Hotel Pools and Hot Tubs Are Major Sources of Waterborne Illness Outbreaks, CDC Says

You may want to think twice before taking a dip on your next vacation, according to the results of a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Between 2000 and 2014, the CDC recorded 493 disease outbreaks related to treated recreational water, resulting in more than 27,000 illnesses and eight deaths. And in almost a third of those outbreaks, the infections could be traced back to hotel pools, hot tubs and spas, the CDC says. In hotels, pools were a major culprit, but 65 cases stemmed from hot tubs or spas. Of the outbreaks with a confirmed cause, the vast majority — 94% — were due to pathogens, while the remaining outbreaks were caused by chemicals. Cryptosporidium (also called Crypto) — which is a parasite that causes diarrhea and other gastrointestinal issues — caused 212 outbreaks and more than 21,700 illnesses over the 14 years. It’s typically spread when a person swims while they have diarrhea, putting others at risk of swallowing contaminated water. Legionella, which causes the serious pneumonia-like illness Legionnaires’ disease, as well as the less-severe Pontiac fever, was responsible for 57 outbreaks and 624 illnesses. (At least six of the eight deaths were caused by Legionella, the CDC says.) Pseudomonas, which results in swimmer’s ear or a skin condition known as “hot tub rash,” caused 47 outbreaks and 920 infections. Outbreaks spiked during June, July and August, but they were obs...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime onetime public health Source Type: news

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This study and extension phase are registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01205152, and EudraCT, number 2009-009369-32.Findings11 participants were recruited between Oct 6, 2008, and Dec 4, 2009. Ten patients completed a 6 month treatment period and entered the extension phase; nine received asfotase alfa for at least 6 years and completed the study, with four being treated for more than 7 years. Skeletal healing was sustained over 7 years of treatment; all evaluable patients had RGI-C scores of at least +2 at year 6 (n=9; median score +2·0 [range 2·0–3·0]) and year 7 (n=7; median score +2...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This report presents a case of pneumonia-associated sepsis in a patient with a tracheostomy accompanied by third-stage larval Sarcophagidae. A 51-year-old male patient developed hypoxic brain injury after myocardial infarction 10 months ago before his admission to the hospital. Tracheostomy and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy were performed. Shortness of breath and fever were present for five days. The patient has been admitted to the emergency service with the reason for the deterioration of the general situation. The patient was unconscious. Purulent secretion in the tracheostomy area and bilateral crepitation rales ...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Authors: Oğuz Kaya İ, Doğruman Al F, Mumcuoğlu İ Abstract Microsporidia, obligate intracellular parasites, were first defined by Nageli in 1857. Microsporidia phylum consists of 200 genus and 1500 species. They have a wide host spectrum including insects, fish, and mammals. It has been shown that they may also infect humans and may be existed both in symptomatic and asymptomatic forms. There are eight species infecting humans, which include Anncaliia (Brachiola, Nosema), Encephalitozoon, Entrocytozoon, Microsporidium, Nosema, Pleistophora, Trachipleistophor, and Vittaforma. The species most commonly infect hum...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study compared the potential for reproduction of E.intestinalis in three human cell lines and monkey originated VERO cell line. This study demonstrated that cells derived from the tissues or organs where Microsporidia species causes disseminated infections could be infected by the parasitic spores in vitro. Additionally, the parasite can survive and propagate longer than six weeks. The authors believe that the results of this study will contribute to the further studies related to the parasite in the area of genetics, pharmacology, biochemistry, immunology and eradication studies. PMID: 30522424 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
This study reports an investigation of the determinants of the likelihood consumers will revisit a restaurant that has had a foodborne illness outbreak, including the moderating effects of restaurant type and consumer dining frequency. A scenario-based survey was distributed via Amazon's Mechanical Turk to collect data from 1034 respondents; the tally of valid responses was 1025. Partial least squares-based structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) showed perceived vulnerability and perceived severity to be statistically significant; both also negatively affected customer intentions to patronize restaurants cited for serving ...
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Milana Troskie, Lourens de Villiers, Andrew Leisewitz, Marinda C. Oosthuizen, Melvyn QuanAbstractCanine babesiosis is caused by tick-transmitted intraerythrocytic protozoan parasites occurring worldwide. In southern Africa, babesiosis is caused by Babesia rossi and B. vogeli and is one of the most common and important infectious diseases affecting dogs. There is no reliable, rapid and sensitive method for the detection of these parasites, especially when parasitaemia is low. The aim of this study was to develop a sensitive an...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Abstract Nearly 1 million people become infected every day with any of the four major curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs), namely trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Despite huge global incidence, STIs remain as neglected diseases. The success of antiretrovirals for halting progression to AIDS in HIV-infected individuals and for stopping HIV transmission to uninfected contacts, either as pre- or post-exposure -prophylaxis, has to lead to increased risky sexual behaviors through risk compensation. Recent epidemics and outbreaks of STIs among men having sex with men reflect the global loss...
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology JournalAuthor(s): Hirokazu Yano, Masaki Shintani, Masaru Tomita, Haruo Suzuki, Taku OshimaAbstractPlasmids are genetic parasites of microorganisms. The genomes of naturally occurring plasmids are expected to be polished via natural selection to achieve long-term persistence in the microbial cell population. However, plasmid genomes are extremely diverse, and the rules governing plasmid genomes are not fully understood. Therefore, computationally designing plasmid genomes optimized for model and nonmodel organisms remains c...
Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Among gram-positive bacteria, high prevalence of resistance was observed in E. faecalis and CoNS whereas relatively low estimate of resistance was observed among GBS isolates. Within gram-negative bacteria, nearly half of isolates in N. gonorrhoea were found ciprofloxacin resistant. From enterobacteriaceae isolates, K. pneumonia and E. coli showed higher estimates of ciprofloxacin resistance. PMID: 30541613 [PubMed - in process]
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
Publication date: 21 February 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology, Volume 463Author(s): Jie Jiang, Anglu Shen, Hao Wang, Sanling YuanAbstractPhosphorus is an essential element for the growth and reproduction of algae. In recent years, the frequent outbreaks of algal blooms caused by eutrophication have drawn much attention to the influence of phosphate (P) uptake on the growth of algal cells. The previous study only considered the effect of total P pools on the P uptake process of algal cells and considered the process as one stage, which is insufficient. P uptake by algae is actually a two-stage kinetic process bec...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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