Impact of Baseline Central Retinal Thickness on Outcomes in the VIVID-DME and VISTA-DME Studies.
Impact of Baseline Central Retinal Thickness on Outcomes in the VIVID-DME and VISTA-DME Studies. J Ophthalmol. 2018;2018:3640135 Authors: Midena E, Gillies M, Katz TA, Metzig C, Lu C, Ogura Y Abstract Purpose: To report the impact of baseline central retinal thickness (CRT) on outcomes in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) in VIVID-DME and VISTA-DME. Methods: Post hoc analyses of two randomized controlled trials in which 862 DME patients were randomized 1 : 1 : 1 to treatment with intravitreal aflibercept 2.0 mg every 4 weeks (2q4), intravitreal aflibercept 2.0 mg every 8 weeks after five initial monthly doses (2q8), or macular laser photocoagulation at baseline and as needed. We compared visual and anatomical outcomes in subgroups of patients with baseline CRT
Authors: Pintaudi B, Di Vieste G, Corrado F, Lucisano G, Giunta L, D'Anna R, Di Benedetto A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Myo-inositol supplementation prevents gestational diabetes (GDM) in women at risk and reduces insulin resistance in women with GDM. No data are available about its effect on glucose variability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a supplementation of myo-inositol on glucose variability in women with GDM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Myo-inositol effect on glucose variability was studied in a pilot case-control study involving 12 consecutive pregnant women (median age 34 years, 25.0% insulin...
Investigation for TGF-β1 expression in type 2 diabetes and protective effects of TGF-β1 on osteoblasts under high glucose environment. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2018 Jan;22(19):6500-6506 Authors: Wang WD, Cheng BZ, Kang WB, Zheng RW, Cai YL, Wang XJ Abstract OBJECTIVE: The occurrence rate of delayed fracture healing in diabetes mellitus patients is high. Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is an important regulatory factor in bone tissue repair and regeneration. However, TGF-β1 expression and its function in diabetic patient fracture have not been fully elucidated. PATI...
CONCLUSIONS: Highly expressed FAL1 can promote proliferation and migration of endothelial cells through activating PTEN/AKT signaling pathway. PMID: 30338819 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Compelling experimental and human work has highlighted the close association connection between endoneurial microangiopathy and diabetic polyneuropathy. Future investigations will need to investigate the role of microvascular factors both in the periphery and the central nervous system in the pathogenesis of painful DPN. PMID: 30338814 [PubMed - in process]
TYPE 2 diabetes sufferers don ’t have to follow strict diet plans, but should watch what they eat so as to avoid a spike in blood sugar levels. Eat this type of birthday cake and follow these tips to ensure you can still enjoy a slice of celebratory cake without harming your blood sugar level.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, exercise-only interventions were effective at lowering the odds of developing GDM, GH and PE. PMID: 30337463 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Acute and chronic prenatal exercise reduced maternal circulating blood glucose concentrations, with a larger effect in women with diabetes. PMID: 30337462 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, HbA1c reduction was greater in patients with plant-based diet compared to patients with conventional diet. Further research should be conducted with larger sample size and longer follow-up period. PMID: 30333278 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Wardhana W, Rudijanto A Abstract Uric acid as the final result of purine bases metabolism. In high level condition, uric acid enters the cell and act as oxidant, and acts as independent risk factor and predicts the incident of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It may directly inactivate or through oxidative reaction that lower the nitric oxide (NO) level. Lower NO level will reduce insulin uptake in tissues and reduce in GLUT4 translocation in cell that will effect the blood glucose level. The High level of uric acid or hyperuricemia makes oxidative stress by inducing the production of reactive oxygen speci...
PMID: 30339240 [PubMed - in process]