Frontline health workers and exclusive breastfeeding guidelines in an HIV endemic South African community: a qualitative exploration of policy translation

Mothers rely heavily on health worker advice to make infant feeding decisions. Confusing or misleading advice can lead to suboptimal feeding practices. From 2001, HIV positive mothers in South Africa were coun...
Source: International Breastfeeding Journal - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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AbstractHydatid cyst (echinococcosis) is an endemic parasitic disease, usually encountered in those dealing with agriculture and livestock. The most frequently affected organs are the liver and the lungs. The disease is very rarely encountered in soft tissues. Diagnosing a soft-tissue hydatid cyst may be challenging unless the mass possesses the characteristic features of a hydatid cyst. Soft-tissue hydatid cysts may be treated percutaneously, just like those encountered in the liver. In this case report, we present the radiological findings and modified percutaneous aspiration –injection–reaspiration (PAIR) tr...
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2018Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Sakib Burza, Simon L Croft, Marleen BoelaertSummaryLeishmaniasis is a poverty-related disease with two main clinical forms: visceral leishmaniasis and cutaneous leishmaniasis. An estimated 0·7–1 million new cases of leishmaniasis per year are reported from nearly 100 endemic countries. The number of reported visceral leishmaniasis cases has decreased substantially in the past decade as a result of better access to diagnosis and treatment and more intense vector control within an elimination initiative in Asia, although natural cycles...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsSacroiliitis with secondary psoas abscess is an unusual cause of hip pain and is likely to be overlooked since joint pain of the lower extremity and lumbar pain are some of the most common complaints in older individuals. A high level of suspicion and invasive diagnostic procedures are needed for timely diagnosis of tuberculous sacroiliitis not only in immunocompromised patients living in or originating from endemic areas.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionHydatid cyst of the thigh is a very rare parasitic manifestation presenting as a painless swelling, diagnosed typically by MRI and managed with en bloc resection.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Influenza viruses A and B are important human respiratory pathogens causing seasonal, endemic and pandemic infections in several parts of the globe with high morbidity and considerable mortality. The current inactivated and live attenuated vaccines are not effective. Therefore, it is of interest to design universal influenza virus vaccines with high efficacy. The peptide GQSVVSVKLAGNSSL of pandemic influenza, the peptide DKTSVTLAGNSSLCS of seasonal influenza and the peptide DILLKFSPTEITAPT of influenza B were identified as potential linear cell mediated epitopes. The epitopes predicted by BepiPred (B-cell...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a devastating infection in tuberculosis endemic areas with limited access to intensive care. Functional outcomes of severe adult TBM patients admitted to the ICU in nonendemic a...
Source: Critical Care - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This study assessed the influence of physical characteristics of houses and surroun...
Source: Malaria Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe found PTB specially clustered in south-western Zhaotong. The strong associated factors influencing the PTB spatial cluster including: the history of chronic bronchitis, living in the urban area, smoking and the use of coal as the main fuel for cooking and heating. Therefore, efforts should be made to curtail these associated factors.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study assessed the prevalence, intensi...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2018Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Marina Voinson, Alexandra Alvergne, Sylvain Billiard, Charline SmadiAbstractMost emerging human infectious diseases have an animal origin. While zoonotic diseases originate from a reservoir, most theoretical studies have principally focused on single-host processes, either exclusively humans or exclusively animals, without considering the importance of animal to human transmission (i.e. spillover transmission) for understanding the dynamics of emerging infectious diseases. Here we aim to investigate the importance of spillover...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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