AI can detect, assess white-matter lesions on CT scans

Researchers from the U.K. have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI can prescreen chest CT studies for pneumothorax AI can help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans AI, radiomics help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans Infervision debuts AI stroke screening software AI predicts dementia years before symptoms occur
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Anatomical variations should be expected in the pediatric population. Familiarity with their point prevalence and associations may assist pediatric endoscopic sinus surgery planning. PMID: 30778427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Rhinology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Rhinology Source Type: research
Authors: Braun OÖ, Nilsson J, Gustafsson F, Dellgren G, Fiane AE, Lemström K, Hubbert L, Hellgren L, Lund LH Abstract OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess complications and mortality and its predictors, with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) in the Nordic Countries. DESIGN: This was a retrospective, international, multicenter cohort study. RESULTS: Between 1993 - 2013 442 surgically implanted long-term mechanical assist devices were used among 8 centers in the Nordic countries. Of those, 238 were CF-LVADs (HVAD or HeartMate II) implanted in patients>18 ye...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research
Authors: Najjar E, Ljung Faxén U, Hage C, Donal E, Daubert JC, Linde C, Lund LH Abstract OBJECTIVES: Soluble suppression of tumorigenecity 2 (sST2) is prognostic in acute and chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) but less studied in HF with preserved EF (HFpEF). We evaluated sST2 concentrations, correlations with biomarkers and echocardiographic measures of diastolic and systolic function, and associations with outcomes in HFpEF and HFrEF. DESIGN AND RESULTS: A total of 193 subjects from three different cohorts were included. Eighty-six HFpEF patients were obtained from the Karolin...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research
Consider this practice scenario: A skilled long-term care facility patient with severe dementia tells a registered dietitian nutritionist that she no longer wants to be fed via her gastrostomy feeding tube. She has no advanced directive. The resident ’s daughter wants her mother to be fed.1
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Practice Applications Source Type: research
Jeffrey R. Vitt, Michael Trillanes, J. Claude Hemphill
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Simril RT, Scannell BP, Wally MK, LeFlore MH, Seymour RB, Hsu JR, Beuhler M, Bosse MJ, Gerkin E, Gibbs M, Griggs C, Jarrett S, Leas D, Runyon M, Saha A, Schiro S, Watling B, Wyatt S Abstract The purpose of this article is to describe opioid prescribing patterns for children with orthopaedic injuries. A retrospective chart review was conducted on pediatric orthopaedic trauma patients (n = 124) who were discharged from the hospital or emergency department or had a clinic visit during a 1-month period. Patient demographics, prescription specifics, injury details, and fracture fixation information were collect...
Source: Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Surg Orthop Adv Source Type: research
This study shows that the cavus fibula is truly more posterior in patients with high arches. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 27(4):255-260, 2018). PMID: 30777822 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Surg Orthop Adv Source Type: research
By Christian Jarrett The famous studies of London’s taxi drivers – showing they have larger hippocampi (the comma-shaped brain structure in the temporal lobes) than controls – have become a staple of undergrad psychology courses and a classic example of how your brain changes according to what you do with it. Many other studies have also implied an association between hippocampal size and navigational ability – for instance, people with Alzheimer’s, who have lost neurons in this brain structure, tend to experience problems finding their way around. For some time, then, an obvious, though tenta...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain Source Type: blogs
DISCUSSION: An extensive search of the medical literature found very few papers about ESRD, dialysis, or renal transplant that mentioned the race of the patients before 1975. While the search did not reveal whether race was explicitly used in determining patient access to dialysis or transplant, the scant data that exist show that African-Americans disproportionately developed ESRD and were underrepresented in these early treatment populations. Transplant outcome data in the United States failed to include race demographics until the late 1970s. The Social Security Act of 1972 (PL 92-603) extended Medicare coverage to almo...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Both DBB and MAB showed sufficient volume stability at T2 (mean 6.3 ± 1.6 months) postoperatively for 10- to 13-mm-implant placement without the need for additional grafting. PMID: 30779821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants Source Type: research
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