Effect of Multiple Doses of Omeprazole on the Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Roxadustat in Healthy Subjects

ConclusionMultiple daily oral doses of 40  mg omeprazole had no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of 100 mg roxadustat. Roxadustat was considered safe and well tolerated when administered alone or in combination with multiple daily oral doses of 40 mg omeprazole in healthy subjects.
Source: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 13 December 2018Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Joseph J Eron, Jean-Daniel Lelievre, Robert Kalayjian, Jihad Slim, Anson K Wurapa, Jeffrey L Stephens, Cheryl McDonald, Eric Cua, Aimee Wilkin, Brigitte Schmied, Mehri McKellar, Stephanie Cox, Sophia R Majeed, Shuping Jiang, Andrew Cheng, Moupali Das, Devi SenGuptaSummaryBackgroundCurrent treatment for HIV-infected individuals with renal failure on haemodialysis frequently requires complex regimens with multiple pills. A daily single-tablet regimen of coformulated elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide is approve...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Hamed SA Abstract INTRODUCTION: Uremic syndrome of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a term used to describe clinical, metabolic and hormonal abnormalities associated with progressive kidney failure. It is a rapidly growing public health problem worldwide. Nervous system complications occur in every patient with uremic syndrome of CKD. Areas covered: This review summarized central and peripheral nervous system complications of uremic syndrome of CKD and their pathogenic mechanisms. They include cognitive deterioration, encephalopathy, seizures, asterixis, myoclonus, restless leg syndrome, central pontine mye...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients with CKD had more often permanent type of AF. Percutaneous interventions of the left main coronary artery, the only elective procedures influencing patients ’ prognosis, were done more frequently in CKD patients with AF. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in patients with severe renal impairment. Despite the higher risk of ischaemic stroke in CKD group the use of oral anticoagulation therapy was significantly less frequent and the patients were deprived of the confirmed benefits of such treatment.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1796 –1805
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
In this study, we sought to better understand the characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of older patients with MM.Methods: We identified all patients diagnosed with MM at age 80 or older in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) database from 2007-2013 to determine incidence and outcomes. Subset analysis was then performed on patients included in the SEER-Medicare linked database who were enrolled in Medicare Parts A, B, and D to further explore patient characteristics and treatment patterns.Results: The incidence of MM increases over age, peaking after age 80. The annual incidence for those aged...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 651. Myeloma: Biology and Pathophysiology, excluding Therapy: Poster III Source Type: research
ConclusionMGUS is often incidentally detected as part of a work up for other medical conditions, and our results reveal that there is a variety of reasons for which monoclonal testing is performed. With recent developments in our understanding of the significance of monoclonal gammopathy and its association with certain renal and organ damage (Fermand et al., 2018; Leung et al., 2012), there may be a change in how the paraproteinemia investigations are utilized by clinicians in different disciplines. It will be important to recognize and establish appropriate indications for testing. Furthermore, MGUS patients present with...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 651. Myeloma: Biology and Pathophysiology, excluding Therapy: Poster III Source Type: research
Introduction: MGUS is generally an incidental finding in the diagnostic work-up for clinical signs and symptoms suggestive of lymphoplasmacytic malignancies (multiple myeloma, light chain amyloidosis, and Waldenström macroglobulinemia), which are relatively rare (
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 901. Health Services Research-Non-Malignant Conditions: Poster I Source Type: research
IntroductionIron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the leading cause of anemia in the United States. Although oral iron formulations can correct IDA, they are generally poorly tolerated due to gastrointestinal side effects and may require long term use to maintain normal hemoglobin. Intravenous iron is an alternative to oral iron especially in adults who cannot tolerate or absorb oral iron. Intravenous iron preparations avoid problems of malabsorption and can quickly correct IDA but little data exists on the safety or efficacy in patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD) with or without dialysis, heart failure, uterine bleedi...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 901. Health Services Research-Non-Malignant Conditions Source Type: research
BackgroundSickle cell disease (SCD) is a monogenetic disorder, with 300,000 to 400,000 infants born annually with the disease around the world (Kato et al, Nat Rev Dis Primers 2018). SCD is a progressively debilitating and life-threatening disease characterized by hemolytic anemia, painful vaso-occlusive events (VOEs) and persistent vasculopathy that result in significant morbidity, poor quality of life and early mortality. There is significant heterogeneity in clinical manifestations of SCD, given that vaso-occlusion and hemolysis-associated endothelial dysfunction may manifest in any tissue or organ. Severely affected pa...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 903. Outcomes Research-Non-Malignant Hematology: Poster III Source Type: research
Introduction: Pediatric patients with Sickle Cell Anemia (SCA) are at risk for developing albuminuria. Hyperfiltration precedes the development of albuminuria in patients with diabetes but the natural history of hyperfiltration on the progression to albuminuria has not been studied in children with SCA.Methods: We have enrolled 185 participants with HbSS or SB0 thalassemia in a prospective pediatric cohort study evaluating progression to chronic kidney disease; the mean current age of participants in this cohort is 14 years. We have abstracted 817 urine microalbumin creatinine measurements and 891 estimations of GFR (eGFR)...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 114. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia-Clinical: Organ Damage and Clinical Complications in Sickle Cell Disease Source Type: research
IntroductionBased on improvement of overall survival (OS), lenalidomide (R) maintenance after up-front autologous stem cell transplantation has recently been approved for multiple myeloma (MM) patients (pts). Conversely, in transplant non-eligible (TNE) pts R maintenance after R-based induction improved progression free survival (PFS) but had no impact on OS. First-line treatment with VMP is considered a standard of care for newly diagnosed (ND) TNE pts, but whether maintenance therapy with R after VMP induction can further improve PFS and OS is currently unknown.AimsThe prospective phase IIb GERMAIN trial (EudraCT-No: 201...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 653. Myeloma: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster I Source Type: research
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