How Effective are Efficiency Studies?: An Evaluation in the Context of Cognitive Behavioral Therapies.

How Effective are Efficiency Studies?: An Evaluation in the Context of Cognitive Behavioral Therapies. Turk Psikiyatri Derg. 2018;29(1):54-66 Authors: Güven E, Gökçe G Abstract The consensus view is that the main goal of a psychotherapy approach is to make changes in dysfunctional attitudes and behaviors. Therapeutic effectiveness, which is defined as "the establishment of causality between the intervention and the emergent changes in target behavior, symptom, or disorder," has been examined via studies of therapeutic effectiveness. In this review, we aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and/or ef- fectiveness studies in terms of their METHODS, results, and approaches. In addition, we wanted to discuss debates and criticism about these studies in the context of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy (CBT). In this con- text, the definition of therapeutic effectiveness has been given and then, the measuring METHODS have been discussed within the framework of ef- fectiveness, efficacy, and meta-analysis studies. Differences in the point of views regarding the results of effectiveness studies have also been ex- amined. The place of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has been discussed in the context of mentioned topics. In the conclusion part, the numbers of questions that are thought to contribute to an effective interpretation for therapeutic effectiveness have been proposed. In this context, it is a fact that Cognitive and Behavioral...
Source: Turkish Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Turk Psikiyatri Derg Source Type: research

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“All life is an experiment. The more experiments you make, the better.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson To me, age is more a state of mind than anything else. It’s perception that comes into play, what we think about when we consider who’s old, or what it means to be old, or even what age makes someone old. Frankly, centenarians are lauded and celebrated for good reason: They’ve lived through many experiences and deserve to be honored. Thus, since through my research and personal experience I’ve found many potential mental health benefits of living to age 100, I wanted to share them. Taking ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Aging Brain and Behavior Mental Health and Wellness centenarian Elderly Memory Neuroscience nonagenarian Perspective Source Type: blogs
Are you always in control and always perfectly put together? Are you professionally successful, a great friend, and always showing a happy face to the world?  But what about on the inside? Is there something in the background or in the past that you don’t talk about?  Do you feel disconnected, like no one knows the “real” you? Deep down do you just know something is wrong? Well, you might have “perfectly hidden depression.” Today Gabe speaks with Dr. Margaret Rutherford who has done extensive work on the relationship between perfectionism and depression.  Dr. Rutherford tells u...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Depression General Happiness Interview LifeHelper Mental Health and Wellness Perfectionism Personality Podcast Psychiatry Psychology Research Self-Esteem Self-Help The Psych Central Show Trauma Source Type: blogs
Once you begin to dip your toes into psychological therapies, it doesn’t take long before you begin to see TLAs all over the place. So today I’m going to post on two things: some of the TLAs, and why or how we might consider using these approaches in pain rehabilitation. The first one is CBT, or cognitive behavioural therapy. CBT grew out of two movements: behaviour therapy (Skinner and the pigeons, rats and all that behaviour modification stuff), and cognitive therapy (Ellis and Beck and the “cognitive triad” – more on this later). When the two approaches to therapy are combined, we have c...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ACT - Acceptance & Commitment Therapy Clinical reasoning Cognitive behavioral therapy Coping strategies Interdisciplinary teams Occupational therapy Physiotherapy Professional topics Psychology Research Science in practice Source Type: blogs
On today’s show, Gabe talks with Dr. Jessi Gold, a self-described misinformation crusader.  In addition to being a practicing psychiatrist, Dr. Gold’s career has focused on writing about mental health and mental illness for a lay audience. Join us as Gabe and Dr. Jessi talk about common sources of psychiatric misinformation, the perils of the supplement industry, how mental health and mental illness are often portrayed incorrectly in the popular media, and why she decided to pursue a very specific type of writing career. SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW Guest information for ‘Dr. Jessi’ Podcast Episode...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Health-related Interview Mental Health and Wellness Podcast Psychiatry Psychology The Psych Central Show Women's Issues Source Type: blogs
Objective: To examine the impact of an employer-sponsored behavioral health program on depression and anxiety by assessing dose effect of psychotherapy. Methods: A retrospective data analysis of patients with baseline scores more than or equal to 10 on the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) or the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD7). Survival analyses were conducted to assess whether those with a higher number of therapy sessions per episode (dose) achieved faster response (score reduction by 50% or below 10). Results: Patients with medium (8 to 12 visits) or high (more than 12 visits) dose achieved f...
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Current data indicate that approximately 40 percent of children and adolescents with ASD will experience an anxiety disorder, and that anxiety has a profound impact on daily functioning in children. Presentations of anxiety in ASD can vary from mild to severe, with severe presentations resulting in severe consequences such as aggression, self-injurious behaviors, school refusal, and suicidal ideation. Managing anxiety requires a thoughtful approach that considers the overlapping symptoms between anxiety and other co-occurring conditions, the developmental level of the child, the availability of specialized psychotherapy pr...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Clinical Perspectives 24 Source Type: research
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of Chinese herbal medicine combined with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)-based psychotherapy (TBP) on perimenopausal depression (PMD). Methods: This multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted in nine hospitals in China between August 2015 and June 2017. The study included 307 women with PMD who were divided randomly into two treatment groups: the Bushen Tiaogan formula (BSTG) plus TBP (n = 156) and placebo plus TBP (n = 151). All participants underwent treatment for 8 weeks and were followed up for 4 weeks. The pri...
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: One third of adults with a lifetime suicide attempt and close to half of those with a past-year attempt have received some form of psychotherapy in the course of their life. In line with prior work, higher education and income level predicted past-year use of psychotherapy among adults with a prior suicide attempt. These findings highlight the association between major depressive disorder or anxiety disorders and increased odds of undergoing psychotherapy in the previous 12 months among adults with prior attempt. While pharmacological treatment, inpatient hospitalizations for mental health problems, visits with...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
 Chrisa Hickey’s journey into mental health advocacy started when her son, Tim, was diagnosed with very early onset schizophrenia after being admitted to a psychiatric hospital for the first time at the age of 11.  He had been showing symptoms for years and had received a half dozen different diagnoses. His family was desperately looking for answers. Tim’s illness took a toll on the entire family, which was only exacerbated by the lack of information and resources available to them.  In America, fewer than 100 children per year are diagnosed with very early onset schizophrenia. Chrisa had to find ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Bipolar Children and Teens Depression Family General Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Podcast Psychiatry Psychology Schizophrenia The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: This review provides valuable insight into the treatment of PTSD, as it supports the heterogeneous trajectories of psychotherapeutic responses and provides avenues for the development of interventions that consider individual-level factors in treatment response. PMID: 31535576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research
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