Source Type: research
Adjuvant radioiodine therapy (RITh) for differentiated thyroid carcinoma is performed either with thyroid hormone withdrawal or with administration of recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone (rhTSH). Heterogeneous results have been obtained on the impact of the method of patient preparation on thyroid uptake and whole-body effective half-life. A higher radiation exposure using thyroid hormone withdrawal for several weeks compared with rhTSH was reported in prior studies. It was the aim to examine whether these findings are reproducible in a modern protocol with a short interval between surgery and RITh. Methods: A re...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Source Type: research
Hui Zhou, Xiaoyan Fu, Qian Li and Ting Niu* Department of Hematology and Research Laboratory of Hematology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China Background: Immune checkpoint inhibition therapy with monoclonal antibody against programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), including nivolumab and pembrolizumab, has demonstrated powerful clinical efficacy in the treatment of advanced cancers. However, there is no evidence-based systematic review on the safety and efficacy of anti-PD-1 antibody in treating lymphoma. Methods: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of nivolumab/pembrolizumab, we analyzed clin...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Maunil K. Desai1 and Roberta Diaz Brinton2,3* 1School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States 2Center for Innovation in Brain Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States 3Departments of Pharmacology and Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States Women have a higher incidence and prevalence of autoimmune diseases than men, and 85% or more patients of multiple autoimmune diseases are female. Women undergo sweeping endocrinological changes at least twice during their lifetime, puberty and menopause, with many women undergoin...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Roser Calvo* Patient Safety, Safety Science, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Gaithersburg, MD, United States Immune-related hematological adverse events are amongst the rare but potentially life-threatening complications of immune checkpoint inhibitors. The spectrum of these toxicities is broadening as the number of patients exposed to these agents is increasing. Yet, they are still relatively unknown to many clinicians, possibly due to a lack of specific diagnostic criteria, which poses a challenge for their recognition and proper reporting, and partly due to their low incidence, often too low to be noted in most c...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract.Changes in thyroid function and thyroid function tests occur in patients with β-thalassemia major (TM). The frequency of hypothyroidism in TM patients ranges from 4% to 29 % in different reports. The wide variation has been attributed to several factors such as patients'genotype, age, ethnic variations, treatment protocols of transfusions and chelation, and varying compliance to treatment. Hypothyroidism is the result of primary gland failure or insufficient thy ­roid gland stimulation by the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. The main laboratory parameters of thyroid function are the assessments of serum t...
Source: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
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