His Tooth is Funny Looking. What is It?

Discussion Teeth are specialized anatomic parts of the human body that are developed between the ectoderm and ecomesenchyme in a complex process called odontogenesis. More than 300 genes have been identified that influence odontogenesis. Dental abnormalities can have significance for cosmesis, malocclusion, dental caries and periodontal diseases. It is not uncommon for more than 1 area to be affected. For example, Hutchinson teeth which are caused by congenital syphilis are smaller with wider spacing between the teeth within the arch, and also have a characteristic notching. Learning Point Some common dental problems that may be seen or heard about by pediatricians include: Tooth eruption Ankylosis Natal teeth Usually prematurely erupted primary teeth that are present at birth Neonatal teeth erupt in first month Usually lower incisors (85%) and maxillary incisors (11%) Developmental issues Number Anodontia No teeth Hypodontia 1 or more fewer teeth Common, usually in permanent dentitia Etiology – genetic and includes: Albright hereditary osteodystrophy Crouzon’s syndrome Down syndrome Ectodermal dysplasia Ellis-van Creveld Hallermann-Streiff Incontinentia pigmenti Progeria Hyperdontia Increased number of teeth More common in permanent teeth especially maxillary incisors Etiology includes: Apert syndrome Cleidocranial dysplasia Craniometaphyseal dysplasia Oral-Facial-Digital Size Microdontia Smaller teeth than usual, generally uncommon Maxillary...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Condition:   Acromegaly Due to Pituitary Adenoma Interventions:   Other: GIP-A;   Other: Placebo Sponsors:   University of Copenhagen;   Rigshospitalet, Denmark;   Aarhus University Hospital;   Aalborg Universitetshospital;   Odense University Hospital;   Herlev and Gentofte Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion: The life course hypotheses regarding an influence of socioeconomic mobility and cumulative risk on oral health outcomes in youth were confirmed.Caries Res 2019;53:347 –355
Source: Caries Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
In contrast to “traditional” eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), individuals with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) exhibit eating pathology that is not driven by weight or shape concerns. ARFID can be diagnosed in individuals of any age whose pattern of ina dequate caloric intake and/or dietary variety leads to acute weight loss or chronic growth failure, nutritional deficiency, supplement dependence, and/or significant psychosocial interference.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Goltzman D Abstract Primary hyperparathyroidism is among the most common causes of hypercalcemia. However, ingestion of medication, including hydrochlorathiazide, lithium, and foscarnet, excessive vitamin A ingestion, endocrinopathies such as hyperthyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, and acromegaly, abnormal nutrient intake such as parenteral nutrition in preterm infants and milk-alkali syndrome, and prolonged immobilization have all been associated with hypercalcemia. The most common cause of nonparathyroid hypercalcemia is neoplasia. Hypercalcemia is generally due to the secretion of parathyroid hormone (P...
Source: Frontiers of Hormone Research - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Front Horm Res Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundA substantial rate of patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) also suffer from Borderline personality disorder (BN  + BPD). It is widely unknown how these comorbid patients with BN + BPD present and respond to inpatient treatment. Aims of the study were to examine (1) specific characteristics of patients with BN + BPD at admission, discharge, and during treatment, and (2) differential effects of inpa tient treatment for BN vs. BN + BPD.MethodWe analyzed routine data of inpatients admitted for the treatment of BN between 2013 and 2017 in a specialized hosp...
Source: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractComprehensive care for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and social needs for women living with HIV remains limited globally. We aimed to assess trends in baseline sociodemographic, clinical, sexual, and reproductive characteristics among a cohort of HIV-infected women in Rio de Janeiro from 1996 to 2016. Participants were stratified into four time periods based on year of enrollment; we compared cross-sectional data from each period. Of 1361 participants (median age 36), most were black or mixed race (60.1%), unemployed (52.1%), and without secondary education (54%). Adolescent pregnancy was common (51.5%), and...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2019Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Sen Hu, Yun Gao, Yiping Wu, Xiaoyu Guo, Ye Ying, Ying Wen, Haifeng YangAbstractThe detection of urease activity in the oral cavity is considered to be an efficient way to prevent dental caries and also to screen for helicobacter pylori infection. Herein, a rapid surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) method is proposed to determine the activity of urease by using inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) stabilized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs@IP6) as an efficient SERS-active substrate. The determination was achieved by monitoring the SER...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Conclusions Syphilis patients with HIV were nearly twice as likely to report OS symptoms as were patients without documented HIV. Human immunodeficiency virus–related immunodeficiency possibly increases the risk of OS development in co-infected patients.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Conclusions When MSM reported using cannabis exclusively fewer STIs were detected and lower risk sexual engagements reported than when MSM reported no drug or other drug use.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Background Louisiana has had the highest rates of congenital syphilis (CS) in the nation since 2012. Congenital syphilis case review boards were established statewide in 2016 to study CS cases and identify interventions. Methods We summarized the findings of CS review boards, assessed which cases were preventable by prenatal care providers, reviewed recommended interventions, and assessed subsequent improvement in provider practices. Results All 79 CS cases reported from January 2016 to July 2017 were reviewed by boards during August 2016 to August 2017. Twenty-six (33%) cases that could have been prevented by pren...
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: The Real World of STD Prevention Source Type: research
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