Largest-ever global response to cholera targets 2 million people in Africa

The largest cholera vaccination drive in history targeting two million people across Africa is underway, the United Nations announced on Monday, in response to a series of recent deadly outbreaks of the water-borne disease.  
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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We described how the vaccination program was planned, prepared and implemented using different strategies to deliver oral cholera vaccine to a high-risk urban population in Dhaka, Bangladesh based on administrative data and observations made during the program. The objective of this study is to evaluate the organization, implementation and effectiveness of different oral cholera vaccine delivery strategies in the endemic urban setting in Bangladesh. OCV administration by trained local volunteers through outreach sites and mop-up activities yielded high coverage of 82% and 72% of 172,754 targeted individuals for the first a...
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
Purpose: The detection, confirmation and monitoring of cholera outbreaks in many developing countries, including Mozambique, is a major challenge due to the lack of resources needed and the time required for confirmation. Culture method, which is the gold standard, requires 48 to 72hours, qualified laboratory personnel and expensive reagents.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 21.052 Source Type: research
This article discusses the recent cholera epidemic in Haiti, its origin and spread throughout Haiti, the specific nature and microbiologic characteristics of the pathogen, and ongoing disease management and control efforts. Importantly, this article suggests a future research agenda identifying best strategies for eliminating cholera in Haiti.
Source: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
[WHO] "In addition to insecurity and despair, we are faced with shortages of food, we are homeless and worst still, cholera killed my husband last year in Muna IDPs camp" said Munakur Mohammed. Thank God you came to our rescue early this year. My children and I have received the vaccine and we are protected now."
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Conclusion: Vaccination coverage on the shores of Lake Chilwa was moderately high and the innovative distribution strategies tailored to people living on the lake provided adequate coverage, even among hard-to-reach communities. Community engagement and simplified delivery procedures were critical for success. Off-label, out-of-cold-chain administration of oral cholera vaccine should be considered as an effective strategy for achieving high coverage in hard-to-reach communities. Nevertheless, coverage and effectiveness must be monitored over the short and long term. PMID: 30505029 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research
Tents set up at Alsabeen hospital in Sana'a Yemen for screening suspected cholera cases.By Anna KucirkovaTEXAS, USA, Nov 2 2018 (IPS)Cholera outbreaks across history regularly killed a hundred thousand or more. It isn’t well known today because it was essentially eliminated in the Western world. It last erupted in the U.S. in the 1800s, eradicated by water and sewage treatment systems that prevented it from spreading via contaminated water. However, cholera is making a comeback around the globe, and it could again become a major killer.Cholera is caused by eating or drinking something contaminated with the Vibrio cho...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Environment Featured Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Water & Sanitation Source Type: news
Conclusion The results obtained from this research shows, in general, the fragility in the social and political infrastructure necessary to improve the living conditions of populations, particularly those that depend on family agriculture in drought prone areas. The conditions of social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities presented in the region can be amplified by the drought process, and can aggravate the impacts resulting drought events, thus disadvantaging the population of this region, as shown in the Fig. 1. The general perception of the interviewees of the health sector shows an agreement with what is found...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
The World Health Organization (WHO) will meet Wednesday to determine whether a worsening Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) constitutes a public health emergency of international concern. The meeting, set to be held at the United Nations’ headquarters in Geneva, comes about a month after the WHO upgraded Ebola’s risk level in the DRC from “high” to “very high,” according to a UN statement. At that time, global risk was deemed low and the WHO did not recommend limiting travel or trade in and out of the DRC. But depending on the conclusion of Wednesday’s eme...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized ebola healthytime onetime Source Type: news
The World Health Organization (WHO) said Wednesday that a worsening Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) does not constitute an international public health emergency, but stressed in a statement that it remains “deeply concerned” about the situation. The emergency meeting, which was held at the United Nations’ headquarters in Geneva, was called about a month after the WHO upgraded Ebola’s risk level in the DRC from “high” to “very high,” according to a UN statement. At that time, global risk was deemed low and the WHO did not recommend limiting travel ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized ebola healthytime onetime Source Type: news
The World Health Organization (WHO) is supporting Zimbabwe ’s efforts to begin vaccinating 1.4 million people against a new deadly outbreak of cholera, beginning on Wednesday, after the water-borne disease first surfaced in a suburb of the capital Harare early last month.
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
More News: African Health | Cholera | International Medicine & Public Health | Outbreaks | United Nations | Vaccines