Notes from the Field: Diarrhea and Acute Respiratory Infection, Oral Cholera Vaccination Coverage, and Care-Seeking Behaviors of Rohingya Refugees — Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, October–November 2017
k AJ, Brown TW, Derado G, Garrett N, Kim S, Hubbard S, Kahler AM, Malambo W, Mintz E, Murphy J, Narra R, Rao GG, Riggs MA, Weber N, Yard E, Zyambo KD, Bakyaita N, Monze N, Malama K, Mulwanda J, Mukonka VM Abstract On October 6, 2017, an outbreak of cholera was declared in Zambia after laboratory confirmation of Vibrio cholerae O1, biotype El Tor, serotype Ogawa, from stool specimens from two patients with acute watery diarrhea. The two patients had gone to a clinic in Lusaka, the capital city, on October 4. Cholera cases increased rapidly, from several hundred cases in early December 2017 to approximately 2,000 by...
This study aimed to use 16S rRNA gene sequences derived from koala feces to characterize the intestinal microbiome of koalas throughout antibiotic treatment and identify specific taxa associated with koala health after treatment. Although differences in the alpha diversity were observed in the intestinal flora between treated and untreated koalas and between koalas treated with different antibiotics, these differences were not statistically significant. The alpha diversity of microbial communities from koalas that lived through antibiotic treatment versus those who did not was significantly greater, however. Beta diversity...
A cholera outbreak that began in October 2017 in Zambia has resulted in approximately 5,900 cases and 114 deaths. The government improved the water supply and administered oral cholera vaccine, but flooding led to a resurgence of cholera. A multisectoral and well-coordinated response was key to the control of the outbreak.
by Damiano Pasetto, Flavio Finger, Anton Camacho, Francesco Grandesso, Sandra Cohuet, Joseph C. Lemaitre, Andrew S. Azman, Francisco J. Luquero, Enrico Bertuzzo, Andrea Rinaldo Computational models of cholera transmission can provide objective insights into the course of an ongoing epidemic and aid decision making on allocation of health care resources. However, models are typically designed, calibrated and interpretedpost-hoc. Here, we report the efforts of a team from academia, field research and humanitarian organizations to model in near real-time the Haitian cholera outbreak after Hurricane Matthew in October 2016, t...
Cholera is a threat to vulnerable populations caught in humanitarian emergencies.1 WHO has recommended that inactivated oral cholera vaccines (OCVs), in conjunction with provision of appropriate rehydration therapy, clean water, and sanitation, be considered for use in humanitarian and emergency settings at high risk for cholera.2 Since 2013, inactivated vibrio whole cell OCVs have been made available for deployment from a global OCV stockpile, funded by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, which is intended for cholera control in outbreaks, humanitarian crises, and settings with endemic cholera.
Publication date: 12–18 May 2018 Source:The Lancet, Volume 391, Issue 10133 Author(s): Firdausi Qadri, Abul Kalam Azad, Meerjady Sabrina Flora, Ashraful Islam Khan, Md Taufiqul Islam, G Balakrish Nair, Poonam Khetrapal Singh, John D Clemens
PMID: 29746454 [PubMed - in process]
Reuters Health Information
[UN News] The largest cholera vaccination drive in history targeting two million people across Africa is underway, the United Nations announced on Monday, in response to a series of recent deadly outbreaks of the water-borne disease.
Xing Pan, Hong Ke, Xiaojuan Niu, Shan Li, Jun Lv, Longrui Pan