Learning-related emotions in multimedia learning: An application of control-value theory

Publication date: December 2018 Source:Learning and Instruction, Volume 58 Author(s): Lisa Stark, Elisa Malkmus, Robin Stark, Roland Brünken, Babette Park The present study investigated assumptions of Control-value Theory of Achievement Emotions in multimedia learning. By applying an experimental 2x2-factorial between-subject design, the factors learner control (high vs. low) and value induction (high vs. low) were systematically varied. Results showed that high learner control led to higher perceived control and higher learning outcomes. There were no main effects of value induction. Significant interaction effects showed that the group with induction of a high positive task value and high learner control had most positive learning-related emotions and highest learning outcomes. Serial mediation analyses revealed that the main effect of learner control on learning outcomes was serially mediated by perceived control, learning-related emotions, and use of cognitive resources. The interaction effect on learning outcomes was serially mediated by control and value appraisals, learning-related emotions, and use of cognitive resources, as well. In particular, the results of the serial mediation analyses support assumptions of Control-value Theory and its validity in an experimental setting.
Source: Learning and Instruction - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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This article focuses on anatomical variations of knee ligaments, which can mimics pathological structures. Well-known and less common ligaments that are sporadically observed and may raise the most doubt will be discussed. Familiarity with those variations of ligaments is indispensable for precise MRI reporting to avoid misinterpretation as meniscal tears, loose bodies or mass lesions especially in cases. This paper is addressed to both radiology and orthopaedics specialists. Illustrations show discussed ligaments in standard planes while, for less known ligaments, we add information on how to adjust planes to properly vis...
Source: Folia Morphologica - Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the fact that accessory anterior thoracic wall and axillary muscles are considered to be rare, it is evident that the incidence of at least some of them is high enough to encounter them in clinical practice. Thus, clinicians' awareness of these anatomical structures is advisable. PMID: 30664230 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Folia Morphologica - Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: PIT is a rare variation with a similar frequency among men and women. It is diagnosed by CT and when symptomatic the optimal treatment is surgery. PMID: 30664229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Folia Morphologica - Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This anatomical study traced valuable surgical coordinates useful for performing selective peripheral neurotomy on the nerve branch innervating the FHL. PMID: 30664228 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Folia Morphologica - Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Chantal Mathieu
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Inge B Halberg, Karsten Lyby, Karsten Wassermann, Tim Heise, Eric Zijlstra, Leona Plum-MörschelSummaryBackgroundOral insulin 338 (I338) is a long-acting, basal insulin analogue formulated in a tablet with the absorption-enhancer sodium caprate. We investigated the efficacy and safety of I338 versus subcutaneous insulin glargine (IGlar) in patients with type 2 diabetes.MethodsThis was a phase 2, 8-week, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled, parallel trial completed at two research institutes i...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn conclusion, metabolically health status and BMI are associated with risk of depression. Metabolically unhealthy situation increased risk of depression greater than metabolically healthy status.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionInverse correlation present between plasma zinc, calcium and magnesium level and BMI and waist circumference, but positive correlation seen between phosphate level and waist circumference. Further studies are needed to evaluate the effect of dietary or supplemental interventions on obesity and central obesity.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionObesity defined by a high BMI was not found to be a significant risk factor for micro/macroalbuminuria in hypertensive patients with a poor estimated glomerular filtration rate, when diabetes mellitus and the low eGFR value act as confounders.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this study, age was the strongest determinant of diabetes. And then type 2 diabetes is mainly attributable to WHR, significantly more so in women than men. Therefore, central obesity probably should be considered as a major strategy for reducing incidence of type 2 diabetes.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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