How Should Fruits and Vegetables Be Washed?

Discussion Fruits and vegetables are great sources of nutrition and often are eaten raw. However, they can become contaminated during harvest, transportation, production, preparation and storage. Produce accounts for about half of all foodborne illness and about 20% of foodborne deaths. Outbreaks have been associated with all food sources including home gardens, local farms and large scale commercial food operations. Vegetables most associated with illness are leafy green vegetables, herbs and sprouts. Learning Point What are the best ways to keep raw fruits and vegetables safe? “Wash your hands with hot soapy water before and after preparing food. Clean your counter top, cutting boards, and utensils after peeling produce and before cutting and chopping. Bacteria from the outside of raw produce can be transferred to the inside when it is cut or peeled. Wash kitchen surfaces and utensils with hot, soapy water after preparing each food item. Do not wash produce with soaps or detergents. [They are not designed for this and residual product may be retained on the food. Fruits and vegetables are also porous and may absorb the detergent.] Use clean potable cold water to wash items. [Some people recommend distilled water as it has been purified and filtered to remove contaminants.] For produce with thick skin, use a vegetable brush to help wash away hard-to-remove microbes. Produce with a lot of nooks and crannies like cauliflower, broccoli or lettuce should be soaked for 1 t...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 2 July 2020Source: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food ScienceAuthor(s): Patrícia Natielly de Oliveira, Paula Caroline dos Santos Gomes, André Ricardo Alcarde, Aline Marques Bortoletto, Maria Terezinha Santos Leite Neta, Narendra Narain, Ana Karla de Souza Abud, Antonio Martins de Oliveira Júnior
Source: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: recommendations emphasize isolation, proper rest, sleep, nutrition, hydration, medications, and in the more severe cases, oxygen support, monitoring of vital signs, emotional support, and multiprofessional and individualized care. Medications should be used with caution due to a lack of evidence. Future research is needed to analyze the impact of the infection at the beginning of pregnancy and the psychological aspects of pregnant women infected with the virus. PMID: 32609284 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Lat Am Enfermagem Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2020Source: Polymer TestingAuthor(s): Momo Huang, Weiwei Li, Xiaojing Liu, Ming Feng, Jie Yang
Source: Polymer Testing - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, it was demonstrated that both the variety and ripening stage have a significant impact on the aroma of mango. The volatile compound profile of “ Tommy Atkins ” , “ palmer ” , “ espada ” and “ Carlota ” varieties in green and ripe stages were characterized by headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry (HS-SPME/GC-MS). Thirty-three volatile compounds were identified, 30 from “ Tommy Atkins ” , 29 from “ espada ” , 25 from “ palmer ” and 10 from the “ Carlota ” variety. The major compo...
Source: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the antiplasmodial activity of Q. grandiflora fruit and stem extracts against Plasmodium falciparum. The polar extracts of both fruits and stems showed promising in vitro antiplasmodial activity against sensitive and resistant P. falciparum strains (half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) = 1.2 and 4.2 ng mL-1, respectively), low cytotoxicity against human hepatic cells (IC50HepG2 ≥ 400 ng mL-1), and a noteworthy selectivity index (SI ≥ 322 and ≥ 96, respectively). The fruit ethanolic extract revealed significant oral efficacy at 100 mg kg-1 in a mouse model of P. berghei malari...
Source: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: nurses had satisfactory knowledge about the themes addressed, and professionals should be encouraged to improve their knowledge and instruct families on the importance of a diet based on regional foods. PMID: 32609207 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS HQ-BS contains various bioactive compounds, including flavonoids, phytosterols, and other compounds, and these compounds can inhibit or activate multiple targets and pathways against cancer. PMID: 32609659 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Biggest single-day jump in South African casesmonth after lockdown eased; Belgrade declaresstate of emergency; cases worldwideclose to 11mGlobal report: horror week for US as coronavirus records tumble4 July celebrations increase risk of ‘superspreader’ eventsBrazil infections nearing 1.5mUK coronavirus updates – live5.38pmBSTThe mayor of Florida ’s biggest city has imposed an indefinite nightly curfew after the number of coronavirus cases in the state jumped again on Friday, according toReuters.The Miami-Dade county mayor, Carlos Gimenez, announced an indefinite nightly curfew from 10 pm to 6am as ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news Infectious diseases UK news Australia news US news Science Microbiology Medical research Source Type: news
Next week, we’ll be wrapping up Coronapod in its current form. Please fill out our short survey to let us know your thoughts on the show.In this episode:02:15 Simulating pandemicsResearchers have run numerous military-style simulations to predict the consequences of fictitious viral outbreaks. We discuss how these simulations work, what recommendations come out of them and if any of these warnings have been heeded.24:08 One good thingOur hosts pick out things that have made them smile in the last week, including audience feedback, the official end of the Ebola outbreak in the northeastern Democratic Republic of the C...
Source: Nature Podcast - Category: Science Authors: Source Type: podcasts
BACKGROUND: Using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Korean revised version (AUDIT-KR), we examined the association between habitual alcohol use and risk-taking behaviors among car users. METHODS: We used the data of 15,043 car users aged 20...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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