Pain and mortality: mechanisms for a relationship

This study uses a novel approach to test whether lifestyle, health, social, and psychological factors mediate the relationship between pain and mortality. Survival analyses (Cox's proportional hazard modelling and a technique to assess mediation within survival models) were conducted on a large population study of adults aged 50 years or older from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (n = 6324). Data collected at wave 2 (2004) were used as baseline and follow-up was until 2012. The relationship between being “often troubled with pain” and mortality was examined. Lifestyle, health, social, and psychological factors were tested as potential mediators. The strongest mediating factors for the relationship between troubling pain and mortality were functional limitation (hazard ratio 1.31; 95% confidence interval 1.20-1.39), symptoms preventing walking quarter of a mile (1.45 [1.35–1.58]), physical inactivity (1.14 [1.10-1.20]), and poor self-rated health (1.32 [1.23-1.41]). Mediators of the relationship between troubling pain and mortality provide targets for preventive health programmes. Interventions to improve general health, activity, and function could improve long-term survival in patients with this clinical problem.
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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Resumo A s índrome da congestão pélvica (SCP) é definida como dor pélvica crônica há mais de 6 meses associada a varizes perineais ou vulvares, resultantes do refluxo ou obstrução das veias gonadais, glúteas ou periuterinas. A SCP é responsável por 16-31% dos casos de dor pélvica crônica, sendo d iagnosticada sobretudo na terceira e quarta décadas de vida. Nos últimos anos, houve um interesse maior nessa patologia por parte dos cirurgiões vasculares devido à sua associação com insufici&e...
Source: Jornal Vascular Brasileiro - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Introduction Exercise therapy (ET) is advocated as a treatment for chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP). However, therapy effect sizes remain low. In other chronic disorders, training at higher intensity has resulted in greater improvements on both general health related and disease specific outcomes compared to lower-intensity ET. Possibly, high-intensity training also improves effect sizes in CNSLBP. Objective To compare the effects of a high-intensity ET program with a similar moderate-intensity ET program on disability, pain, function, exercise capacity, and abdominal/back muscle strength in persons with CNS...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: CLINICAL SCIENCES Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: ED utilization after outpatient hand surgery is low, with postoperative pain being the most common cause of an ED visit at all time points. Nearly 98% of patients presenting to the ED for postoperative pain are subsequently discharged home. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Retrospective Cohort. PMID: 31714419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
We describe the reconstruction of high-grade extensor tendon tears using a knotless suture anchor and hypothesize that this will result in improved elbow pain and function with a high healing rate. Twenty chronic lateral epicondylitis patients with magnetic resonance imaging–confirmed high-grade extensor tendon tears underwent surgery using a knotless suture anchor technique. All underwent clinical and ultrasound assessments and completed the quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand and patient-rated tennis elbow evaluation questionnaires at final follow-up. Preoperative and postoperative Mayo Elbow Performa...
Source: Techniques in Shoulder and Elbow Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Techniques Source Type: research
We report a case, describe the surgical techniques used, and propose an algorithm for managing the treatment of a young patient who presents with bilateral posterior dislocations related to a seizure. At her most recent follow-up (57 mo postoperative for the left shoulder and 41 mo postoperative for the right shoulder), she denied any apprehension or instability in either shoulder and had no further dislocations. She reported mild chronic pain in both shoulders, worse in the right than the left. She has a smooth passive range of motion with no crepitus in either shoulder. Her range of motion in forward elevat...
Source: Techniques in Shoulder and Elbow Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Techniques Source Type: research
Conditions:   Pain Syndrome;   Pain, Chronic;   Knee Osteoarthritis Intervention:   Other: Pressure pain threshold and behavioural data Sponsor:   Acibadem University Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In this study, an animal model has been used to assess these effects.A rat model of long-term nicotine exposure was used. Von Frey mechanical sensory tests were performed. Western Blot and immunohistological analysis were conducted on spinal cord samples. Mechanical sensory thresholds increased in the initial period (1-3 weeks), indicating hyposensitivity. Long-term (4 -10 weeks) and under nicotine withdrawal, the mechanical sensory thresholds decreased, indicating hyperalgesia. During short-term nicotine exposure, glutamate decarboxylase 67 (GAD67), GAD65, and μ-opioid receptors (MOR) up-regulated. Beta-endorphins down...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) Today, the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) announced its role as a key collaborator in a first-of-its-kind National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant to investigate and understand the biological characteristics underlying the transition from acute to chronic pain and the subsequent dependence or addiction to opioids.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Authors: Morris AL, Colbourne T, Kirkpatrick I, Banerji V Abstract Nontraumatic chylous pleural effusions (chylothorax) and pericardial effusions (chylopericardium) are rare. They can, however, accompany intrathoracic malignancies and, most commonly, lymphomas. An association of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (cll) with chylopericardium has rarely been reported. A 68-year-old woman with cll, previously treated with single-agent fludarabine in the community, developed pleuritic chest pain and a new pericardial effusion. Computed tomography (ct) imaging of her chest revealed a large pericardial effusion with progressiv...
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to assess the value of MRI &direct magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) of the wrist for detecting &evaluating tears of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) &scapholunate &luno triquetral interosseous ligament(LTIL &SLIL) injuries in comparison with arthroscopy of the wrist .Materials &MethodsAll patients presenting with chronic wrist pain of more than 3 months duration with suspected ligament injuries were included . MRI was performed with 8 channel wrist coil on 1.5 Tesla machine. (PHILIPS, Netherlands). MRA was performed after obtaining consent. Retrospect...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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