Reduction of Postanesthetic Pediatric Distress: A Coordinated Approach.

CONCLUSIONS: Important elements in reducing emergence distress are preadmission visit, use of a playroom, effective analgesia, anesthetic maintenance without short-acting volatiles, and undisturbed recovery with a parent present for reassurance. PMID: 29784261 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

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While recreational marijuana is legal in 11 states as of November 2019, more states gravitating toward legalizing the recreational use of the substance, and 33 states allowing medical marijuana, there’s apparently no stopping this trend. Cannabis, in the form of marijuana, hemp, and cannabidiol (CBD)  is being used for pain relief, to alleviate stress, cope with anxiety, and a number of other mental health disorders and addictions. Yet, there’s a dearth of clinical studies that have been conducted on the overall effects on a user’s health. Clearly, as Crain’s Detroit Business points out, more ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Medications Substance Abuse Cannabis Marijuana Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirmed the safety of oral midazolam premedication to reduce perioperative anxiety when performing rhinoplasty under local anesthesia. PMID: 31713363 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
Conditions:   Anxiety;   Pain Intervention:   Device: Virtual Reality with Oculus Go headset Sponsor:   Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSIONS: We found very low-certainty evidence from four trials that was insufficient to conclude if there is any benefit of acupuncture, acupressure or laser at P6 point in reducing gagging and allowing successful completion of dental procedures. We did not find any evidence on any other interventions for managing the gag reflex during dental treatment. More well-designed and well-reported trials evaluating different interventions are needed. PMID: 31721146 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
A 40-year-old man was treated with tonsillectomy and underwent early surgical exploration because of bleeding. Postoperative bleeding complications were treated with bronchoscopy. In addition to obesity, normal thyroid function, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and current tobacco abuse with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, biochemistry revealed severe hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol 572 mg/dL) and hypertriglyceridemia (1,220 mg/dL). During the postoperative period, low doses of propofol (up to 2 mg/kg/h for 10 hours), along with remifentanil (up to 0.0016 mg/kg/h for 20 hours), midazolam, and tramadol, were neede...
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
AbstractSevoflurane is one of the most widely used anesthetics with recent concerns rising about its pediatric application. The synaptic toxicity and mechanisms underlying its long term cognition impairment remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the expression and roles of homeodomain interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2), a stress activating kinase involved in neuronal survival and synaptic plasticity, and its downstream JNK/c ‐Jun signaling in the long term toxicity of neonatal Sevoflurane exposure. Our data showed that neonatal Sevoflurane exposure results in impairment of memory, enhancement of anxiety,...
Source: Journal of Neurochemistry - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusions: Conscious sedation with nitrous oxide is a useful technique to add to the armamentarium used in the treatment of teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis.
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough patients appear to tolerate office procedures well, providers should recognize the potential for significant fluctuations in blood pressure during the procedure, especially in older patients.
Source: International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Preoperative fasting times in pediatric patients far exceed the durations set by international guidelines. Given that many children reported extreme feelings of hunger and thirst or emotional effects from the fast, these durations need to be optimized in order to improve patient experience. PMID: 31665824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: About one third of the participating departments already perform VATS in LA; others have plans to introduce the method. The majority of respondents regard multimorbid, elderly and lung patients as the main target groups, as fewer inflammatory, respiratory and neurological complications are expected. PMID: 31639853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Zentralbl Chir Source Type: research
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