Efficacy and Tolerability of Fixed-Dose Combination Perindopril/Indapamide in Hypertensive Patients with a History of Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack: PICASSO Trial

AbstractIntroductionIn everyday medical practice, physicians often need to manage patients whose blood pressure is not well controlled. Those with a history of cerebrovascular disease are a high-risk group in need of rapid blood pressure control.MethodsThe PICASSO study was a real-life, observational trial involving 9257 inadequately treated hypertensive patients who were switched from previous therapy to the fixed-dose combination of perindopril 10  mg/indapamide 2.5 mg (PI) for 3 months. A subanalysis of data of 1117 hypertensive patients who met the clinical criteria of previous stroke or transient ischemic attack was performed. Twenty-four hour ambulatory blood pressure measurements (ABPMs) were also done in a small group of patients (n:38).ResultsAt baseline, mean systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) was 161.5  ± 15.2/93.1 ± 9.9 mmHg. After 1 month with the fixed dose of PI, average office SBP/DBP decreased to 140.0 ± 11.9/83.5 ± 7.7 mmHg. After 3 months, SBP/DBP had dropped to 132.9 ± 9.8/80.0 ± 6.2 mmHg, by 28.6 ± 15.5/13.1 ± 10.0 mmHg (p  
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Abstract AIM OF STUDY: We investigated sex differences i n i schaemic s troke p atients t reated w ith i ntravenous a lteplase. CLINICAL RATIONALE FOR STUDY: We suggest that it is necessary to improve care for women with atrial fibrillation. Our data suggests that closer evaluation of treatment for ischaemic stroke in men and women is needed, preferably in the form of a prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multicentre analysis of 1,830 ischaemic stroke patients treated with alteplase from 2004 to 2012. Data was prospectively collected in the Safe Implementation of Treatments in Stroke (SI...
Source: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurol Neurochir Pol Source Type: research
AbstractDiabetes is a well ‐established risk factor for both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Individuals with diabetes not only have a higher risk of stroke, they also have worse clinical outcomes after stroke, including poorer neurological recovery, higher rates of stroke recurrence and mortality. In addition to optimizin g glycemia, control of cardiovascular risk factors like hypertension and dyslipidemia is crucial in stroke prevention in subjects with diabetes.
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research
This study assesses the current practices of physicians in Lebanon routinely involved in ischemic stroke (IS) management. We conducted a prospective observational study of patients hospitalized at 8 different Lebanese hospitals in the period August 1, 2015 to July 31, 2016, with a diagnosis of acute stroke. Baseline characteristics and data on diagnostic studies, as well as treatments received during hospitalization and at discharge, were collected and analyzed. Two hundred and three strokes/transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) were recorded but only 173 patients (85%) with ischemic events were included in the study. The pati...
Source: Functional Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research
ConclusionsCSVD and lacunes in the basal ganglia may independently contribute to gait/posture dysfunction in PD. Promoting neurovascular health may preserve some gait/posture function of PD.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Stroke is becoming one of the leading causes of adult disability and death in sub-Saharan African countries. The aim of the present study is to provide an up-to-date account of the clinical and demographic characteristics of patients with stroke admitted to the University of Gondar College of Medicine and Health Science Comprehensive Specialized Hospital (CMHS). A hospital based retrospective study design was used to analyze the medical records of all patients with stroke admitted to CMHS from June 20th 2012 and April 30th 2018. Data were cleaned and entered into SPSS for analysis. Among the 448 patients with stroke admitt...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study provides the first contemporary data on TIAMS or TIAMS-mimics in Australia. Community and health provider education is required to address the under-use of anticoagulation therapy in patients with known AF, possibly inappropriate use of antiplatelet therapy and possibly inappropriate discontinuation of antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionSmall artery disease is the most common stroke subtype associated with obstructive sleep apnea. Clinicians must vigilantly assess the presence of obstructive sleep apnea in ischemic stroke patients, especially in patients whose stroke is attributed to small artery disease.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractTo study the association between the 3 ′UTR single nucleotide polymorphism ofPSD95 gene and the risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in Chinese Han population.PSD95 gene 3 ′UTR rs191350575, rs314254, rs58197058, rs314253, rs314252, rs188777, rs11652753, rs79715480, and rs13331 genotypes of a total of 280 AIS patients and 280 healthy controls were analyzed. The prognosis outcomes of all AIS patients were analyzed after 3 years of follow-up. The risk of AIS in the rs 58197058 locus A allele was 1.76 times higher than the G allele (95%CI 1.53–1.92,p 
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Stroke significantly impacts public health and ranks among the leading causes of death and disabilities, resulting in enormous costs measured in both health care resources and lost productivity. It results primarily from embolus or thrombosis for ischemic stroke and hypertension for hemorrhagic stroke, respectively [1]. In 2016, there were 5.5 million deaths and 116.4 million disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) owed to stroke [2]. As reported, the impact of stroke on the Chinese population is more severe compared to average global levels, and the prevalence of stroke continues to surpass that of ischemic heart disease [3 –4].
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Residual shunt is observed in up to 25% of patients after patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure, but its long-term influence on stroke recurrence currently is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of residual shunt after PFO closure with the incidence of recurrent stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study comparing stroke or TIA recurrence in patients with and without residual shunt after PFO closure. SETTING: Single hospital center. PARTICIPANTS: 1078 consecutive patients (mean age, 49.3 years) with PFO-attributable cryptogenic ...
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
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