Functional Implications of Sexual Dimorphism of Transporter Patterns along the Rat Proximal Tubule: Modeling and Analysis.
Functional Implications of Sexual Dimorphism of Transporter Patterns along the Rat Proximal Tubule: Modeling and Analysis. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2018 May 30;: Authors: Li Q, McDonough AA, Layton HE, Layton AT Abstract The goal of this study is to investigate the functional implications of the sexual dimorphism in transporter patterns along the proximal tubule. To do so, we have developed sex-specific computational models of solute and transport in the proximal convoluted tubule of the rat kidney. The models account for the sex differences in expression levels of the apical and basolateral transporters, in single-nephron glomerular filtration rate, and in tubular dimensions. Model simulations predict that 70.6 and 38.7% of the filtered volume is reabsorbed by the proximal tubule of the male and female rat kidneys, respectively. The lower fractional volume reabsorption in female can be attributed to their smaller transport area and lower aquaporin-1 expression level. The latter also results in a larger contribution of the paracellular pathway to water transport. Similar fractions (70.9 and 39.2%) of the filtered Na+ are reabsorbed by the male and female proximal tubule models, respectively. The lower fractional Na+ reabsorption in female is due primarily to their smaller transport area and lower Na+/H+-exchanger (NHE3) and claudin-2 expression levels. Notably, unlike most Na+ transporters, whose expression levels are lower in female, Na+/glucose cotr...
Authors: Karimi G, Vard B, Riyahi R, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Kelishadi R Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted among 14,400 Iranian students, aged 7-18 years to determine the association between the frequency of family dinner and mental health. Family dinner frequency, family relationship, life satisfaction (LS), self-perceived health and anxiety were assessed by validated questionnaires. Of 14,274 participants, 50.6% were boys and 71.4% were urban residents, with a mean (SD) age of 12.28 (3.16) years. Family dinner frequency was significantly correlated with LS (boys: β = 0.27, p
In this study we explored the use of a natural compound rubusoside (RUB) as a solubilizer to enhance the solubility of a fluorescence-labeled C6-Ceramide (NBD C6-Ceramide) and to characterize its pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in an animal model. RUB significantly enhanced the solubility of NBD C6-Ceramide by forming nanomicelles, and efficiently delivered NBD C6-Ceramide in rats by oral and intravenous administration. RUB loaded 1.96% of NBD C6-Ceramide in the nanomicelles and solubilized it to a concentration of 3.6 mg/mL in water. NBD C6-Ceramide in nanomicelles remained stable in aqueous solutions, all...
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Prostaglandins &Other Lipid MediatorsAuthor(s): Giorgio Mottola, Evan Werlin, Bian Wu, Mian Chen, Anuran Chatterjee, Melinda Schaller, Michael S. ConteAbstractInflammation ensuing from vascular injury promotes intimal hyperplasia (IH) and restenosis. Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is a lipid mediator that attenuates IH in vivo when delivered locally to the vessel wall in animal models. We tested the hypothesis that peri-procedural oral administration of RvD1 could blunt the local inflammatory response to angioplasty, and attenuate downstream IH. Carotid angioplasty was per...
First-of-its-kind trial evaluates decision aid’s efficacy
Authors: Glauser W PMID: 31818934 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Owens B PMID: 31818933 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Dermer M, Martel J, Greenhill A PMID: 31818932 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Robson R PMID: 31818931 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Lamb S PMID: 31818930 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Zimmer V, Glanemann M, Lammert F PMID: 31818929 [PubMed - in process]