Notes from the Field: Diarrhea and Acute Respiratory Infection, Oral Cholera Vaccination Coverage, and Care-Seeking Behaviors of Rohingya Refugees — Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, October–November 2017

Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - Category: American Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

Publication date: September 2018Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 6, Issue 9Author(s): David A Sack, Mohammad Ali
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2018Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 6, Issue 9Author(s): Molly F Franke, Ralph Ternier, J Gregory Jerome, Wilfredo R Matias, Jason B Harris, Louise C IversSummaryBackgroundNo study of long-term protection following killed oral cholera vaccination has been done outside of the historically cholera-endemic areas of south Asia, or has examined protection after a single-dose vaccination regimen. To address this, we examined the duration of protection of the standard two-dose regimen and an incomplete regimen of one dose up to 4 years after vaccination in Haiti.MethodsIn the setting of two-do...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
[AIM] Maputo -A campaign to vaccinate people against cholera begins today in the district of Cuamba, in the northern Mozambican province of Niassa.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Abstract Over 1.3 billion persons are at risk for cholera globally. Vaccination campaigns are growing, but intervention options providing nearly immediate protection are also needed. Two recent papers in Science Translational Medicine describe probiotic bacteria that reduce intestinal colonization in animal models and show promise for development as prophylaxis agents. PMID: 30092195 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cell Host and Microbe - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Cell Host Microbe Source Type: research
Yemen may be on the brink of a new wave of cholera, with a heightened death rate because of widespread malnutrition, and the United Nations is hoping for a ceasefire in northern Yemen to allow for vaccination, the World Health Organization said on Friday.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Background: Cholera is still a public health issue in developing countries. Rehydration and sanitary improvements are the main prevention strategies, though antibiotics could shorten infection-spans. Given antibiotic resistance and the lack of widespread vaccinations, bacteriophage (phage) therapy could be a solution. In the past ten years, more than 60% of reported cholera cases occur in Africa, with the largest percentage in the DRC, where cholera has been endemic since the seventies.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: UMP. 429 Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review describes the basic epidemiologic, clinical, and microbiologic aspects of cholera, highlights new developments within these areas, and presents strategies for applying currently available tools and knowledge more effectively.Recent FindingsFrom 1990 to 2016, the reported global burden of cholera fluctuated between 74,000 and 595,000 cases per year; however, modeling estimates suggest the real burden is between 1.3 and 4.0 million cases and 95,000 deaths yearly. In 2018, the World Health Assembly endorsed a new initiative to reduce cholera deaths by 90% and eliminate local cholera transm...
Source: Current Epidemiology Reports - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
cio C Abstract From 1975 to 1983, a large epidemic of typhoid fever (TF) affected the metropolitan region (MR) of Chile (incidence rate [IR] of 219.6 per 105 in 1983). In 1983-1984, interventions were implemented focusing on person-to-person transmission (vaccination, food handlers' control, and mass communication) and regulations to control irrigation waters containing fecal contaminates. In 1991, a second intervention was quickly implemented to avoid the cholera epidemic-affecting neighboring countries (total prohibition of growing or selling crops in the MR). We explored the potential impact of these interventi...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These studies indicate that bDNA is effective as an immune adjuvant, and along with stimulatory bDNA represent promising new humoral and cellular immune enhancers for vaccination applications. In addition, this vaccine is able to provide long-term protection against infection. PMID: 30016232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2019Source: Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, Volume 45Author(s): Eric Kokomo, Yves EmvuduAbstractIn this paper, we formulate a deterministic, nonlinear model of cholera with age structure which integrates the direct transmission and the indirect transmission of the disease. The vaccination and the demographic movements are also taken into account in this model. The propounded model is an initial/boundary-value problem constituted of four partial differential equations of first order describing the transmission dynamics of human hosts and of two ordinary differential equations represen...
Source: Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications - Category: Research Source Type: research
More News: American Health | Bangladesh Health | Cholera | Respiratory Medicine | Vaccines