AI can prescreen chest CT studies for pneumothorax

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can be highly sensitive for detecting...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Big data for sale: A solution to spur AI research Summers: Radiologists shouldn't be intimidated by AI Education is needed to harness power of AI in radiology Google AI algorithm shows promise for chest x-rays AI can help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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ConclusionCT-guided percutaneous RFA for lung metastasis from colorectal cancer is a safe and effective procedure in patients not eligible for surgery, particularly for lesions smaller than 1.5  cm without extrapulmonary metastasis.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Since the first permanent endocardial pacemaker was implanted, there have been significant technological advancements in device programming, lead function and battery longevity. However, the device design for the conventional transvenous pacemaker had essentially remained unchanged – a pulse generator connected to 1 or more transvenous leads. The complications associated with these devices were either related to subcutaneous pocket, including hematomas or skin erosions increasing the risk of infection, acute complications at the time of implant such as cardiac tamponade and pneumothorax, or late complications such as...
Source: Heart Rhythm - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Buyuktiryaki M, Uras N, Okur N, Oncel MY, Kadioglu Simsek G, Ozluer Işik S, Oguz SS Abstract Purpose: The EDIN scale (Échelle Douleur Inconfort Nouveau-Né, neonatal pain and discomfort scale) and HRV (Heart Rate Variability) has been used for the evaluation of prolonged pain. The aim of our study was to assess the value of the NIPE (Newborn Infant Parasympathetic Evaluation) index and EDIN scale for the evaluation of prolonged pain in preterm infants with chest tube placement due to pneumothorax. Methods: This prospective observational study assessed prolonged pain in preterm infants wit...
Source: Korean Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Korean J Pediatr Source Type: research
We present the case of a 2 weeks old baby who was admitted to hospital with RDS symptoms and left pleural effusion: X rays and CT were suggestive for a pulmonary cystic lesion with pleural complications. Because of the persistence of pleural empyema and the development of a pneumothorax the baby underwent surgery. The histological examination revealed a type 3 CPAM associated with pleural loculated empyema.According to this case, in newborns with RDS loculated pleural empyema may mimick pulmonary cystic lesions; a treatment-resistant pleural empyema or pyopneumothorax in a newborn can recognize a CPAM 3 as a probable under...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: Very few studies with important methodological limitations analyze the role of chest ultrasound in the diagnosis of TB. The scarce available data suggests potential targets of future diagnostic or feasibility trials, such as the detection of tuberculosis–related pleural effusion, residual pleural thickening, lymphadenopathy, TB parenchymal patterns, or the use of CUS in biopsy guidance.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusions: Small nodules (of
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
This study will determine if using an S-ICD compared to a TV-ICD reduces a primary composite outcome of perioperative complications including pulmonary or pericardial perforation, lead dislodgement or dysfunction, tricuspid regurgitation and ipsilateral venous thrombosis. Five hundred patients will be enrolled from 14 Canadian hospitals, and data collected to both early- (at 6 months) and mid-term complications (at 24 months) as well as mortality and ICD shock efficacy.SummaryThe ATLAS randomized trial is comparing early- and mid-term vascular and lead-related complications among S-ICD versus TV-ICD recipients wh...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Waseem M Hajjar, Areej S Alrajeh, Lulwah S Alturki, Sami A Al-Nassar, Adnan W HajjarAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2018 13(4):254-256Cutis laxa (CL) is a rare connective tissue disease characterized by a loose, wrinkled, and inelastic skin. Here, we report an unusual presentation in a 15-year-old male patient who is a known patient of CL who presented with bilateral pneumothorax. He was successfully managed initially by chest tube insertion and then he was treated surgically with bilateral staged thoracoscopy, apical bullectomy, and pleurodesis with full uneventful recovery.
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Condition:   Pneumothorax Interventions:   Device: Pleuralvent™;   Procedure: Chest tube Sponsors:   University Hospital Olomouc;   Thomayerova Teaching Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2018Source: Medicina Intensiva (English Edition)Author(s): E. Chicote Álvarez, M. Arlabán Carpintero, A. González-Castro
Source: Medicina Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
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