Brain Plasticity and Rehabilitation with a Cochlear Implant.

Brain Plasticity and Rehabilitation with a Cochlear Implant. Adv Otorhinolaryngol. 2018;81:57-65 Authors: McKay CM Abstract The functional changes that occur in the brain due to deafness may affect the way the auditory system processes sound after cochlear implantation. Brain plasticity plays a crucial role in the success of cochlear implantation to facilitate or develop spoken language in profoundly deaf individuals. The functional plasticity that occurs in postlingually deaf adults during periods of deafness can both support and hinder speech understanding with a cochlear implant, depending on the nature and degree of functional changes. Evidence so far suggests that the strategies people use to communicate while deaf may influence whether the functional changes are adaptive or maladaptive. In the case of children with congenital deafness, evidence is very strong for a sensitive period in which auditory input must be restored if subsequent oral language is to be developed successfully. Successful oral language use and speech understanding in individuals implanted after 7 years of age depends strongly on the pre-implant use of hearing aids and auditory-verbal communication. Future research should focus on how to harness our growing knowledge of brain plasticity to optimize the outcomes of cochlear implantation in each individual. PMID: 29794427 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Adv Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Jeffrey Jordan/ President of the Population Reference Bureau with ICPD25 participants. Credit: Joyce Chimbi / IPSBy Joyce ChimbiNAIROBI, Kenya, Nov 13 2019 (IPS) One in five women globally lives with a disability even as they have same needs and interests as women without disabilities, their access to sexual and reproductive health services and rights remains severely limited. Delegates representing people living with disabilities at the ICPD25 Conference painted a grim picture of barriers and challenges they face. “We are perceived to be asexual and therefore offering us reproductive health information is consider...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Conferences Education Featured Gender Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights TerraViva United Nations Women's Health ICPD25 Source Type: news
The objective of medical tools for personal use started to go beyond measuring health parameters and vital signs, offering accurate, as well as easy and patient-friendly measurements. Lately, they are also coupled with aesthetic appearance. Elements of design thinking and UX become an ever more organic part of product development – and that’s also visible when looking at hearables. The trend also allows getting rid of societal stigmas bound with medical devices. Millions of people don’t want to wear hearing aids because it’s connected to aging and is perceived as being more dependent while signal...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine app artificial artificial intelligence ear hearing hearing aid hearing technology medical specialty otoscope smartphone superhero Source Type: blogs
A recent study concludes that wearing hearing aids is associated with later onset of dementia and a reduced risk of anxiety, depression, and falls.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hearing / Deafness Source Type: news
Abstract Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is one of the most common sensory impairments, and has a serious impact on the quality of life (QOL) of affected individuals. The QOL and coping strategies of elderly people in Poland experiencing subjectively assessed hearing problems (SAHP) were analyzed. The method made use of the World Health Organization Quality of Life scale (WHOQOL Group, 1998) and three questionnaires tailored for the present study: the Coping Strategies Inventory, ARHP Inventory, and Participant Chart (Domagała-Zyśk, 2017). A generally good QOL for elderly respondents with SAHP was found. However...
Source: American Annals of the Deaf - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Am Ann Deaf Source Type: research
Conclusions The relationship between self-reported hearing problems and CVD is mediated by psychological distress. Further research is needed to identify causal pathways and psychophysiological mechanisms involved in this relationship and to identify effective methods for addressing cardiovascular health-related psychosocial factors in the treatment of hearing impairment. PMID: 31339788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research
Condition:   Presbycusis Intervention:   Device: Over-the-counter fitting Sponsors:   Yu-Hsiang Wu;   National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
A study of more than 4,000 hearing-impaired people by the University of Exeter found those who wore the amplifiers performed better on memory and attention tests.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Radio aids can help young children with hearing loss - but not everyone can access them.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: The small amount of evidence that is currently available suggests that presbycusis is underdiagnosed and under- treated in Germany. Early detection by physicians of all specialties, followed in each case by a specialized differential diagnostic evaluation, is a desirable goal. PMID: 31196393 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
The recently appointed director of NIDCD brings an extensive research background in hearing loss, ear disease, and cochlear implantation—and an enthusiasm for addressing barriers to hearing health care. Interview by Jillian Kornak The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently named Debara L. Tucci the next director of the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), replacing acting director Judith Cooper. Tucci will leave her position as professor of surgery in the Division of Head and Neck Surgery &Communication Sciences at Duke University Medical Center, where she has served on ...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Academia & Research Audiology Health Care News Private Practice Schools Slider Aging and Hearing Loss audiologist hearing health care public health Source Type: blogs
More News: Audiology | Brain | Children | Deafness | ENT & OMF | HIV AIDS | Neurology | Rehabilitation