Nipah: the unknown virus that could be the next pandemic threat

A virus most people have never heard of has killed 17 people in India, and disease experts are getting concerned
Source: New Scientist - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research

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by Raina K. Plowright, Daniel J. Becker, Daniel E. Crowley, Alex D. Washburne, Tao Huang, P. O. Nameer, Emily S. Gurley, Barbara A. Han The 2018 outbreak of Nipah virus in Kerala, India, highlights the need for global surveillance of henipaviruses in bats, which are the reservoir hosts for this and other viruses. Nipah virus, an emerging paramyxovirus in the genusHenipavirus, causes severe disease and stuttering chains of transmission in humans and is considered a potential pandemic threat. In May 2018, an outbreak of Nipah virus began in Kerala,> 1800 km from the sites of previous outbreaks in eastern India in 2001 an...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
African green monkeys survived infection with the Nipah virus after they received remdesivir. The virus, a pandemic threat carried by bats, has killed dozens of people in Asia.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Nipah Virus Ebola Virus Bats MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) Epidemics National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Gilead Sciences Inc Science Translational Medicine (Journal) Bangladesh Malaysia India Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2019Source: Microbes and InfectionAuthor(s): Nazia Thakur, Dalan BaileyAbstractNipah virus is an emerging zoonotic paramyxovirus that causes severe and often fatal respiratory and neurological disease in humans. The virus was first discovered after an outbreak of encephalitis in pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore with subsequent outbreaks in Bangladesh or India occurring almost annually. Due to the highly pathogenic nature of NiV, its pandemic potential, and the lack of licensed vaccines or therapeutics, there is a requirement for research and development into highly sensit...
Source: Microbes and Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
(CNN) — From climate change to superbugs, the World Health Organization has laid out 10 big threats to our global health in 2019. And unless these threats get addressed, millions of lives will be in jeopardy. Here’s a snapshot of 10 urgent health issues, according to the United Nations’ public health agency: Not vaccinating when you can One of the most controversial recent health topics in the US is now an international concern. “Vaccine hesitancy — the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines — threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-prevent...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Local TV Source Type: news
We refer transmission of infections in India which have implications for Pakistan [1]. As compared to Pakistan, the range and burden of infectious diseases are enormous in India including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) contagion in 2002 –2003, Influenza A virus epidemic of 2006 (avian influenza), 2007 Equine influenza, Swine flu pandemic outbreaks in 2009 and 2014 [2]. Moreover, episodes of infectious diseases continue to rise in India, with a recent surge of chikungunya and dengue cases in 2016 [1].
Source: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
The 2014 Ebola outbreak killed over 10,000 people before it was eventually brought under control. As new infectious diseases appear around the world, what can we learn from past outbreaks to better prepare ourselves?Subscribe and review onAcast,Apple Podcasts,Soundcloud,Audioboom andMixcloud. Join the discussion onFacebook andTwitterSomewhere in the world there ’s a bat, a monkey or a pig with a virus that could jump into humans and become the next major epidemic, or even pandemic. This is what happened with Ebola, a disease first detected in humans in the 1970s. When the 2014 west Africa outbreak finally ended in 20...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Science Health Ebola Epidemics Society World news Source Type: news
November 27, 2017None of us can afford to ignore the plights of other countries.“What is IntraHealth anyway?”A woman asked this as she approached our booth at aState Employees Combined Campaign event this year, where people who want to donate to good causes can connect to the organizations behind them. At first, I was glad she asked.“IntraHealth International is a nonprofit based in Chapel Hill and our focus is on health workers,” I said. “We believe—”“Health workers in America?”“No,” I said, “our work is primarily international. We currently work in 3...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news
A global coalition of governments, health specialists and philanthropists will launch a new plan on Thursday to “outsmart” future disease epidemics with a fund to prepare and create new vaccines. Stung by the devastation of West Africa’s 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak, which killed more than 11,300 people before an effective vaccine was developed, the coalition is aiming to ensure such deadly outbreaks can’t happen again. John-Arne Rottingen, interim chief executive officer of the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), said it is designed as “a global insurance policy against epidem...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Abstract: We live in a world with the constant threat of emerging viral infections. In the last two decades, we have seen the highly publicised emergence of the Nipah Virus, SARS, MERS, the re-emergence of Ebola and the H1N1 2009 pandemic influenza together with a host of other emerging and re-emerging viruses including Zika, Chikungunya, Dengue. As clinicians, we are the front line of response to these threats and the key to the response has to be good surveillance and clinical management. High quality clinical microbiology support is critical as is both “shoe-leather” and molecular epidemiology.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Type: Invited Presentation Source Type: research
Legislation recently introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives would add the Zika virus to the list of diseases in the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) priority review voucher (PRV) program. The Senate HELP Committee has also recently advanced similar legislation. This is a positive step that would help incentivize needed research and development (R&D) to fight the disease. However, it also illustrates the fact that the PRV platform could be used far more proactively to help address future pandemics before they strike. Incentive For Innovation In 2007 the US government created the PRV as an incentive to dri...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Drugs and Medical Technology Featured Global Health Congress Ebola FDA outbreaks pandemic priority review Research Zika Source Type: blogs
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