Hospitals in US sound alarm on impending chemotherapy shortages

Doctors say it would be ‘national tragedy’ if patients denied life-extending drugs
Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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amune Reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major problem in patients receiving chemotherapy for malignant diseases or immunosuppression therapies. It has been thought that a reduction in the immune responses might result in the reactivation of HBV replication from covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) residing in hepatocytes. However, not only the host’s immune status, but also viral mutations have been reported to be associated with reactivation. Especially, several case reports about amino acid mutations in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) that escape from immune reactions have been reported, a...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusion: Colonic GIST is a rare solid tumor, and the incidence is stable. The entity has a poorer prognosis than other GISTs. Surgery improved the survival rate, while chemotherapy did not. PMID: 31097960 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Parasitology InternationalAuthor(s): Kalpana Chauhan, Gurpreet Kaur, Sukhbir KaurAbstractThe successful control and eradication of leishmaniasis are still challenging in view of the lack of adequate chemotherapy and potential prophylaxis. Research is going on for finding an appropriate anti-leishmanial drug which should be acceptable in terms of cost and safety. In view of this, the current study investigated the anti-leishmanial efficacy of salidroside (SAL) which is a phenylpropanoid glycoside. The leishmanicidal capacity of SAL was verified in vitro as well as in viv...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Process BiochemistryAuthor(s): Sina Raeisi, Hadi Chavoshi, Maryam Mohammadi, Marjan Ghorbani, Mehdi Sabzichi, Fatemeh RamezaniAbstractIn the present study, we inspected the role of naringenin-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) in the induction of apoptosis in (HT-29) colon cancer cell in co-administration with oxaliplatin. The cytotoxicity behavior of nanoparticles was investigated by MTT assay and DAPI staining. To understand the molecular mechanism of formulation in induction program cell death, flow cytometric and Real-Time RT-PCR assays were applied. New fo...
Source: Process Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS LCNEC is a rare lung cancer subtype with a dismal prognosis. Primary surgical treatment has significant survival benefits, even for stage IV patients. The optimal treatment strategies for lung LCNEC require further investigation. PMID: 31095532 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy agents have long been considered hazardous, and safety for healthcare providers when administering these drugs is a primary concern. Personal protective equipment (PPE) is known to decrease exposure to hazardous drugs. Studies report that PPE is underused among healthcare providers in inpatient and outpatient settings. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the use of PPE among inpatient and outpatient nurses while administering hazardous chemotherapy agents. METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive study used the Hazardous Drug Handling Questionnaire (HD...
Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: A lack of standardization in chemotherapy patient education practices can lead to decreased efficiency and satisfaction for nurse educators and uncertainty and anxiety for patients. OBJECTIVES: The goal was to determine whether standardizing chemotherapy education practices improved nurse and patient satisfaction. METHODS: An interprofessional team was formed to standardize the chemotherapy education process and reduce variation in teaching. Anonymous, self-administered questionnaires assessed satisfaction in chemotherapy education among nurses and patients pre- and postimplementatio...
Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
ConclusionsB-cell neurolymphomatosis most commonly manifests as T2-weighted hyperintense, enhancing linear or fusiform neural enlargement associated with muscular denervation on MRI, with intense FDG activity on PET/CT. It is most often an isolated site of disease, presenting after progression or recurrence. A familiarity with the imaging appearance of neurolymphomatosis can help refine the differential diagnosis, direct biopsy, and aid in accurate diagnosis.
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Mathieu D, Iorio-Morin C Abstract Pineal region tumors represent a heterogeneous group of different histologic entities, for which the management can be a significant challenge, due to their critical location and frequent aggressive behavior. Traditional management includes surgical resection, fractionated radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is being increasingly used in the treatment of these tumors. It is used as primary therapy for pineocytomas and papillary tumors of the pineal region, as an adjuvant radiation boost in combination with radiation or chemotherapy for pine...
Source: Progress in Neurological Surgery - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Prog Neurol Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Niranjan A, Faramand A, Lunsford LD Abstract Low-grade gliomas represent a heterogeneous group of tumors. The goals of treatment include prolonged survival and reduced morbidity. Treatment strategies vary depending upon tumor histology, anatomic location, age, and the general medical condition of the patient. Safe surgical resection remains the first choice for the treatment of resectable tumors. In cases of unresectable lesions, adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy are considered. Several reports in recent years have documented the safety and effectiveness of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in controlli...
Source: Progress in Neurological Surgery - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Prog Neurol Surg Source Type: research
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