Correlation between secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke exposure and children ED visits

The objective of this study was to determine association between SHMS exposure and rates of emergency department visitation, and rates of tobacco sensitive conditions (asthma, otitis media and viral respiratory infections).
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 24 November 2018Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Shuko Hirota, Yoichi Kobayashi, Takashi Ishiguro, Takashi Nishida, Naho Kagiyama, Yoshihiko Shimizu, Noboru TakayanagiAbstractA 56-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for recurrent asthma of 20 years duration. She was diagnosed as having allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis on the basis of clinical symptoms, peripheral blood eosinophilia, elevated total serum immunoglobulin E value, positive results of specific IgE and precipitating antibodies against Aspergillus sp., central bronchiectasis, and mucoid impactio...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Refractory otitis media (OM) in adults is challenging as misdiagnosis can lead to permanent sensorineural hearing loss. OM in the presence of peripheral eosinophilia and atopic history should warrant alternative treatment rather than antibiotics and topical steroids.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: M358 Source Type: research
We present an infant with multiple infections who was diagnosed with MBL deficiency.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: M272 Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo examine the relationship between otitis media, allergic rhinitis, and age.Recent FindingsOtitis media and allergic rhinitis are prevalent conditions with a controversial relationship. Some data suggest that these entities are significantly associated, either through allergic rhinitis inducing Eustachian tube dysfunction or through allergic pathophysiology simultaneously occurring intranasally and in the ear. Other studies, however, have refuted this relationship. For example, treatment with antihistamines does not reliably improve OME, making causation and association challenging to establish. A...
Source: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewBreastfeeding has been studied for its multiple benefits to both, the infant and the mother. This review aims to expose the benefits of breastfeeding during acute infections, the main cause of morbidity in infants.Recent FindingsBreastfeeding has the ability to modify the infant ’s microbiome, and consequently its immune system. It also protects against viral infections mainly due to oligosaccharides. The longer the duration of breastfeeding, the greater the benefits (benefits have been observed up to 4 years after).SummaryIt has been shown that breastfeeding provides greater benefits wh...
Source: Current Tropical Medicine Reports - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
akır M Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage prevalence, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) in children with chronic diseases that predispose them to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in comparison with healthy children.A cross sectional prevalence study was performed between February 2015 and February 2016 in Istanbul, Turkey. We enrolled 1024 children with chronic diseases and 394 healthy children aged 0-18 years.Overall prevalence of SPNP carriage was 9.8%. The prevalence of SPNP carriage among the healthy children was ...
Source: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Jpn J Infect Dis Source Type: research
Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is an intractable otitis media characterized by a highly viscous effusion containing eosinophils, and it is mostly associated with bronchial asthma. Recently, anti-IL-5 therapy using mepolizumab has been reported to be effective for patients with severe and refractory eosinophilic bronchial asthma. EOM shows accumulation of eiosinophils in the middle ear effusion and most EOM patients have high numbers of peripheral blood eosinophils. Therefore, we carried out a retrospective study to determine whether anti-IL-5 therapy is also effective in the treatment of EOM.
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe hyper IgE syndromes (HIES) comprise a group of rare primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDDs), which are characterized by extremely high serum IgE levels, eczema, recurrent skin and pulmonary infections. Both autosomal dominant (AD) HIES due to STAT3 mutations and autosomal recessive (AR) HIES due to PGM3, SPINK5, DOCK8 and TKY2 mutations have been reported. Here, we aim to summarize and compare the major clinical manifestations of different subtypes of HIES. We will also discuss otitis media, which usually do not get enough attention in HIES. Update and familiarity with these clinical feature...
Source: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract The relationship between otitis media with effusion (OME) and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) remains unclear. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 80 consecutively presenting patients-42 males and 38 females, aged 15 to 76 years (median: 48)-who were diagnosed with CRSwNP. Our aim was to ascertain the prevalence of OME in CRSwNP patients, to determine whether the severity of CRSwNP affected OME, and to identify risk factors for OME in CRSwNP patients. The severity of CRSwNP was assessed on the basis of nasal symptoms, endoscopic nasal examinations, and Lund-Mackay staging scores. ...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewBreastfeeding has been studied for its multiple benefits to both, the infant and the mother. This review aims to expose the benefits of breastfeeding during acute infections, the main cause of morbidity in infants.Recent FindingsBreastfeeding has the ability to modify the infant ’s microbiome, and consequently its immune system. It also protects against viral infections mainly due to oligosaccharides. The longer the duration of breastfeeding, the greater the benefits (benefits have been observed up to 4 years after).SummaryIt has been shown that breastfeeding provides greater benefits wh...
Source: Current Tropical Medicine Reports - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
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