Perioperative Ocular Parameters Associated With Persistent Dry Eye Symptoms After Cataract Surgery

Purpose: To evaluate perioperative dry eye (DE) syndrome and meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) parameters associated with persistent DE symptoms after cataract surgery. Methods: We enrolled patients who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery without previous ocular comorbidities and previous use of ophthalmic treatment except for artificial tears at a single tertiary hospital. Lipid layer thickness, meibomian gland (MG) dropout, tear breakup time, Oxford staining score, lid margin abnormality, meibum quality, meibum expressibility, MG orifice obstruction, MGD stage, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), and Schirmer test score were prospectively assessed in order at baseline and 1 and 3 months postoperative. Patients with an OSDI score>12 at 3 months postoperative were defined as patients with persistent DE symptoms after cataract surgery. Multivariate logistic regression was then used to determine risk factors for persistent DE symptoms. Results: A total of 116 eyes of 116 patients were enrolled, and 96 patients completed all examinations until 3 months postoperative. Thirty-one patients had persistent DE symptoms at 3 months postoperative. The Oxford staining score, lid margin abnormality, meibum quality, and MGD stage were improved over time. Baseline high OSDI scores [odds ratio (OR), 1.072; P = 0.001] and 1 month postoperative low tear breakup time, low MG orifice obstruction scores, and increased MG dropout (OR, 0.322; P
Source: Cornea - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conditions:   Dry Eye;   Cataract Surgery;   Patient Related Outcome Measures;   Patient Satisfaction Interventions:   Drug: AEONTM Repair;   Other: Routine post-operative eye drops used. Sponsors:   Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust;   City, University of London;   King's College London Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Glaucoma;   Congenital Cataract Intervention:   Sponsor:   Sun Yat-sen University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Dry Eye;   Cataract Surgery;   Patient Related Outcome Measures;   Patient Satisfaction Interventions:   Drug: AEONTM Repair;   Other: Routine post-operative eye drops used. Sponsors:   Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust;   City, University of London;   King's College London Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Glaucoma;   Congenital Cataract Intervention:   Sponsor:   Sun Yat-sen University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Dry Eye;   Cataract Surgery;   Patient Related Outcome Measures;   Patient Satisfaction Interventions:   Drug: AEONTM Repair;   Other: Routine post-operative eye drops used. Sponsors:   Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust;   City, University of London;   King's College London Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Glaucoma;   Congenital Cataract Intervention:   Sponsor:   Sun Yat-sen University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract BACKGROUND: In 2019 the German Commission for the Prevention of Blindness (DKVB) held an eye camp in the Tanzanian town of Sumbawanga. For patients with mature cataracts and the ability to see light cateracts were treated by manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS). For the first time in this camp the quality of the results of the cataract operations was measured. OBJECTIVE: The quality of the cataract operations is presented and the results were assessed in the context of the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO). METHODS: Those patients who had a cataract operation in th...
Source: Der Ophthalmologe - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Ophthalmologe Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: OVD applied to the ocular surface during cataract surgery had a protective effect on the ocular surface one week after surgery. PMID: 31612658 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology : KJO - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Korean J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This survey provided a comprehensive update of the present cataract surgery practices in the Republic of Korea. The results emphasized the increasing use of premium intraocular lenses, optical biometry, and topical anesthesia. PMID: 31612656 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology : KJO - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Korean J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
ConclusionsAll lenses showed excellent surface quality. After folding and injection process some superficial scratches and tears of the IOL optic were detected in some models. Further studies are needed to assess the possible effects of those superficial damages on the optical quality of the IOLs.
Source: International Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
More News: Cataract Removal | Cataracts | Eyes | Hospitals | Opthalmology | Science