Music Offers Many Cognitive, Emotional and Physical Benefits to Young and Old

“Music is therapy. Music moves people. It connects people in ways that no other medium can. It pulls heart strings. It acts as medicine.” — Macklemore Much research over the years has centered on the potential, perceived and realized benefits of music. In fact, the area of study has blossomed, growing from the preliminary findings of earlier studies to recent ones that built upon them. What’s exciting is the widespread and diverse benefits that music offers to everyone, young, old and in-between. Musical training gives babies’ brains a boost. Even before babies can walk or talk, they can benefit from receiving musical training. That’s the finding from a 2012 study. In the first study of its kind, researchers from McMaster University found that one-year-old babies who engaged in interactive music lessons with their parents were better able to communicate: they smiled more, were easier to soothe, displayed less distress when things didn’t go their way. Babies in the music lessons study group were also able to point at things out of reach and wave goodbye. Children who regularly attend and participate in music classes benefit from improvements in speech and reading. A 2014 study found that attendance and participation by children in music classes – especially music classes involving instrument playing – exhibited improvements in neural processing of sound after two years of classes. The researchers at Northwestern University ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Creativity Happiness Health-related Motivation and Inspiration Research Self-Esteem Stress Coping Emotional Support Music Therapy musical therapy Source Type: blogs

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AbstractBackgroundChronic pain is a substantial burden on the Australian healthcare system with an estimated 19.2% of Australians experiencing chronic pain. Knowledge of the neurophysiology and multidimensional aspects of pain is imperative to ensure health professionals apply a biopsychosocial approach to pain. Questionnaires may be used to assess learner changes in neurophysiology knowledge and beliefs and attitudes towards pain after education interventions.The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in pain neurophysiology knowledge, beliefs and attitudes following a 12  week clinically-focused pain module in ye...
Source: Chiropractic and Manual Therapies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
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Authors: Arockiaraj J, Robert M, Rose W, Amritanand R, David KS, Krishnan V Abstract Study Design: Retrospective case series. Purpose: The aim of the study is to report the clinical characteristics, early diagnosis, management, and outcome of children with multidrug-resistant (MDR) tubercular spondylodiscitis and to assess the early detection of rifampicin resistance using the Xpert MTB/ RIF assay. Overview of Literature: MDR tuberculosis is on the rise, especially in developing countries. The incidence rate of MDR has been reported as 8.9% in children. Methods: A retrospective study of children aged
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Conclusions: ABL is common (57.1%). It occurs at an early stage (within 3 months) and typically follows a non-progressive natural history with stable radiographic features after the first year. Most ABL cases are mild, but severe ABL occurs in approximately 3% of CDAs. ABL does not affect the patients' clinical outcome or the requirement for revision surgery. Surgeons should thus treat patients undergoing CDA considering ABL. PMID: 30326692 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Authors: Banala RR, Vemuri SK, Penkulinti M, Av GR, Gpv S Abstract Study Design: To induce scoliosis in young female Wistar rats using a noninvasive method and to validate this model. Purpose: To induce scoliosis in a rat model noninvasively by bracing and to study the corresponding gene-expression profile in the spine and different organs. Overview of Literature: Scoliosis involves abnormal lateral curvature of the spine, the causes of which remain unclear. In the literature, it is suggested that scoliosis is genetically heterogeneous, as there are multiple factors involved directly or indirectly in its pa...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Authors: Bezalel T, Carmeli E, Kalichman L Abstract Study Design: Cross-sectional analytical study. Purpose: To evaluate the spinal radiological features in patients with Scheuermann's disease and the association between the thoracic kyphosis angle and clinical presentation. Overview of the Literature: Scheuermann's disease is the most common cause of hyperkyphosis of the thoracic and thoracolumbar spine in adolescents; however, literature is limited in this area. Methods: Data regarding 150 successive X-ray images of 95 males and 55 females diagnosed with Scheuermann's disease were retrieved from the digit...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Authors: Ansari NN, Komesh S, Naghdi S, Fakhari Z, Alaei P Abstract Study Design: A prospective, within-group cohort study of 46 patients with chronic low-back pain (CLBP). Purpose: To assess the responsiveness of the Persian Functional Rating Index (PFRI) and to determine the minimal clinically important change (MCIC) of the PFRI in a cohort of patients with CLBP. Overview of Literature: The FRI is an instrument for assessing pain and disability in patients with low-back pain. No study so far has examined the responsiveness of the PFRI. Methods: Forty-six patients with CLBP with a mean age of 50.33&plu...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Inclusion of the fracture level in short-segment fixation for thoracolumbar fracture dislocation (McCormack load-sharing score ≤6) gives good kyphosis correction and correction maintenance. It can also obviate the need for traditional long-segment fixation. PMID: 30326687 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
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