Screening of Primary School Children for Amblyopia and Amblyogenic Factors in Central Cairo, Egypt.

Screening of Primary School Children for Amblyopia and Amblyogenic Factors in Central Cairo, Egypt. J Ophthalmol. 2018;2018:8425319 Authors: Rashad MA, Abd Elaziz KM, Fawzy SM, Abdel Latif AAM, Abdel Latif MAM Abstract Objective: To measure the prevalence of amblyopia and amblyogenic factors among primary school children and to evaluate distance visual acuity (VA) as a screening test to detect amblyopia and define its cutoff value. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on primary school children in two schools in Central Cairo. Children underwent assessment of visual acuity using Landolt broken ring. Comprehensive ophthalmologic examination was performed for amblyopia suspects at the Ophthalmology Department of Ain Shams University Hospitals, including reassessment of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) using the same chart. Results: A total of 352 children were examined. Reduced screening VA (amblyopia suspect) was detected in 47 subjects (13.35%) proved amblyopia after comprehensive examination was 1.98% (7 cases). Refractive errors (REs) were present in all suspected and proved amblyopia cases (100%) but was only present in 11.6% of nonamblyopic students (P
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

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