Surface electrocardiography characteristics and radiofrequency catheter ablation of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias originating from the left infero-septal papillary muscles: differences from those originating from the left posterior fascicle

ConclusionPM ventricular arrhythmias could be identified from LPF ventricular arrhythmias by calculation of QRS duration combined withVi/Vt using ECG.
Source: Europace - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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In this paper we develop an adaptive transform-domain technique based on rational function systems. It is of general importance in several areas of signal theory, including filter design, transfer function approximation, system identification, control theory etc. The construction of the proposed method is discussed in the framework of a general mathematical model called variable projection. First we generalize this method by adding dimension type free parameters. Then we deal with the optimization problem of the free parameters. To this order, based on the well-known particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm, we develop ...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Authors: Chen J, Xu S, Zhou W, Wu L, Wang L, Li W Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exendin-4 (Ex-4) on ventricular arrhythmias and calcium sparks-mediated calcium leak in a myocardial infarction-heart failure model.We studied the influence of exendin-4 on ventricular arrhythmogenesis in a rat myocardial infarction-heart failure model. In vivo arrhythmia studies (electrocardiogram [ECG] telemetry studies), ex vivo arrhythmia studies calcium sparks tests, and analysis of total and phosphorylated ryanodine receptor (RyR) 2 and CaMK-II were carried out in sham group, myocardial infarction...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
The human and dog have sinus arrhythmia; however, the beat-to-beat interval changes were hypothesized to be different. Geometric analyses (R–R interval tachograms, dynamic Poincaré plots) to examine rate changes on a beat-to-beat basis were analyzed along with time and frequency domain heart rate variability from 40 human and 130 canine 24-h electrocardiographic recordings. Humans had bell-shaped beat-interval distributions, narrow interval bands across time with continuous interval change and linear changes in rate. In contrast, dogs had skewed non-singular beat distributions, wide interval bands {despite fas...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
The human and dog have sinus arrhythmia; however, the beat-to-beat interval changes were hypothesized to be different. Geometric analyses (R-R interval tachograms, dynamic Poincaré plots) to examine rate changes on a beat-to-beat basis were analyzed along with time and frequency domain heart rate variability from 40 human and 130 canine 24-hour electrocardiographic recordings. Humans had bell-shaped beat-interval distributions, narrow interval bands across time with continuous interval change and linear changes in rate. In contrast, dogs had skewed nonsingular beat distributions, wide interval bands {despite faster ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Background: Ascent to altitude increases the prevalence of arrhythmogenesis in low-altitude dwelling populations (Lowlanders). High altitude populations (i.e., Nepalese Sherpa) may have arrhythmias resistant adaptations that prevent arrhythmogenesis at altitude, though this has not been documented in other High altitude groups, including those diagnosed with chronic mountain sickness (CMS). We investigated whether healthy (CMS-) and CMS afflicted (CMS +) Andeans exhibit cardiac arrhythmias under acute apneic stress at altitude.Methods and Results: Electrocardiograms (lead II) were collected in CMS- (N = 9), CMS + (N = 8), ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Abstract The goal of this study was to examine whether the links between Chinese college students' parental attachment, peer attachment, and prosocial behaviors were moderated by a physiological factor-baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The simplified version of the Inventory of Parental and Peer Attachment (IPPA-R) and the Chinese version of the Prosocial Tendencies Measure (PTM-R) were administered to one hundred forty-four undergraduate students (M = 18.96 years, SD = 1.06 years; 30% men) to assess parental and peer attachment and prosocial behaviors. Baseline RSA was calculated by electrocardiogram (...
Source: Biological Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Biol Psychol Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this study, the significant difference between the electrocardiographic data of deceased and surviving dilated cardiomyopathy patients suggests that electrocardiographic data should be evaluated in detail in order to determine the low and high risk of mortality in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.What is Known:•Previous studies on the relationship between limited electrocardiography data of adult patients diagnosed with DCM and mortality have been determinedWhat is New:•ECG data has not been investigated in such detail in child DCM patients,as in our study.
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
This study is divided into two stages: (a) a systematic review carried out following the Preferred Reporting Items for a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Diagnostic Test Accuracy Studies (PRISMA-DTA) statement in six databases, in order to identify the features of the PPG signal reported in the literature for the detection of AF, and (b) an experimental evaluation of them, using machine learning, in order to determine which have the greatest influence on the process of detecting AF. Forty-four features were found when analyzing the signal in the time, frequency, or time–frequency domains. From those 44 feat...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract Gallic acid (GA) has a protective effect on the cardiovascular system. To study its cardiac electrophysiological effects, voltage-gated Na+ channel currents (INa ) were recorded in rat cardiomyocytes using whole-cell patch clamp techniques. Moreover, the effects of GA on aconitine-induced arrhythmias were assessed using electrocardiograms in vivo. We found that the current-voltage characteristic curve (I-V curve) of INa significantly shifted in the presence of 1, 3, and 10 μmol/L of GA. The peak sodium current density (INa -Peak) was reduced from -84.02 ± 5.68 pA/pF to -65.78 ± 3.96 pA/pF...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol Source Type: research
We report a case that developed potentially fatal complications after a pacemaker implantation.
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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