The development of central venous thrombosis in hemodialyzed patients is associated with catheter tip depth and localization

Hemodialysis International, EarlyView.
Source: Hemodialysis International - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research

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Venous thrombosis in a pediatric population can be multifactorial such as secondary to extrinsic compression syndromes: Paget-Schroetter syndrome, May-Thurner syndrome (iliac vein thrombosis), hypercoagulable state, PICC or other central venous catheters and can also occur in patients with arteriovenous fistulae or grafts in patients requiring long-term hemodialysis. DVT affects 0.07-0.14 in 10,000 children annually;58 per 10,000 in hospitalized children. Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT), venous angioplasty, stent placement, and mechanical thrombectomy are used to treat both acute and chronic venous thrombosis.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific e-Poster Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Catheter-related right atrial thrombosis is an underdiagnosed complication of central venous catheter placement. For the hemodialysis population, a fistula-first approach is advocated. While many instances were asymptomatic, the development of unexplained fever, dyspnea, catheter dysfunction, or new murmur should trigger a search for this complication. PMID: 31552793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
We report our experience with early-cannulation Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow grafts and compare them to traditional Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow grafts. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft placement from 1 January 2013 through 15 August 2017 at our institution and compared those undergoing placement of traditional Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow grafts and simultaneous tunneled dialysis catheter insertion to those undergoing Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft placement using an early-cannulation Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft without a tunneled dialysis...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
Conclusion: The incidence of CRAT in patients with THC for MHD was 17.9%. Patients with THC for MHD should be examined for presence of CRAT before removal of THC to prevent fatal pulmonary thromboembolism. PMID: 31315321 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Suratkal V, Ahmed A Abstract Right atrial thrombi is a serious complication of central venous cannulation although incidence is less as compared to left atrial thrombi.1 Right atrial thrombi develops at anastomotic foci or on injured endothelium, implanted devices or foreign bodies including tumours, pacemakers and indwelling right atrial catheters. They have been associated with triple-lumen catheters for chemotherapy, intravenous fluids or parenteral nutrition, pulmonary artery catheters, hemodialysis and implantable venous access devices.2 Right atrial thrombi can have severe consequences leading to pul...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: DeGiovanni J, Son A, Salehi P Abstract We are reporting a case of venous thoracic outlet syndrome with recurrent subclavian vein thrombosis in the setting of an ipsilateral brachiocephalic arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis that was malfunctioning due to the central vein obstruction. The patient also had a concomitant external jugular vein origin stenosis. Given her body habitus and aversion to recovery after traditional first rib resection, we elected for an alternative treatment with an external jugular vein to internal jugular vein transposition with balloon angioplasty of the stenosed external jugu...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
Rationale: As survival prospects improve for long-term patients with hemodialysis, it is common for patients to exhaust all upper extremity access options before other avenues need exploration. The purpose of this case report was to describe our experience in creating a prosthetic graft between left femoral artery and right femoral vein in a patient with history of central venous occlusion and bilateral femoral neck fracture. Patient concerns: A female patient with hemodialysis exhausted all upper extremity access options along with bilateral femoral neck fracture. Diagnoses: Patients with end-stage renal disease e...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
We read, with interest, “Management of tunneled-cuffed catheter-related right atrial thrombosis in hemodialysis patients” by Yang et al.1 Central venous catheter insertion is associated with morbidity and mortality,2 with catheter-related right atrial thrombosis (CRAT) described as one common complication in end-stage renal disease patients requiring hemodialysis.3 Yang et al described 20 end-stage renal disease patients with tunneled-cuffed catheters treated for CRAT. Tunneled-cuffed catheter placement was performed secondary to recurrent arteriovenous fistula failure in 18 (90%) patients and refusal...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research
Conclusions: Central venous access device complications and device failure is a prevalent and significant problem in the adult ICU, leading to substantial patient harm and increased healthcare costs. The high proportion of central venous access devices removed due to suspicion of infection, despite low overall central line-associated bloodstream infection and catheter-related bloodstream infection rates, indicates a need for robust practice guidelines to inform decision-making surrounding removal of central venous access devices suspected of infection.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Despite the high rate of central venous catheter (CVC)-related venous thromboembolic (VTE) complications and long-term sequelae, CVCs remain a vital component of patient care in children with complex underlying diseases. In this review, we focus on CVC-related VTE in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis, a population in whom the provision of renal replacement therapy is a lifelong undertaking. Occlusion of the CVC and thrombosis underlie most instances of access malfunction and failure in children on chronic hemodialysis.
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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