Frontline health workers and exclusive breastfeeding guidelines in an HIV endemic South African community: a qualitative exploration of policy translation

Mothers rely heavily on health worker advice to make infant feeding decisions. Confusing or misleading advice can lead to suboptimal feeding practices. From 2001, HIV positive mothers in South Africa were coun...
Source: International Breastfeeding Journal - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 21 October 2018Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Fahad Al Basir, Arnab Banerjee, Santanu RayAbstractControl of pest attack is an important aspect in agriculture to obtain healthy crop as well as high yield. Farming awareness is also equally important in pest management. Awareness campaign are made for making people aware of damages due to the pest and protect the crop from pests which ultimately leads to high crop yield. In this article, a mathematical model is proposed to study the effect of awareness among the people in crop pest management using plant biomass, pest and a...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2018Source: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, Volume 81Author(s): Tianpeng Yin, Yan Shu, Ruifeng Mei, Jiapeng Wang, Le Cai, Zhongtao DingAbstractIn Aconitum, diterpenoid alkaloids have been acknowledged as of chemotaxonomic significance. Aconitum taronense Fletcher et Lauener (Ranunculaceae) is a medicinal plant endemic to Yunnan Province of China. In the present study, seventeen alkaloids, including fifteen aconitine-type (1–15) and two franchetine-type C19-diterpenoid alkaloids (16–17), were isolated from the roots of A. taronense for the first time. The chemotaxonomic significan...
Source: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2019Source: Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, Volume 46Author(s): Yongli Cai, Xinze Lian, Zhihang Peng, Weiming WangAbstractIn this paper, we propose an SIRS influenza model with general incidence rate to describe disease transmission in a heterogenous environment. The basic reproduction number R0 is defined for the model, which can be used to govern the threshold dynamics of influenza disease: if R01, there is at least one endemic equilibrium and the disease is uniformly persistent. Epidemiologically, we find that the spatial heterogeneity can enhance the infectious risk of the influenza...
Source: Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications - Category: Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2018Source: LWTAuthor(s): Minori Goto, Takashi Kuda, Ayane Shikano, Zoubia Charrouf, Ken Yamauchi, Miki Yokozawa, Hajime Takahashi, Bon KimuraAbstractThe argan tree, Argania spinosa, is only endemic to south-western Morocco. Oils from the argan tree are not only edible, but also used for hair-conditioning, dermocosmetic, and pharmaceutical purposes. The mechanical press method yields approximately 43% argan oil, and a residue, which is called the argan press cake (APC). To elucidate the usefulness of the APC, the effects of fermentation using the bacteria Lactobacillus plantaru...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and EvolutionAuthor(s): Rafael O. de Sá, João Filipe Riva Tonini, Hannah van Huss, Alex Long, Travis Cuddy, Mauricio C. Forlani, Pedro L.V. Peloso, Hussam Zaher, Célio F.B. HaddadAbstractChiasmocleis is the most species-rich genus of Neotropical microhylids. Herein, we provide the first comprehensive multilocus phylogeny for the genus, including all but 3 of the 34 recognized species and multiple individuals per species. We discuss cryptic speciation, species discovery, patterns of morphological evolution, and provide a h...
Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Abstract East Coast fever (ECF) is a fatal sickness affecting cattle populations of eastern, central, and southern Africa. The disease is transmitted by the tick Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, and caused by the protozoan Theileria parva parva, which invades host lymphocytes and promotes their clonal expansion. Importantly, indigenous cattle show tolerance to infection in ECF-endemically stable areas. Here, the putative genetic bases underlying ECF-tolerance were investigated using molecular data and epidemiological information from 823 indigenous cattle from Uganda. Vector distribution and host infection risk were ...
Source: Genomics Proteomics ... - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Front Genet Source Type: research
Authors: Miyake Z, Nakamagoe K, Ezawa N, Yoshinaga T, Hashimoto R, Sato T, Sekijima Y, Tamaoka A Abstract We herein report the case of an 84-year-old woman with transthyretin (TTR) Val30Met-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP-ATTR Val30Met), representing a very old case. The patient had muscle weakness and sensory disturbances in her extremities caused by severe peripheral neuropathy. She also had vitreous opacity and orthostatic hypotension, and pyrophosphate scintigraphy showed a myocardial accumulation. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed mucosal amyloid deposits, positive in anti-TTR antibody staini...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to gather information about abundance patterns of questing ticks and associated pathogens in unfed female adult D. reticulatus in the Berlin/Brandenburg area. Using the flagging method, questing ticks were collected at four sites in 2010–2012 and 2000 D. reticulatus were analysed regarding infection with Rickettsia, Babesia, Borrelia and Anaplasmataceae by conventional or real-time PCR. Dermacentor reticulatus showed a bimodal activity pattern: highest numbers of adult ticks were recorded between March and end of May (mean 50 ticks/h) and from mid-August until end of November (mean 102 ticks/h). Duri...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
We examined epigenetic alterations, DNA methylation and microRNA dysregulation, in Epstein-Barr virus-related nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the endemic area of Southern China and found several differentially methyl ated tumor suppressor gene candidates by using a next-generation sequencer. Among these candidates, we revealed higher methylation rates of RAS-like estrogen-regulated growth inhibitor (RERG) in biopsy specimens of nasopharyngeal carcinoma more conveniently by using restriction enzyme-based real-tim e PCR. This result may help to improve cancer screening strategies. We profiled microRNAs of nasopharyngeal carcinom...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
We describe a case of late neuroborreliosis in an Erasmus programme student living in Porto. We discuss the importance of the epidemiological suspicion, the clinical approach, the diagnostic criteria and the most adequate treatment. PMID: 30332376 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
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