Dyadic differences in friendships of adolescents with chronic pain compared with pain-free peers

A multisite cross-sectional study was conducted to examine dyadic friendship features between adolescents with chronic pain (ACP) and their friends compared with non-pain adolescent friendship dyads and the association of these friendship features with loneliness and depressive symptoms. Participants completed a battery of standardized measures to capture friendship features (friendship quality, closeness, and perceived social support from friends) and indices of social–emotional well-being. Sixty-one same sex friendship dyads (122 adolescents) participated; 30 friendship dyads included an adolescent with chronic pain and 52 dyads were female. Adolescents with chronic pain scored significantly higher on measures of loneliness and depressive symptoms compared with all other participants. Hierarchical Multiple Regression analysis revealed that friendship features predicted loneliness and depressive symptoms. Chronic pain predicted loneliness and depressive symptoms above and beyond friendship features. Actor Partner Interdependence Modeling found perceived social support from friends had differing associations on loneliness and depressive symptoms for dyads with a chronic pain member compared with pain-free control dyads. Friendship features were associated with loneliness and depressive symptoms for adolescents, but friendship features alone did not explain loneliness and depressive symptoms for ACP. Further research is needed to understand whether pain-related social su...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The Turkish version of the Neck Bournemouth Questionnaire is valid and reliable. Key Words: Health related quality of life, disability, chronic neck pain. PMID: 31731331 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Chronic back pain (CBP) is a major global health problem, while its treatment is hampered by a lack of efficacy and restricted safety profile of common frontline therapies. The present trial aims to determine whether a 3-week open-label placebo treatment reduces pain intensity and subjective and objective functional disability in patients with CBP. This randomized controlled trial, following a pretest–posttest design, enrolled 127 patients with CBP (pain duration>12 weeks) from the Back Pain Center, Neurology, University Hospital Essen, Germany. Patients randomized to the open-label placebo group received a 3-week...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: Similar to previous studies, our results suggest that patients suffering from CLBP differ with regard to the magnitude of mental burden and the presence of physical impairment. These differences ascertain the need for precise targeting of treatment for CLBP. Inpatient pain centers therefore should offer different multimodal therapy pathways and integrate a meaningful triage, taking into account the multifaceted nature of CLBP based on sophisticated knowledge about forms, differences, and relationships among the biopsychosocial components of CLBP. PMID: 31728134 [PubMed - in process]
Source: GMS German Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ger Med Sci Source Type: research
Many people struggle with chronic boredom. But what exactly is boredom and what are some ways to move beyond it? According to Wikipedia, “Boredom is an emotional and occasionally psychological state experienced when an individual is left without anything in particular to do, is not interested in their surroundings, or feels that a day or period is dull or tedious.” We all know the feeling. It is part of life. But sometimes it’s a symptom of something deeper that needs tending. In my psychotherapy practice, I see a few main causes for chronic states of boredom:  Boredom which functions...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Motivation and Inspiration Self-Help Boredom Source Type: blogs
DISCUSSION: ED utilization after outpatient hand surgery is low, with postoperative pain being the most common cause of an ED visit at all time points. Nearly 98% of patients presenting to the ED for postoperative pain are subsequently discharged home. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Retrospective Cohort. PMID: 31714419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Placebo effects, a sum of different factors including non-specific effects, regression to the mean, natural history, and placebo responses, substantially contribute to clinical outcomes in diseases such as Parkinson's disease, depression, and immune function, as well as in acute and chronic pain conditions.10,33 Recent studies on placebo effects implicate the importance of informational context relative to medical treatments, most of which have no direct therapeutic effects on the body.42 One distinct feature of every therapeutic intervention is price, or treatment cost.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Ruona E Abstract Purpose: To study the use of Vibroacoustic treatment and an added self-care intervention for improving the functioning and ability to work of patients with chronic pain and potential comorbid depressive and anxious symptoms.Materials and methods: A mixed methods study with four single cases. Participants received bi-weekly Vibroacoustic practitioner-led treatment sessions for five weeks, followed by a one-month washout period without treatments. Then, participants conducted four self-care vibroacoustic sessions per week for five weeks, followed by another month-long washout period. Participants ke...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have developed an injectable flexible electrode that can aid in neuromodulation therapy, potentially replacing more rigid electrodes that do not mesh well with soft tissues. The injectable material c...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiology Materials Medicine Neurology Neurosurgery Pain Management Sports Medicine Source Type: blogs
The feeling of abandonment can span through all types of relationships and in this episode, we focus on friendships. Have you ever had a close friend abandon you or have you ever exited a friendship without notice? The emotions and actions surrounding the abandonment of friends can be complex and hurtful, but they are very real and can hurt deeply.  In this episode, Jackie recounts friendships that were very important to her and how she’s handling the loss of them. (Transcript Available Below) SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW About The Not Crazy Podcast Hosts Gabe Howard is an award-winning writer and speaker who live...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Communication Family Friends General Grief and Loss Not Crazy Podcast Relationships Source Type: blogs
(University of Wisconsin-Madison) By electrically stimulating nerves, neuromodulation therapies can reduce epileptic seizures, soothe chronic pain, and treat depression and a host of other health conditions without the use of conventional drugs like opioids. Now, University of Wisconsin-Madison biomedical engineers and their collaborators have made a significant advance that could dramatically reduce the cost of neuromodulation therapy, increase its reliability and make it much less invasive.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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