Prognostic significance of ventricular late potentials in patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis
Early detection of cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis is difficult but essential to achieve optimal treatment. Signal-averaged electrocardiography (SAECG) can detect subtle cardiac electrical abnormalities termed late potentials (LPs) and would be useful for the early diagnosis of cardiac involvement.
Conclusion: These low voltages are like those found in patients with carcinoid syndrome, severe cardiac adiposity, cardiac amyloidosis, and cardiac sarcoidosis.Cardiology 2018;141:172 –175
ConclusionsFDG uptake of the RV but no other heart segment was associated with positive EMB in CS patients. The presence of RV FDG uptake could improve the rate of positive EMB up to 42% in patients with CS.
Rationale: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder characterized by noncaseating granulomas. The nervous system is involved in 5 to 16% of the patients. However, neurosarcoidosis in the medulla oblongata presenting as hiccough is remarkably rare. Patient concern: A 55-year-old female was admitted to our hospital suffering from intractable hiccough and progressive numbness of extremities. Diagnosis: The MR imaging revealed a circumscribed mass lesion located on the medulla oblongata. The mass was hyperintense on T2-weighted images and enhanced homogeneously with gadolinium-diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid. The cer...
Conclusions: The prevalence of CS exceeds 20% in extra-CS patients even with normal ECG and Echo. Physicians should keep in mind such an unrecognized population and risk of underdiagnosis of CS.
Conclusion: The pathology discovered after many years indicates the need for an expanded involvement of specialists in primary and dynamic examination of patients with sarcoidosis.
This article focuses on the role of echocardiography and MRI in the diagnosis of these structural diseases. Cardiomyopathies with hypertrophic pattern (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathies, amyloidosis, Anderson-Fabry disease, and sarcoidosis), cardiomyopathies with dilated pattern, inflammatory cardiac diseases, and right ventricular arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy are analyzed. Finally, anatomic predictors of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death are discussed. Each paragraph is attended by clinical cases that are discussed on the electrocardiogram, after integrated with the anatomic, functional, and he...
Predominant or isolated right ventricular involvement in cardiac sarcoidosis is uncommon, but should always be considered in a case of right ventricular hypertrophy combined with ventricular arrhythmia and/or conduction disturbance. Although improvement in right ventricular hypertrophy and atrioventricular conduction disturbance following corticosteroid therapy has been reported, the detailed serial electrocardiographic responses during corticosteroid therapy, as well as temporal changes in the electrocardiographic, biochemical, and morphological responses, have not been reported.
Abstract A 52‐year‐old male visited our hospital with abnormal electrocardiogram and exertional fatigue. The electrocardiogram showed first‐degree atrioventricular block, complete right bundle branch block, and inverted T waves in Leads II, III, aVF, V3, and V4. Echocardiography showed biventricular wall thickening involving granular sparkling of the interventricular septum. Late gadolinium enhancement on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) was found at the circumferential right ventricular wall and patchy regions of the left ventricle. Although these findings strongly suggested cardiac amyloidosis, he was finall...
Conclusion Our study revealed that QTc dispersion, Tpe and Tpe/QT ratio were greater in sarcoidosis patients compared to the control group. To our knowledge, the present study is the first to use Tpe interval analysis in patients without cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis. Tpe interval and Tpe/QT ratio may be promising markers for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality due to ventricular arrhythmias in patients with and without cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis.
Conclusion: The developed method of screening can be used for the selection of patients who require further assessment to exclude cardiac involvement.