Correlation between secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke exposure and children ED visits
The objective of this study was to determine association between SHMS exposure and rates of emergency department visitation, and rates of tobacco sensitive conditions (asthma, otitis media and viral respiratory infections).
AbstractTobacco smoke, active or passive exposure was the major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the world during twentieth century and will continue to be the same in the twenty-first century also if the current trends continue. Both active and passive smoking are having significance in relation to child health. Exposure starts antenatally from placenta to the fetus and later phases through passive exposure to experimental and regular smoking and ultimately addiction and habitual smoking. Evidences are in favour of causal relationship with intrauterine growth restriction, sudden infant death syndrome, decre...
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The objective of this study was to determine if infant RSV bronchiolitis is associated with increased risk of otitis media, pneumonia, and antibiotic utilization, and if risk is modified by maternal asthma.
CONCLUSION: The co-presence of nasal polyps and resistant otitis media with effusion should raise the possibility of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. PMID: 29310745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We present the case of a 13-month-old, nonconsanguineous, Hispanic boy with rectal abscesses and perianal fistulae beginning at 2 months of age. At the time of initial consultation, he had undergone 11 prior operations for abscess drainage. His infectious history was notable for recurrent upper respiratory tract infections, acute otitis media, chronic diarrhea, and an episode of thrush that resolved with oral nystatin at 2 months of age. He did not have a history of pneumonia, growth failure, or signs of endocrinopathy.
Conclusions: These results suggest that intensive anti-inflammatory treatment in asthma could be valuable not only for prevention of worsening asthma but also for inhibition of progression of EOM.
This study shows an elevated presence of IL-17 and IL-23, as pro inflammatory cytokines, in OME. These finding may represent the contribution of such cytokines in the pathogenesis of OME. Blocking such molecules may yield new non-surgical therapeutics. PMID: 29338158 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions Antibiotic consumption of children in Greece is mainly driven by pediatricians. Continuing medical education is expected to further improve antibiotic prescription practices by pediatricians.
Discussion Angioedema is edema that is non-pitting, self-limited occurring in non-dependent areas usually in an asymmetric distribution usually on the lips, face, hands, feet, genitals and also in the bowel. It usually develops over minutes to hours (often 1-2 hours) with resolution usually within 24-48 hours. Angioedema often occurs with urticaria but 20% of patients may have isolated angioedema. Acute allergic angioedema is often caused by drugs (including antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), foods, infections, insects, various organic substances (i.e. latex, preservatives, formaldehyde, etc.), and oth...
This article examines the evidence for a relationship between allergic disease and several common otologic conditions, including otitis media with effusion, eosinophilic otitis media, and M énière’s disease.