High Altitude Pulmonary Hypertension.

High Altitude Pulmonary Hypertension. Cardiovasc Hematol Disord Drug Targets. 2018 May 17;: Authors: Bussotti M, Marchese G Abstract The effects of hypoxia on the human organism has been considered doubly fascinating by the scientific community: the knowledge of the discrete mechanisms allowing the acclimatization both at the genetic level or through the cell mediators production in addition to the macroscopic responses of the cardio-circulatory and ventilatory systems to a hypoxic environment has been progressively developed since the last century; moreover granting a safer stay in hypoxic conditions not only for the residents but also for the different cathegories of workers, sportsmen and tourists has been considered a worthy aim of the medical activity. The effects of hypoxia were simulated in laboratory by means of an induced low pressure environment (normobaric hypoxia) or tested on the subjects at different levels of altitude (hypobaric hypoxia). Far from describing all the physiological and pathological responses of the organism, in this review the Authors expose the state of the art in the knowledge of the responsiveness of the pulmonary circle to the acute or chronic hypoxic condition, its possible progression to the pulmonary arterial hypertension, the latter being more appropriately named High-Altitude Pulmonary Hypertension. Currently available therapeutic options in the treatment of High-Altitude Pulmonary Hypertension are also reviewed. ...
Source: Cardiovascular and Hematological Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Cardiovasc Hematol Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research

Related Links:

In this study, we examined the role of SMP30 in pulmonary vasculature using SMP30-deficient mice.We used female SMP30-deficient mice and wild-type littermate (WT) mice at the age of 12 to 18 weeks. The WT and SMP30-deficient mice were exposed to normoxia or hypoxia (10% oxygen for 4 weeks). In normoxia, the right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) was not different between the WT and SMP30-deficient mice, but in hypoxia, the RVSP was significantly higher in the SMP30-deficient mice compared to the WT mice (P
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
Interstitial lung disease represents a group of diffuse parenchymal lung diseases with overwhelming morbidity and mortality when complicated by acute respiratory failure. Recently, trials investigating outcomes and their determinants have provided insight into these high mortality rates. Pulmonary hypertension is a known complication of interstitial lung disease and there is high prevalence in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, connective tissue disease, and sarcoidosis subtypes. Interstitial lung disease associated pulmonary hypertension has further increased mortality with acute respiratory failure, and there is limited evid...
Source: Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to analyze the demographics, dispositions and the rates of return visits for PH patients visiting the ED, focusing on PH patients identified as having high frequency visits.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPulmonary hypertension (PH) is a complex and progressive disease characterized by increased pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary artery pressure, leading to pulmonary vascular remodeling, right heart failure, and ultimately death. Although several molecular pathways related to vascular remodeling have been reported, the mechanism behind this fatal disease with poor prognosis remains largely unclear. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proven to be playing crucial roles in various biological processes, and emerging studies demonstrated lncRNAs as essential epigenetic modifiers involved in the onset and de...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis model for sildenafil in CDH patients shows that concentration-targeted sildenafil dosing of 0.4 mg/kg in 3 h, followed by 1.6 mg/kg/day continuous infusion achieves appropriate sildenafil plasma levels.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Source: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences - Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) often complicates chronic left-sided heart failure, with a remarkable impact on quality of life, exercise capacity, and survival. PH in chronic left-sided heart failure (PH-LHD) is not only caused by backward transmission of pressures but also involves impairment of atrial function, inflammation, and vasoconstriction. Once the left atrium loses its reservoir capacity, usually pulmonary vascular resistances increase. Right atrial dilation commonly represents the first sign of PH-LHD, before right ventricle dilatation and systolic dysfunction develop, leading to right heart insufficiency, and ulti...
Source: Heart Failure Clinics - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
We describe the case of a 3-year-old autistic boy with undiagnosed scurvy who was scheduled for cardiac catheterization. Immediately after induction, the patient became hemodynamically unstable, which worsened with administration of nitrous oxide. Cardiac catheterization revealed pulmonary hypertension, which dramatically improved with administration of vitamin C. Anesthesiologists should be aware that scurvy is more common than previously thought, even in developed countries and can cause unexpected circulatory collapse from pulmonary hypertensive crisis.
Source: A&A Case Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Conclusions:Cardiopulmonary complications are common in patients with scleroderma, one of which may be sleep-disordered breathing. In our cohort, approximately one-third of individuals with scleroderma had evidence of sleep-disordered breathing. Moreover, the rate of sleep-disordered breathing in our population of scleroderma patients was twice the rate of pulmonary hypertension and was approximately the same as the rate of interstitial lung disease. Future prospective studies are needed to further assess the role of sleep-disordered breathing in scleroderma clinical outcomes.Citation:Nokes BT, Raza HA, Cartin-Ceba R, Lyng...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
This study was designed to evaluate the regulatory roles of miR-200b in cor pulmonale. Cor pulmonary mouse model was built via monocrotaline injection of monocrotaline (MCT). The expression of miR-200b in the lungs, RV and left ventricle (LV) using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The transthoracic echocardiography was employed to determine the effects of miR-200b mimics and Gö6976 injection on MCT mice. The protein levels of protein kinase C α (PKCα), collagen, and fibronectin in the lung, RV, and LV in the mice with and without miR-200b mimics and Gö6976 injection were evaluated using western bl...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Drugs & Pharmacology | Environmental Health | Genetics | Heart | Hematology | Hypertension | Laboratory Medicine | Pulmonary Hypertension