Dialysis modality and mortality in polycystic kidney disease

Hemodialysis International, EarlyView.
Source: Hemodialysis International - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research

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The objective of this multicenter, prospective observational study was to determine the factors related to patency rates after construction of vascular access (VA) and the first percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). METHODS: The 24-month primary and secondary patency rates after construction of a radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (RC-AVF) and arteriovenous graft (AVG) were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. The 12-month post-PTA patency rate was also investigated. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify clinical parameters associated with the primary patency rate and the po...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
ConclusionOnly 46.875% of the hemodialysis patients with COVID-19 had fever in the early stage; and diabetics may be the most susceptible population. A decrease in blood lymphocyte count and ground-glass opacity on chest CT scan is beneficial in identifying the high-risk population.
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
We report the case of a 71-year-old Japanese woman who complained of hemiparesis. She required maintenance hemodialysis therapy with a background of ADPKD. Cerebral infarction was initially diagnosed by excluding intracranial hemorrhage and aneurysm rupture that are recognized as common complications of ADPKD and thereby anticoagulation therapy was initiated. However, the patient was suspected as having painless aortic dissection because a chest X-ray examination showed expanded upper mediastinum. Sequential vascular imagings revealed dissection of the aorta, originating from brachiocephalic trunk to the right common carot...
Source: CEN Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Authors: Fang X, Kang M, Chen D, Shen L PMID: 31880215 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: While medically induced end-stage renal disease (m-ESRD) has been well-studied, outcomes in patients with surgically induced ESRD (s-ESRD) are unknown. We sought to quantitatively compare the non-oncological outcomes for s-ESRD and m-ESRD in a large population-based cohort. METHODS: Medicare patients>65 years old initiating hemodialysis were identified using the U.S. Renal Data System database (2000‒2012). Metastatic cancer, prior transplant history, and nephrectomy for polycystic kidney disease were exclusion criteria. Patients were classified as having s-ESRD or m-ESRD based on h...
Source: Canadian Urological Association Journal - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Can Urol Assoc J Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study suggests that a large percentage did not have nephrology care before initiating dialysis. The ones who were seen by nephrology before dialysis were significantly more likely to initiate dialysis using an AVF. A national focus on improving nephrology referral in advanced CKD may allow better utilization of AVF as the method of access at dialysis initiation. PMID: 31696849 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
A 55-year-old man with a history of end-stage renal disease due to autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and bilateral nephrectomy without adrenalectomy underwent his first kidney transplantation after 6 years of hemodialysis. The patient had no history of donor-specific antibodies. The donor was described as a 69-year-old man with a history of active smoking and  aortic valvulopathy who died of a stroke without cardiac arrest or collapse. Maintenance immunosuppressive therapy consisted of low-dose tacrolimus and everolimus.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Make Your Diagnosis Source Type: research
We describe a rare case of a 29-year-old man with ARPKD presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. The diagnosis of ARPKD was at the age of eight years based on typical ultrasonography findings with polycystic kidneys and liver disease. Magnetic resonance cholangiography showed a nonobstructive dilatation of intrahepatic bile ducts. Liver biopsy showed hepatic fibrosis. None of the family members was affected. At the age of 15 years, he had progressed to end-stage kidney disease, and hemodialysis was started. The patient had always a severe arterial hypertension. At the age of 29...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
In conclusion, in this sample population from HD patients in Jordan, majority would recommend an AVF as mode of access. Perceived barriers include lack of timely referral for vascular surgical evaluation and poor understanding of disease. A systematic assessment of the process that precedes the creation of AVF, with focus on areas of reported barriers may allow for better utilization of AVF. PMID: 31464248 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Authors: Iijima T, Hayami N, Takaichi K, Morisada N, Nozu K, Iijima K, Sawa N, Hoshino J, Ubara Y Abstract Orofaciodigital syndrome 1 (OFD1) is a rare, X-linked, dominantly inherited disorder caused by an OFD1 mutation that can cause polycystic kidneys. A 37-year-old woman on hemodialysis therapy was admitted to our hospital for trans-catheter arterial embolization (TAE) therapy for enlarged polycystic kidneys. Lobulated tongue and brachydactyly were noticed, prompting an OFD1 sequencing analysis. Sequencing revealed a causal four-base-pair deletion in exon 13, both in the patient and in her mother, whose renal fun...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
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