Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 1123: Transcription Factors as Therapeutic Targets in Chronic Kidney Disease

Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 1123: Transcription Factors as Therapeutic Targets in Chronic Kidney Disease Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules23051123 Authors: Akihito Hishikawa Kaori Hayashi Hiroshi Itoh The growing number of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is recognized as an emerging problem worldwide. Recent studies have indicated that deregulation of transcription factors is associated with the onset or progression of kidney disease. Several clinical trials indicated that regression of CKD may be feasible via activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), which suggests that transcription factors may be potential drug targets for CKD. Agents stabilizing hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), which may be beneficial for renal anemia and renal protection, are also now under clinical trial. Recently, we have reported that the transcription factor Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) regulates the glomerular podocyte epigenome, and that the antiproteinuric effect of the renin–angiotensin system blockade may be partially mediated by KLF4. KLF4 is one of the Yamanaka factors that induces iPS cells and is reported to be involved in epigenetic remodeling. In this article, we summarize the transcription factors associated with CKD and particularly focus on the possibility of transcription factors being novel drug targets for CKD through epigenetic modulation.
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conclusion: Our findings describe the most reported risk factors for preventability of oral anticoagulant-induced bleedings. These factors may be useful for targeting interventions to improve pharmacovigilance activities in our regional territory and to reduce the burden of medication errors and inappropriate prescription. Introduction Oral anticoagulant therapy is widely used for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, or for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (Raj et al., 1994; Monaco et al., 2017). Oral anticoagulants can be di...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: CKD patients have a high morbidity of ESS, mainly low T3 syndrome. Anemia, inflammation, and malnutrition may contribute to ESS in CKD.Kidney Blood Press Res
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: May 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Volume 73, Issue 5Author(s):
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Volume 73, Issue 5Author(s):
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Volume 73, Issue 5Author(s):
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractOxidative stress (OS), defined as disturbances in the pro-/antioxidant balance, is harmful to cells due to the excessive generation of highly reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species. When the balance is not disturbed, OS has a role in physiological adaptations and signal transduction. However, an excessive amount of ROS and RNS results in the oxidation of biological molecules such as lipids, proteins, and DNA. Oxidative stress has been reported in kidney disease, due to both antioxidant depletions as well as increased ROS production. The kidney is a highly metabolic organ, rich in oxidation reactions in mi...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Authors: Nakanishi T, Kimura T, Kuragano T Abstract BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of anemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) could be multifactorial. In recent animal studies, hepcidin knockout (KO) mice with adenine-induced CKD did not exhibit anemia and iron deficiency. Hepcidin has emerged as a major player in the development of anemia in CKD. We suspected that erythropoietin (EPO) deficiency may not be the mainstay of anemia in CKD, although relative EPO deficiency could contribute to the failure to increase hemoglobin (Hb) levels. Some factors may interfere with the differentiation of erythroids. SUMMARY:...
Source: Contributions to Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Contrib Nephrol Source Type: research
Authors: Sakashita M, Tanaka T, Nangaku M Abstract BACKGROUND: Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) stabilizers, also known as inhibitors of HIF prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD) inhibitors enzymes, are novel small-molecule agents to treat renal anemia. They increase endogenous erythropoietin (EPO) production by stabilizing HIF. This review focuses on the mechanisms by which PHD inhibitors ameliorate anemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and summarizes the current clinical experience with and prospects for these drugs. SUMMARY: Anemia is a serious complication of CKD and is an independent risk factor for congestive he...
Source: Contributions to Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Contrib Nephrol Source Type: research
Authors: Kuragano T, Mizusaki K, Kimura T, Nakanishi T Abstract The results of previous large clinical trials have revealed that low hemoglobin (Hb) levels are significantly associated with adverse events (cardiovascular disease, infection, hospitalization, and mortality) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, in the general population, the mean Hb levels differ by sex and age. Furthermore, the comorbidities and activities of daily living of elderly patients are markedly different from those of nonelderly patients. CKD in elderly patients is accompanied by not only chronic inflammation, which is mo...
Source: Contributions to Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Contrib Nephrol Source Type: research
More News: Anemia | Chronic Kidney Disease | Clinical Trials | Study | Urology & Nephrology