How Should Fruits and Vegetables Be Washed?

Discussion Fruits and vegetables are great sources of nutrition and often are eaten raw. However, they can become contaminated during harvest, transportation, production, preparation and storage. Produce accounts for about half of all foodborne illness and about 20% of foodborne deaths. Outbreaks have been associated with all food sources including home gardens, local farms and large scale commercial food operations. Vegetables most associated with illness are leafy green vegetables, herbs and sprouts. Learning Point What are the best ways to keep raw fruits and vegetables safe? “Wash your hands with hot soapy water before and after preparing food. Clean your counter top, cutting boards, and utensils after peeling produce and before cutting and chopping. Bacteria from the outside of raw produce can be transferred to the inside when it is cut or peeled. Wash kitchen surfaces and utensils with hot, soapy water after preparing each food item. Do not wash produce with soaps or detergents. [They are not designed for this and residual product may be retained on the food. Fruits and vegetables are also porous and may absorb the detergent.] Use clean potable cold water to wash items. [Some people recommend distilled water as it has been purified and filtered to remove contaminants.] For produce with thick skin, use a vegetable brush to help wash away hard-to-remove microbes. Produce with a lot of nooks and crannies like cauliflower, broccoli or lettuce should be soaked for 1 t...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Publication date: September 2019Source: Microchemical Journal, Volume 149Author(s): M. Maulidiani, Nur Ashikin Abdul-Hamid, Faridah Abas, Yong Seo Park, Yang-Kyun Park, Young Mo Kim, Shela GorinsteinAbstractPersimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) contains a number of metabolites, especially polyphenols and carotenoids, and persimmon is one of the most healthy fruits linking to a diet with reduced incidences of several diseases. However, little data are available on the persimmon in connection with its metabolites and properties. In recent study the differences between polar and non-polar extracts by 1H NMR-based metabolomics was don...
Source: Microchemical Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Lab Chip, 2019, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/C9LC00046A, PaperQingfu Zhu, Megan Hamilton, Bryan Vasquez, Mei He The LEGO ® concept is used to build 3D microchannel networks as a 3D μ-electrotransfection system for efficient exchange of nutrition and waste allowing 3D cell growth, while sustaining uniform 3D electric fields during cellular transfection. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Lab Chip latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine the phytochemical composition of peanut leaf hydroalcoholic extract (PLHE) and describe its potential toxic effects and antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The qualitative chemical analysis of PLHE by UHPLC-ESI-HRMS allowed the identification of eight metabolites types (totaling 29 compounds). The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) assay revealed that PLHE had strong antioxidant effects; it also exhibited nitric oxide (NO)-scavenging capacity. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) exposed to PLHE showed no reduced cell viability or increased free double-stranded DNA, NO, ...
Source: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
In vitro Antifungal Activity of Japanese Folk Herb Extracts against Trichophyton rubrum. Biocontrol Sci. 2019;24(2):109-116 Authors: Xia DA, Duerna T, Murata S, Morita E Abstract Folk herbs are vital to the Japanese health care system, with some being used to treat fungal skin infections. We tested folk herbs used in traditional Japanese medicine for in vitro antifungal activity against Trichophyton rubrum, the most common pathogen in patients with superficial dermatitis. Acetone, ethanol, methanol, water, and acetic acid extracts from 15 species of Japanese folk herbs (Bi-wa, Aka-me-gashiwa, Ta-m...
Source: Biocontrol Science - Category: Microbiology Tags: Biocontrol Sci Source Type: research
The hypothesis that prenatal exposure to poor maternal health or nutrition is a risk factor for adult-onset disease was first proposed by the epidemiologist David Barker in 1990, based on observations in a cohort of low birth weight infants followed into adulthood. Fetal programming is now accepted as an important contributor to the development of cardiovascular disease and other adult conditions. Although the mechanisms remain unknown, it is increasingly assumed that epigenetic mechanisms play a key role in fetal programming.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrology Digest Source Type: research
A 59-year-old African woman was admitted with generalized weakness. The history consisted of hypertension, which was treated with lisinopril and nifedipine for many years. She denied any use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, herbal medications, or illicit drugs. Physical examination revealed normal vital signs, dry mucous membranes, and no evidence of lymphadenopathy, salivary gland enlargement, or rash. Laboratory evaluation revealed a serum creatinine level of 12.9 mg/dl and a blood urea nitrogen level of 149 mg/dl (baseline, 1.1 and 23 mg/dl, respectively, 3 months ago), a hemoglobin level of 8.2 g/dl, a platelet...
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Make Your Diagnosis Source Type: research
Conclusions: While the Saudi policy is clear on what should not be served in school cafeterias, it fails to provide guidance on what must be served to improve the nutritional value of meals provided. PMID: 31210343 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research
Mortality from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rare and even rarer in paediatric patients. Usually when we consider causes of death in patients with IBD, cancer, venous thromboembolism, sepsis and nutrition are at the front of mind. However, the pop...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Males who have sex with males (MSM) are prioritised in the global fight against HIV/AIDS, as a key affected population to receive HIV prevention, treatment, and HIV-related care and support (WHO, 2016). There is, however, limited empirical research conduct...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news
Hymenoptera venom allergy ranks among the top three causes of anaphylaxis worldwide, and approximately one quarter of sting-induced reactions are classified as severe. Fatal sting reactions are exceedingly rare, but certain factors may entail a considerabl...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news
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