Hotel Pools and Hot Tubs Are Major Sources of Waterborne Illness Outbreaks, CDC Says
You may want to think twice before taking a dip on your next vacation, according to the results of a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Between 2000 and 2014, the CDC recorded 493 disease outbreaks related to treated recreational water, resulting in more than 27,000 illnesses and eight deaths. And in almost a third of those outbreaks, the infections could be traced back to hotel pools, hot tubs and spas, the CDC says. In hotels, pools were a major culprit, but 65 cases stemmed from hot tubs or spas. Of the outbreaks with a confirmed cause, the vast majority — 94% — were due to pathogens, while the remaining outbreaks were caused by chemicals. Cryptosporidium (also called Crypto) — which is a parasite that causes diarrhea and other gastrointestinal issues — caused 212 outbreaks and more than 21,700 illnesses over the 14 years. It’s typically spread when a person swims while they have diarrhea, putting others at risk of swallowing contaminated water. Legionella, which causes the serious pneumonia-like illness Legionnaires’ disease, as well as the less-severe Pontiac fever, was responsible for 57 outbreaks and 624 illnesses. (At least six of the eight deaths were caused by Legionella, the CDC says.) Pseudomonas, which results in swimmer’s ear or a skin condition known as “hot tub rash,” caused 47 outbreaks and 920 infections. Outbreaks spiked during June, July and August, but they were obs...
Abstract Parasitism is a common symbiotic interaction across diverse natural systems. Using a comparative evolutionary approach, we investigated the contributions of both host phylogeny and abiotic factors toward diversification of phylogenetically independent endoparasites that inhabit essentially the same physical space. We tested for host-parasite and parasite-parasite phylogenetic concordance in western North American chipmunks (Rodentia: Sciuridae) and two distantly related species of pinworms (Nematoda: Oxyurida). Deep structure in molecular phylogenies revealed signals of host-associated divergence in both ...
The 2014-2016 Ebola virus (EBOV) outbreak in West Africa provided evidence for skin being a route of human to human viral transmission. Yet, the skin cell populations that are susceptible to EBOV infection and support EBOV replication are unknown. To investigate what skin cell types support EBOV, we utilized a human organ culture model where skin explants are cultured on nylon inserts at the air-liquid interface and a BSL2 replication competent recombinant virus, EBOV GP-rVSV. Exposure to 102, 104 or 106 pfu resulted in a dose- and time-dependent increase in GFP fluorescence in intact skin and an associated increase in vir...
MEASLES has hit Europe hard in the last six months with more than 41,000 children and adults being infected. How do you know if you ’ve got the virus? There are four distinguishable symptoms of the rash to look out for.
ConclusionsFrailty, as indicated by frailty index, was associated with major respiratory complications, particularly respiratory failure after tracheobronchoplasty. Preoperative identification of frailty may help guide decision making for patients considering this effective, although arduous procedure.
Publication date: September 2018Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 106, Issue 3Author(s): Tammy Ju, Lisbi Rivas, Babak SaraniPleural space or chest wall infection is a contraindication to surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) because of the risk of hardware infection. However, the exact degree of risk is uncertain. SSRF is associated with a decreased need for mechanical ventilation and pneumonia. This case report describes a patient with polytrauma and Candida colonization of the mediastinum who successfully underwent SSRF.
ConclusionsVPX resulted in improved outcomes and savings that far offset the cost of the device, suggesting that replacing SET with VPX is overall beneficial. Findings were robust to extreme values of key variables.
Rodrigo A. L ópez-Muñoz, Alfredo Molina-Berríos, Carolina Campos-Estrada, Patricio Abarca-Sanhueza, Luis Urrutia-Llancaqueo, Miguel Peña-Espinoza, Juan D. Maya
In this report, we review the contemporary ICU care of the severe influenza patient.
Health leaders are warning people in England to get up to date with their measles vaccine, following a “dramatic” rise in outbreaks across Europe.
CONCLUSIONS Research focused on studying the wild animal fauna in preserved and underexplored environments has made it possible to elucidate indispe nsable components of different epidemiological chains of diseases with zoonotic potential.