Hypophyseal Involvement in Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease: A Retrospective Study from a Single Tertiary Center.

Conclusions. IgG4-RD is a broad disease, and all physicians involved have to be aware of the possibility of pituitary dysfunction. Younger patients should be expected. The histopathological feature of pituitary gland biopsy could be atypical. For patients with a longer history, the combination of GC and immunosuppressive agents is favorable. Early and adequate courses of treatment are crucial for the management of IgG4-RH. With GC and/or immunosuppressant treatment, however, pituitary function or diabetes insipidus did not improve considerably. PMID: 29755523 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Preoperative analysis of retinal atrophy with optic coherence tomography allows a reliable assessment of the patient's visual outcome in CPs involving the optic chiasm. PMID: 30775061 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
ConclusionThis is the first case of a compound heterozygote patient with a missense mutation involving NM_000486.5:exon2:c.374C>T (p.Thr125Met) and a gross deletion of at least exons 2, 3, and partially 4 on theAQP2 to present with a severe NDI phenotype.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
J Neurol Surg B DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1679896Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak is a complication of endoscopic endonasal pituitary adenoma resection. Previous studies examining complications of pituitary adenoma resection have not examined associations of an exhaustive list of clinical and financial variables with CSF leak. We designed a retrospective analysis of 334 consecutive patients that underwent endoscopic endonasal pituitary adenoma resection at a single institution over 5 years, analyzing associations between CSF leak and demographic data, operative data, comorbidities, clinical complications and outcomes, costs, charg...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B: Skull Base - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Authors: Woods C, Thompson CJ Abstract Diabetes insipidus is a common complication of pituitary surgery, occurring acutely in 18-30% of operations. Most patients recover full posterior function but a minority sustain sufficient damage to vasopressin-secreting neurons to develop permanent diabetes insipidus. The triplephase response, comprising early transient diabetes insipidus, followed by a period of antidiuresis and hyponatremia, before resolving into permanent diabetes insipidus, is an uncommon but important variant. Diabetes insipidus is more common following surgery for craniopharyngioma compared with pituita...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo provide a practical overview of the management of the potential organ donor in the intensive care unit.MethodsSeven areas of donor management were considered for this review: hemodynamic management; fluids and electrolytes; respiratory management; endocrine management; temperature management; anaemia and coagulation; infection management. For each subchapter, a narrative review was conducted.Results and conclusionsMost elements in the current recommendations and guidelines are based on pathophysiological reasoning, epidemiological observations, or extrapolations from general ICU management strategies, and...
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Authors: Kondo T, Nakamura M, Kawashima J, Matsumura T, Ohba T, Yamaguchi M, Katabuchi H, Araki E Abstract Although hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), an extreme form of morning sickness, is a common complication during pregnancy, HG associated simultaneous onset of rhabdomyolysis and diabetes insipidus due to electrolyte abnormalities are rare. A 34-year-old woman with severe HG at 17 weeks of gestation complicated with appetite loss, weight reduction by 17 kg, general fatigue, myalgia, weakness and polyuria was identified to have simultaneous hypophosphatemia (1.6 mg/dL) and hypokalemia (2.0 mEq/L). Appetite recovery a...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
This report suggests that the patient likely experienced a medication-induced DI, which was successfully resolved through proper identification of the causative agent, removal, and subsequent treatment with desmopressin. Causality assessment between ketamine and DI was determined using the Naranjo Adverse Drug Reaction Probability Scale-a total score of 7 was achieved and thus identified the adverse drug reaction as probable. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility that ketamine may be contributory in a patient with unexplained DI. PMID: 30702377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy - Category: Palliative Care Tags: J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother Source Type: research
Conclusions The present case demonstrates a safe endoscopic transnasal surgical resection of a rare suprasellar tumor, mixed teratoma, with intra-axial extension. The endoscopic transnasal approach can be considered a valid option for a suprasellar lesion. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions Intracranial chondroma sometimes manifests as intracranial hemorrhage and grows comparatively rapidly in a short period despite the benign histologic features. A long and careful follow-up period is essential. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Diabetes insipidus and the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion lie at opposite ends of the spectrum of disordered renal handling of water. Whereas renal retention of water insidiously causes hypotonic hyponatremia in syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, diabetes insipidus may lead to free water loss, hypernatremia, and volume depletion. Hypernatremia and hyponatremia are associated with worse outcomes and longer intensive care stays. Moreover, pathologies causing polyuria and hyponatremia in patients in intensive care may be multiple, making diagnosis challenging. We provide an app...
Source: Critical Care Clinics - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Source Type: research
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