Frontline health workers and exclusive breastfeeding guidelines in an HIV endemic South African community: a qualitative exploration of policy translation

Mothers rely heavily on health worker advice to make infant feeding decisions. Confusing or misleading advice can lead to suboptimal feeding practices. From 2001, HIV positive mothers in South Africa were coun...
Source: International Breastfeeding Journal - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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[PR Newswire] Geneva and Seattle -PATH and Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) announce a 5-year, jointly-led initiative, VivAccess, to support countries in the elimination of Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) malaria. The initiative is part of the larger global effort to support malaria-endemic countries in the adoption and use of new and existing tools, to facilitate well-tolerated and effective radical cure to prevent relapse. VivAccess's work is funded by the Bill&Melinda Gates Foundation.
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
(Far Eastern Federal University) Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) scientists teamed up with colleagues from the UK and Mauritius and experimentally demonstrated that extracts of the endemic (i.e. growing only on this island) medicinal herb leaves Acalypha integrifolia, Eugenia tinifolia, and Labourdonnaisia glauca stop the proliferation of esophageal squamous carcinoma cells, ones of the most deadly cancer type worldwide. A related article is published in the Acta Naturae journal.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
This study was aimed ...
Source: Malaria Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsCommunity based adult-TAS provided a reproducible measure of persistentW.bancrofti infection in a large evaluation unit in Sri Lanka that has low-level persistence of LF following multiple rounds of MDA. In addition, adult-TAS and MX results illustrate the focality of persistent LF in this setting. Adult-TAS may be more sensitive than school-TAS for this purpose. Adult-TAS and MX are potential options for post-MDA and post-validation surveillance programs to identify problem areas that require mop-up activities. Adult-TAS should also be useful for remapping areas with uncertain LF endemicity for possible inclusi...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, high survival and maturation rates were achieved after vitrification of immature Ban oocytes and their cryo‚Äźtolerance was similar to that of Landrace × Large white oocytes, despite the difference in lipid content. We succeeded to generate reasonable rates of blastocysts from vitrified Ban oocytes by in vitro fertilization.
Source: Animal Science Journal - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 April 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Faegheh Farhadi, Saba Soltani, Satar Saberi, Mehrdad IranshahiAbstractFerula ovina (Boiss.) Boiss is one of the most important endemic medicinal plants in Iran, which has three main terpenoid compounds including ferutinin, stylosin and tschimgine. Ferutinin is the strongest natural phytoestrogen that has agonistic activity on estrogen receptors, particularly α-receptors. To determine the amount of ferutinin in F. ovina roots, we firstly used HPLC-UV method. In the HPLC method, the resolution of ferutini...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Sofizadeh A, Hanafi-Bojd AA, Shoraka HR Abstract Background &objectives: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is among the most endemic zoonotic diseases in Golestan Province of Iran. The aim of this study was to find the high risk areas of this infection by considering the distribution of reservoirs and human infection. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted, in which Rhombomys opimus (Gerbils) were captured from different collection sites across the Golestan Province, Iran. records about the occurrence of Rh. opimus in the Province was obtained from earlier studies and were gathered in ...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Vector Borne Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Kadian K, Vijay S, Rawal R, Singh J, Anvikar A, Pande V, Sharma A Abstract Background &objectives: Plasmodium parasite harbours unique methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathway which is obligatory for the biosynthesis of isoprenoids. In malaria parasites, the isoprenoids are indispensable during hepatic, erythrocytic and gametocytic stages. Owing to the criticality of MEP pathway and the potential of its enzymes to act as antimalarial drug target, this study comprehensively investigated the genetic diversity and structural composition of 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol kinase (IspE), fourth en...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Vector Borne Dis Source Type: research
Fogo Selvagem (FS) is a lethal skin disease mediated by pathogenic IgG4 autoantibodies to desmoglein-1 (Dsg1). FS is prevalent in certain regions of Brazil, where Leishmaniasis and Chagas disease are endemic. Normal individuals and leishmaniasis patients from these regions possess non-pathogenic anti-Dsg1 antibodies. They are chronically exposed to bites of the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis (LL), which elicits an IgG response to LL salivary proteins LJM17 and LJM11 and could contribute to the development of FS.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Adaptive and Auto-Immunity Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data show for the first time the presence of TBEV in ticks and the related sero-reactivity in goats, confirming the presence of TBEV in the environment of the Canton of Ticino. Further surveillance studies will have to be conducted to follow the persistence of TBEV in this region.
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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