His Tooth is Funny Looking. What is It?
Discussion Teeth are specialized anatomic parts of the human body that are developed between the ectoderm and ecomesenchyme in a complex process called odontogenesis. More than 300 genes have been identified that influence odontogenesis. Dental abnormalities can have significance for cosmesis, malocclusion, dental caries and periodontal diseases. It is not uncommon for more than 1 area to be affected. For example, Hutchinson teeth which are caused by congenital syphilis are smaller with wider spacing between the teeth within the arch, and also have a characteristic notching. Learning Point Some common dental problems that may be seen or heard about by pediatricians include: Tooth eruption Ankylosis Natal teeth Usually prematurely erupted primary teeth that are present at birth Neonatal teeth erupt in first month Usually lower incisors (85%) and maxillary incisors (11%) Developmental issues Number Anodontia No teeth Hypodontia 1 or more fewer teeth Common, usually in permanent dentitia Etiology – genetic and includes: Albright hereditary osteodystrophy Crouzon’s syndrome Down syndrome Ectodermal dysplasia Ellis-van Creveld Hallermann-Streiff Incontinentia pigmenti Progeria Hyperdontia Increased number of teeth More common in permanent teeth especially maxillary incisors Etiology includes: Apert syndrome Cleidocranial dysplasia Craniometaphyseal dysplasia Oral-Facial-Digital Size Microdontia Smaller teeth than usual, generally uncommon Maxillary...
ConclusionThe final number of studies was six; all of them dealt with the question of oral manifestations found in patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa, and presented validity and consistency in their methodological structure and results.
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Publication date: Available online 6 May 2019Source: Journal of Evidence Based Dental PracticeAuthor(s): Howard PollickArticle Title and Bibliographic InformationWater Fluoridation and Dental Caries in U.S. Children and Adolescents. Slade GD, Grider WB, Maas WR, Sanders AE. J Dent Res 2018;97(10):1122-8.Source of FundingNational Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research of the National Institutes of Health under award number UH2DE025494.Type of Study/DesignCross-sectional study.
Dr. Randi Hagerman is on the front lines of developing new treatments for kids with autism, Down syndrome and other developmental disorders.
This illustrated video reviews key aspects of the pathology, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of syphilis.
Dental caries in the expanding elderly, predominantly-dentate population is an emerging public health concern. Elderly individuals with heavily restored dentitions represent a clinical challenge and significan...
Conclusion: We found a high rate of hyperuricemia in children with DS that equally affects both genders, except in the age range of 13-15 years, in which it was more common among females.RESUMEN Introducci ón: Pacientes con síndrome de Down (SD) perecen tener mayor grado de hiperuricemia, aunque hay pocos estudios que traten esa cuestión. Niveles elevados de ácido úrico (AU) son un factor de riesgo independiente para enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica. Objetivo: Estudiar la prevalencia d e hiperuricemia en niños y adolescentes con SD y su distribución de acuerd...
We report the outer retinal findings on en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the alteration of choriocapillaris flow findings on OCT angiography in a patient with ASPPC at the time of presentation, after penicillin treatment completion and during follow-up.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019;10:165 –171
The purpose of this paper is to identify risk factors for decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) in a population of 12 –15-year-old schoolchildren and to apply the marginalized zero-inflated negative binomial (MZINB) model for determination and estimation of the overall effects of the risk factors. A cross-sectional survey comprising 764 students aged between 12 and 15 years was used to analyze the association bet ween caries in children and some background characteristics in children and their parents. Information on the samples’ social, behavioral, and demographic status was obtained through a se...
ConclusionsDental caries and its complications like pulpal problems were the most important reason for children who underwent GA combined with young age (
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