Do Not Misinterpret Study That Says Non-Drinkers Miss More Work
This study showed that non-drinkers were more likely than moderate alcohol drinkers to have missed work due to mental health issues, musculoskeletal problems, digestive disorders, and respiratory diseases.
ConclusionsIn this study, age was the strongest determinant of diabetes. And then type 2 diabetes is mainly attributable to WHR, significantly more so in women than men. Therefore, central obesity probably should be considered as a major strategy for reducing incidence of type 2 diabetes.
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2019Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Christiane Mühle, Brianna Barry, Christian Weinland, Johannes Kornhuber, Bernd LenzAbstractObjectiveAlcohol use disorders inflict a great individual and societal burden. Although sex hormone effects have been implicated in alcohol dependence, research has mostly neglected estrogen activities and female alcohol-dependent patients. Here, we investigated associations of estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) genetics and serum estradiol activities with aspects of alcohol dependence.MethodSerum estradiol ...
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2019Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Cuiping Yi, Hong Zhu, Litao Tong, Sumei Zhou, Ronghua Yang, Meng NiuAbstractThe volatile profiles of fresh rice noodles (FRN) fermented with pure and five commercial mixed cultures were studied by using solid phase micro extraction/ gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, electronic nose, and sensory evaluations. The main volatile compounds of FRN by pure culture included aldehydes represented by nonanal, octanal, and 2,4-Pentadienal, and alcohols represented by hexanol and 1-nonanol. Its aroma profiles showed remarkable changes d...
The number of liver transplants for Americans with alcohol-associated liver disease has steadily grown in recent years, prompting researchers to explore why this is and what the long-term prospects are for recipients.
CONCLUSIONS: A panel combination including routine blood markers linked to insulin resistance showed highest associations with MRI considered as a gold standard for determining liver fat content. This combination of tests can facilitate the diagnosis of early stages of non-alcoholic liver disease thereby avoiding other invasive and expensive methods. PMID: 30662331 [PubMed - in process]
The proportion of people who get liver transplants due to alcohol-related disease has risen by 50% in the last 15 years, after a required sobriety period was dropped, A UCSF study found.
CONCLUSIONS: Problematic drinking and risky sexual behaviour after alcohol consumption exist among students and deserve special attention and response in the form of suitable measures. Problematic and risky sexual behaviour after alcohol consumption among university students is associated with behavioural factors and characteristics of alcohol use that allow a targeted approach to preventive efforts. PMID: 30660140 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of rs1229984 genotypes in the ADH1B gene within the Gypsies/Roma population corresponds with frequencies obtained in North India/Central Asia, the putative country of this ethnic origin. Our results suggest that the minority Gypsies/Roma population consume slightly less alcohol than the Czech majority population. PMID: 30660139 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionStandard economics, which considers the external costs of alcohol consumption, makes a strong a priori case for government action to “price in” these costs. But German Lopez’s article does not get us any closer to understanding what the correct way of accounting for these effects is. And if taxation, his analysis does not help us ascertain what the tax rate should be.
Alcohol exposure during pregnancy results in impaired growth, stillbirth, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Fetal alcohol deficits are lifelong issues with no current treatment or established diagnostic or therapeutic tools to prevent and/or ameliorate some of these adverse outcomes. Despite the recommendation to abstain, almost half of the women consume alcohol in pregnancy in the United States. This review focuses on the trends in prenatal alcohol exposure, implications for maternal and fetal health, and evidence suggesting that preconception and the prenatal period provide a window of opportunity to intervene, mitiga...