Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Children: Pathophysiology, Evaluation, and Medical Management
AbstractPurpose of ReviewPediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disorder that carries significant morbidity. The diagnosis requires sinus symptoms that persist despite standard medical therapy greater than 3 months. Viral infections, allergies, and anatomic differences in children lead to chronic obstruction of the osteomeatal complex.Recent FindingsChronic rhinosinusitis as a diagnosis is a conglomeration of multiple phenotypes and endotypes. As such, the diagnosis and management are complex. New survey studies provide some consensus on prevalence and management of this disease in children.SummaryIn this review, we highlight the differential diagnosis of pediatric CRS, including non-eosinophilic/infectious variants, eosinophilic variants with and without nasal polyps, allergic fungal sinusitis, aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease, primary immunodeficiency, and disorders of mucociliary clearance. Further, we detail treatment options that should be considered. Finally, we feature emerging potential treatment options of CRS, including anti-immunoglobulin E, interleukin-5, and interleukin-4 receptor alpha subunit.
Boosting the sensitivity of in vitroβ-lactam allergy diagnostic tests. Chem Commun (Camb). 2020 Oct 14;56(80):11973-11976 Authors: Peña-Mendizabal E, Morais S, Maquieira Á Abstract The synthesis of structurally new haptens and the development of suitable antigens are essential for boosting the sensitivity of drug allergy diagnostic testing. Unprecedented structural antigens for benzylpenicillin and amoxicillin are characterised and evaluated in a cohort of 70 subjects with a turnkey solution based on consumer electronics. PMID: 33033809 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 89Author(s): Xiaoqin Liu, Trine Munk-Olsen, Clara Albiñana, Bjarni J. Vilhjálmsson, Emil M. Pedersen, Vivi Schlünssen, Marie Bækvad-Hansen, Jonas Bybjerg-Grauholm, Merete Nordentoft, Anders D. Børglum, Thomas Werge, David M. Hougaard, Preben B. Mortensen, Esben Agerbo
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Manuel Jorge Rial, Marcela Valverde, Victoria del Pozo, Francisco Javier González-Barcala, Carlos Martínez-Rivera, Xavier Muñoz, José María Olaguibel, Vicente Plaza, Elena Curto, Santiago Quirce, Pilar Barranco, Javier Domínguez-Ortega, Joaquin Mullol, César Picado, Antonio Valero, Irina Bobolea, Ebymar Arismendi, Paula Ribó, Joaquín Sastre
Authors: Suoh M, Hagihara A, Yamamura M, Maruyama H, Taira K, Enomoto M, Tamori A, Fujiwara Y, Kawada N Abstract An 82-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma presented with upper abdominal pain, vomiting, and jaundice. He had been taking a standard lenvatinib dose for three months. Although acute cholangitis was suggested, imaging studies failed to detect the biliary obstruction site. An endoscopic examination following discontinuation of lenvatinib and aspirin revealed multiple duodenal ulcers, one of which was formed on the ampulla of Vater and causing cholestasis. Endoscopic biliary drainage and antibiotics ...
Purpose of Study: Explore the perceptions of primary care physicians (PCPs) from community health care centers (CHCs) in Franklin County, Ohio, regarding factors that contribute to their inability to consistently provide sustainable asthma management services to their uninsured patient population. Primary Practice Setting: Asthmatic patients are not consistently receiving sustainable asthma management in CHCs in Ohio. Primary care physicians in CHCs play a pivotal role in closing health care gaps for asthmatic patients. To minimize the barriers that impede the efforts of PCPs to control asthma for their uninsured pati...
CONCLUSION: Our study provides additional evidence to help design allergy interventions. PMID: 33031690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Osamu Matsuno, Seijiro Minamoto
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Francesco Menzella, Patrizia Ruggiero, Carla Galeone, Chiara Scelfo, Diego Bagnasco, Nicola Facciolongo
ConclusionGTC exhibited significant efficacy in improving patients ’ quality of life as well as neurological function and controlling hypertension. (Registration No. ChiCTR1800016667)
AbstractAbstractCancer patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have significantly greater mortality compared with non-cancer patients. This risk is partly directly attributable to the malignancy; however these patients are frequently undertreated with respect to guideline recommended treatments for ACS due to higher bleeding risks from anemia and thrombocytopenia. Due to exclusion from large clinical trials, there is a paucity of data regarding how to best treat these complex and high-risk patients.Purpose of ReviewTo review the literature and identify risk factors among cancer patients associated with poor outcomes, p...