Ticked off: America ’s quiet epidemic of tickborne diseases
For most of us, springtime marks the return of life to a dreary landscape, bringing birdsong, trees in bud, and daffodils in bloom. But if you work for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the coming of spring means the return of nasty diseases spread by ticks and mosquitoes. The killjoys at CDC celebrated the end of winter with a bummer of a paper showing that infections spread by ticks doubled in the United States from 2004 to 2016. (Tick populations have exploded in recent decades, perhaps due to climate change and loss of biodiversity.) Lyme disease The most common infection spread by ticks in the US is Lyme disease. There were 19,804 confirmed cases of Lyme in 2004, compared to 36,429 in 2016. Because of incomplete testing and reporting, these numbers are almost certainly an underestimate. There may be as many as 329,000 cases of Lyme disease in the United States every year. New England, the mid-Atlantic states, and Minnesota and Wisconsin account for 95% of reported cases. While Lyme disease may lead to fever, rash, meningitis, Bell’s palsy, and arthritis, it rarely kills. More worrisome are surges in deadly diseases spread by ticks, such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, and babesiosis. Other serious tickborne illnesses Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a misnomer. Although it occurs throughout much of the United States, including the Rocky Mountains, it is most common in southern Appalachia and the Ozarks; 60% of ...
Publication date: 5 December 2020Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 263Author(s): Xiaoning Chen, Ravindran Kalathil Veena, Haridas Ramya, Kainoor Krishnankutty Janardhanan, Varughese George
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2020Source: Current Therapeutic ResearchAuthor(s): D.D. Gladman, A.M. Orbai, J. Gomez-Reino, S. Chang-Douglass, E. Leoncini, H.E. Burton, K.S. Kanik, A.B. Romero, J.C. Cappelleri, M-A. Hsu
The turmoil and devastating destruction of World War II had also ruined dermatology across Europe. In contrast, the Society of Investigative Dermatology (SID; founded in 1937) in the United States functioned successfully and soon became a role model for the leaders of dermatology departments in various European countries. Our former teachers in dermatology succeeded in overcoming the prejudice and animosity in the western world. This outcome was the conception of the founding fathers (there was no founding lady in the initial group) of the European Society for Dermatological Research (ES DR).
Authors: Meo SA, Abukhalaf AA, Alomar AA, Al-Beeshi IZ, Alhowikan A, Shafi KM, Meo AS, Usmani AM, Akram J Abstract OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a global public health crisis with social, psychological and long-lasting economical damages. Weather-related dynamics have an impact on the pattern of human health and disease. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of heat and humidity on daily basis incidence and mortality due to COVID-19 pandemic in ten of the world's hottest countries compared to ten of the coldest ones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Worldwide, we selected 20 countries; 10 hottes...
CONCLUSIONS: The study does not seem to exclude that the lethality of COVID-19 may be climate sensitive. Future studies will have to confirm these clues, due to potential confounding factors, such as pollution, population age, and exposure to malaria. PMID: 32767354 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Rapid hospital reengineering has probably had an impact on the management of patients with and without SARS-CoV-2 infection, and on in-hospital mortality rates over the reporting period. PMID: 32767350 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Orrù B, Szekeres-Bartho J, Bizzarri M, Spiga AM, Unfer V Abstract The ongoing worldwide pandemic of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), raised the urgency to address knowledge gaps and to establish evidence for improving management and control of this viral infection. Throughout a keen analysis of the World Health Organization (WHO) most updated data, a gender-specific difference in the occurrence of infection was determined, which seems to correlate with patient's vitamin D status. Therefore, our purpose is to provide insights into the nutritional importance of vitamin D for its immunomodulatory e...
CONCLUSIONS: Prescribing pattern analysis showed the highest responses and remission rates with tocilizumab and TNF-α inhibitors. The main reasons for withdrawal were lack of response and adverse effects. Further research is needed to improve pharmacological RA management in real-life settings. PMID: 32767346 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: de Sire A, Losco L, Cisari C, Gennari A, Boldorini R, Fusco N, Cigna E, Invernizzi M Abstract OBJECTIVE: Axillary web syndrome (AWS) is a complication of surgical procedures in breast cancer (BC) patients. This condition with poorly understood incidence and etiology is characterized by the locoregional development of scar tissue, leading to subcutaneous cording, motion impairment and pain. The early identification of patients at risk for AWS would improve their clinical management. Here, we sought to characterize the prevalence of and the risk factors associated with AWS in BC women after surgery. PATI...
Authors: Dar SA, Wahid M, Haque S, Almalki SS, Akhter N PMID: 32767316 [PubMed - in process]
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