Halogen inhalation-induced lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome - Zhou T, Song WF, Shang Y, Yao SL, Matalon S.

OBJECTIVE: Exposure to halogens, such as chlorine or bromine, results in environmental and occupational hazard to the lung and other organs. Chlorine is highly toxic by inhalation, leading to dyspnea, hypoxemia, airway obstruction, pneumonitis, pulmonary e...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

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Conclusion: Using a largely theoretical model, the six modifiable lifestyle factors were estimated to be attributable to 50.9% of dementia cases in Barbados. Since the risk factors have much in common, any intervention that targets one of them could significantly reduce future dementia prevalence. PMID: 31093046 [PubMed]
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research
Conclusion: OFI extracted oil has in vitro antimicrobial/fungal properties and in vivo wound healing activity. It seems to be efficient in the treatment of cutaneous infections and the promoting of the scarring process. PMID: 31097975 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate bone histopathological and morphometric aspects, collagen fibers network and the immunoexpression of biological markers related to bone development in a young experimental model for extensive burn. Twenty-eight male Wistar rats were distributed into: Control (C) and subjected to scald burn injury (SBI) groups. Sham or injured animals were euthanized 4 or 14 days post lesion and proximal epiphyses of the femur were submitted to histological, morphometric (thickness epiphyseal plate) and RUNX-2 and RANK-L immunoexpression methods. Histophatological femoral findings showed delayed appearance of...
Source: Connective Tissue Research - Category: Research Tags: Connect Tissue Res Source Type: research
AIM: We aimed to compare the epidemiological data, general characteristics, laboratory findings, and outcomes of burn patients with ≤18 and>18 years of age. By this way, we also aimed to determine the effective preventive measures appropriate for differ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news
Authors: Liu D, Wu Q, Zhu Y, Liu Y, Xie X, Li S, Lin H, Chen W, Zhu F Abstract Corneal neovascularization (CNV) is one of the major causes of severe disorders in ocular surface. Subconjunctival administration provides a localized and effective delivery of anti-angiogenic agents to inhibit neovascularization. In the present study, the ABA triblock copolymer of poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid)-block-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA-PEG-PLGA) was used as a sustained drug delivery carrier for metformin (MET) and levofloxacin hydrochloride (LFH). Both drugs and PLGA-PEG-PLGA copolymer...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite implementation of a PDR, dosing errors, including ten-fold errors, still occur at a high rate. Errors occur with dilution and length-based tape use. Further error reduction strategies, beyond a PDR and that target errors of omission, are needed for pediatric prehospital drug administration. PMID: 31084508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Prehospital Emergency Care - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Prehosp Emerg Care Source Type: research
The purpose of this study was to quantify the stiffness of hypertrophic scars using acoustic radiation force impulse ultrasound elastography. Sixteen pediatric patients with hypertrophic scars resulting from burn injuries participated in this study (mean age: 5.13, standard deviation: 3.20). Values for the elastic modulus (E) of scar and control sites were obtained. Scarred areas were found to be almost four times stiffer than control sites (scar Emean  = 39.29 kPa compared with control Emean = 10.19 kPa) (p = 0.0004).
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of ermA, ermB, ermC, and msrA in MRSA strains isolated from burn patients in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran. A total of 76 isolates of S. aureus were collected from January to May 2017 from Taleghani Burn Hospital in Ahvaz. Among 76 S. aureus strains collected, 60 (78.9%) isolates were MRSA. The antimicrobial susceptibility testing for MRSA showed extreme high resistance rate to clarithromycin (100%) and azithromycin (100%), followed by erythromycin (98.3%). The PCR assay revealed that the frequency rates of msrA, ermA, and ermC genes were 23 (38.3%), 28 (46.7%), and 22 (36.7%), res...
Source: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung Source Type: research
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: The prevalence of sunburn among older adults suggests opportunities to reduce skin cancer risk within this demographic group by preventing overexposure to the sun. The lack of reduced sunburn risk among those who regularly used sun protection may be related to inadequate or inconsistent use of sun protection or the way the sun protection behaviors were measured. Multi-sector approaches to facilitate sun-safety among older adults are warranted and could include targeted efforts focused on those most likely to get sunburned, including men and those with sun-sensitive skin. PMID: 31100136 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research
In this study we analyse heat‐induced bone changes and other archaeothanatological var iables to tentatively assess the pre‐burning condition of the human remains. The results of Pit 40 are also compared to other comparable contexts to assess if this unique context presents further funerary differences relative to those other contexts in, e.g, body processing. Our results suggest pr eferential cremation of fleshed human remains, but burning of at least a minority of skeletonised remains and deposition of possibly unburned remains also likely occurred. Body processing appears to be comparable to that of the cremation co...
Source: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology - Category: Science Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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