Effectiveness of Homeopathic Medicines as Add-on to Institutional Management Protocol for Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Children: An Open-Label Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial.

CONCLUSION:  Adjunctive homeopathic medicines may improve clinical outcomes associated with AES. Further randomized and controlled studies, using double-blinded trial design, are recommended to discover if the current findings may be corroborated. PMID: 29871023 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Homeopathy - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Homeopathy Source Type: research

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Abstract The Japanese Encephalitis (JE) virus circulation in Indonesia was first documented in Lombok in 1960, and the virus was first isolated in 1972 from Culex tritaeniorhynchus in Bekasi, West Java and Kapuk, West Jakarta. Since then, Indonesia has been recognized as an endemic country for JE transmission. Up to now, JE cases have been found in at least 29 provinces, with Bali, West Kalimantan, East Nusa Tenggara, West Java and East Java, being the areas of highest incidence. However, routine surveillance on JE has not been established at the national level even though many surveys were conducted. JEV has been...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 August 2018Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Ursula Kunze, the ISW-TBEAbstractThe 20th Meeting of the International Scientific Working Group on Tick-Borne Encephalitis (ISW-TBE) − a group of neurologists, general practitioners, clinicians, travel physicians, virologists, pediatricians, ecologists,and epidemiologists – was held under the theme “ISW-TBE: 20 years of commitment &still challenges ahead”. On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the ISW-TBE several key topics in TBE were extensively discussed, among them current epidemiological dev...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2018Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Ju Jiang, Huijuan An, John S. Lee, Monica L. O’Guinn, Heung-Chul Kim, Sung-Tae Chong, Yanmin Zhang, Dan Song, Roxanne G. Burrus, Yuzhou Bao, Terry A. Klein, Allen L. RichardsAbstractHaemaphysalis longicornis, the cattle tick or bush tick, has an extended distribution throughout Asia and the Pacific region, including China, Russia, the Republic of Korea (ROK), Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and the South Pacific islands. It is an obligate ectoparasite found commonly on medium to large sized wild and domestic animals, with hu...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Background: Rocio virus (ROCV) is a member of the Japanese encephalitis serogroup, which includes several neurotropic viruses related to human encephalitis. ROCV was responsible for a severe outbreak in Brazil between 1975 and 1976 with a fatality rate of 13%. Since then, no human cases have been identified. Here, we evaluated the cross-immunity and -protection induced by different endemic Brazilian flaviviruses against ROCV by an experimental C57BL/6 mouse model. Considerable levels of cross-neutralizing antibodies against ROCV were detected in sera of mice pre-exposed to Ilheus virus (ILHV) and Saint Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV).
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: UMP. 004 Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 010 Peer Reviewer: Dr Jennifer Ho, ID physician QLD, Australia You are an ED doc working in Perth over schoolies week. An 18 yo man comes into ED complaining of fever, rash a “cracking headache” and body aches. He has just hopped off the plane from Bali where he spent the last 2 weeks partying, boozing and running amok. He got bitten by “loads” of mosquitoes because he forgot to take insect repellent. On e...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine arthralgia dengue fever rash Source Type: blogs
Publication date: 7 October 2018Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology, Volume 454Author(s): Shi Zhao, Yijun Lou, Alice P.Y. Chiu, Daihai HeAbstractJapanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a zoonotic mosquito-borne virus, persisting in pigs, Ardeid birds and Culex mosquitoes. It is endemic to China and Southeastern Asia. The case-fatality ratio (CFR) or the rate of permanent psychiatric sequelae is 30% among symptomatic patients. There were no reported local JEV human cases between 2006 and 2010 in Hong Kong, but it was followed by a resurgence of cases from 2011 to 2017. The mechanism behind this “skip-and-resurgence&rd...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
We present here the first confirmed case of Powassan neuroinvasive disease in the nearby state of Rhode Island. A previously healthy 81-year-old female with known tick exposure presented with fever, altered sensorium, seizures and focal neurological deficits. After an extensive work-up that was largely unrevealing Powassan encephalitis was suspected. The diagnosis was confirmed with serological testing consisting of Powassan IgM enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Powassan plaque reduction neutralization testing. The case study provides evidence for the increasing spread of Powassan neuroinvasive disease and reinforces t...
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We report a case of a 60 year old Saudi man who was admitted to cardiac ICU of a tertiary care hospital in Makkah, primarily with history of chest pain for cardiac evaluation, who was found to have signs suggestive hydrophobia. On history, it was found that he had an unprovoked scratch on his face by a dog in Morocco a month prior to admission and his saliva PCR test confirmed rabies virus.
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 July 2018Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Lindsay Lundberg, Ashwini Brahms, Idris Hooper, Brian Carey, Shih-Chao Lin, Bibha Dahal, Aarthi Narayanan, Kylene Kehn-HallAbstractThe New World alphaviruses –Venezuelan, eastern, and western equine encephalitis viruses (VEEV, EEEV, and WEEV respectively) – cause a febrile disease that is often lethal in equines and children and leads to long-term neurological sequelae in survivors. Endemic to the Americas, epizootic outbreaks of the three viruses occur sporadically in the continental United States. All three viruses aerosolize r...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
In this study, a μ-capture ELISA was developed to detect TBEV-specific IgM antibodies using subviral particles (SPs) with strep-tag (strep-SP-IgM-ELISA). The results of our strep-SP-IgM-ELISA were highly correlated with diagnoses made by the neutralization test (sensitivity: 94.1%), and our strep-SP-IgM-ELISA could detect anti-TBEV IgM antibodies in patients who could not be diagnosed with the neutralization test. Besides, 51 of 52 positive samples by a commercial IgM-ELISA were also diagnosed as positive by our strep-SP-IgM-ELISA (98.1%), and our strep-SP-IgM-ELISA could detect anti-TBEV IgM antibodies in all samples t...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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